Dog Kung Fu

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Dog Kung Fu
Also known as Chinese Dog Boxing, Gǒuquán, Dìshùquán
Focus Hybrid
Country of origin China China
Creator Unknown
Parenthood Iron Shirt, Iron Palm
Olympic sport No

Dog Kung Fu, i.e. Gǒuquán (狗拳), i.e. Dìshùquán (地术拳), is a martial arts style from China. This is a southern style of Chinese boxing that specializes in takedowns and ground fighting. This martial art also teaches Iron Shirt and Iron Palm fighting methods as well as specialized leaping techniques. Its creation is traditionally credited to a Buddhist nun who developed the style to defend herself from bandits on her travels.

Origins[edit]

One of the legends on the origins of Dog Kung Fu says that in the southern area of China in Fujian Province, resided the White Lotus(白蓮) temple, where often the nuns who were admitted previously lived secular lives. At that time women were often subjugated to the practice of footbinding. Therefore, any practice that required standing physical exertion was difficult in the least and practically impossible at worst. In response to these physical constraints, the nuns developed a system of fighting that they could use to defend themselves from bandits and wild animals. During the Qing Dynasty imperial regime's destruction of the temples, a nun by the name of Si Yue had left White Lotus Temple and traveled to the northern areas of the province. Supposedly she had fallen ill in the Yongtai region near Fuzhou, it was there that she was assisted by the Chen Family who took care of her until recovery. As she was indebted to the Chen Family she remained and taught their son, Chen Biao, Gouquan. The Chen family kept this art a family secret for several generations.[1]

Another Legend suggests that the famous Fong Sai-Yuk was a master of Dishuquan and had passed his skills to monks in the Zhuyuansi Temple (nowadays known as Guanyuan Temple), this was passed through various generations until a monk named Hui Kai taught the style to Zheng Yishan.[2]

Chen Yi-Jiu[edit]

During the early years of the Republic of China, Chen Ayin, a descendant of Chen Biao, fled to Singapore to escape imprisonment for accidental manslaughter when defending a friend against a village troublemaker. He was taken in by a one of the Chinese immigrants, Chen Yijiu. Being ever grateful, he taught Chen Yijiu his art without reservation.

Chen Yijiu, already having learnt martial arts such as Muay Thai, Dragon Kung Fu, and Zui Quan, spent several years refining the techniques in Dishuquan and building himself a reputation in Southeast Asia as the "Iron Leg". He left Singapore in 1932 and moved to Fuzhou, where he resided until his death. There, he spent the rest of his years teaching Dishuquan, spreading the art around and through Fuzhou.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] Taiping - History of Dishuquan (Dog Boxing)
  2. ^ [2] Taiping - History of Dishuquan (Dog Boxing)
  3. ^ Taken from 'Fukien Ground Boxing: Nan Shaolin Leg Techniques' pg. 12

External links[edit]

Training books[edit]

Images and videos[edit]