Dogado

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Duchy of Venice
Dogado (vec)
Domain of the Republic of Venice

697–1797
Location of Dogado
The Venetian Lagoon, with Mestre marked on the mainland, then (north to south) Murano, Venice and the Lido in the lagoon
Historical era Middle Ages
 -  Traditional date of establishment 697
 -  Treaty of Campo Formio 17 October 1797

The Dogado or Duchy of Venice was the word used to define a Doge's reign and the name given to the homeland of the Republic of Venice, headed by the Doge.

This term was equivalent to Ducato (duchy), the term given to Italian city states that (unlike Venice) had a duke as hereditary head of state. It comprised the city of Venice and the narrow coastal strip from Loreo to Grado, though these borders later extended from Goro to the south, Polesine and Padovano to the west, Trevisano and Friuli to the north and the mouth of the Isonzo to the east.

Apart from Venice, the capital and in practice a city-state of its own, the administration of the Dogado was subdivided in nine districts starting at the north: Grado, Caorle, Torcello, Murano, Malamocco, Chioggia, Loreo, Cavarzere and Gambarare. In lieu of the earlier tribunes (elected by the people) and gastalds (corresponding with the Doge), during the Republic each district was led by a patrician with the title of podestà, with the exception of Grado, headed by a Count.

It was one of the three subdivisions of the Republic's possessions, the other two being the Stato da Màr ("Sea State") and the Domini di Terraferma ("mainland domains").

Bibliography[edit]

  • Da Mosto, Andrea: L'Archivio di Stato di Venezia, Biblioteca d'Arte editrice, Roma, 1937.
  • Mutinelli, Fabio: Lessico Veneto, tipografia Giambattista Andreola, Venezia, 1852.