Dogger Bank

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For the former landmass in the southern North Sea that connected the island of Great Britain to mainland Europe, see Doggerland.
Location of the Dogger Bank

Dogger Bank is a large sandbank in a shallow area of the North Sea about 100 kilometres (62 miles) off the east coast of England. The bank extends over approximately 17,600 km2 (6,800 sq mi), with its dimensions being about 260 km (160 mi) long and up to 97 km (60 mi) broad.[1]

The water depth ranges from 15 to 36 metres (from 49 to 118 feet), about 20 m (66 ft) shallower than the surrounding sea. It is a productive fishing bank. The name comes from dogger, an old Dutch word for fishing boat, especially for catching cod.

Geography[edit]

Geologically, the feature is most likely a moraine, formed during the Pleistocene.[1] At differing times during the last ice age it was either joined to the mainland or an island. The bank was part of a large landmass, known as Doggerland, which connected Britain to the European mainland until it was flooded some time after the end of the last ice age.[2][3]

Fishing trawlers working the area have dredged up large amounts of moor peat, remains of mammoth and rhinoceros, and occasionally Paleolithic hunting artefacts.[4]

In 1931, the largest earthquake ever recorded in the United Kingdom took place below the bank, measuring 6.1 on the Richter scale. Its focus was 23 km beneath the bank, and the quake was felt in countries all around the North Sea, causing damage across eastern England.

Naval battles and incidents[edit]

The bank has been the site of several naval actions:

Environmental[edit]

Map showing hypothetical extent of Doggerland (c. 8,000 BCE), which provided a land bridge between Great Britain and continental Europe.

The bank is an important fishing area, with cod and herring being caught in large numbers. It gives its name to the Dogger sea area used in the BBC Radio 4 Shipping Forecast. Several shipwrecks lie on the bank.

Dogger Bank has been identified as an oceanic environment that exhibits high primary productivity throughout the year in the form of phytoplankton. As such, it has been proposed by various groups to designate the area a Marine Nature Reserve.[5]

Wind farm[edit]

Main article: Dogger Bank Wind Farm

In January 2010, a licence to develop a wind farm on Dogger Bank was granted to Forewind Ltd, a consortium of developers. Originally projected to develop up to 9 gigawatts of power as part of a planned nine zone project of 32 gigawatts, the plan was later scaled down to a 7.2 gigawatt installation in agreement with the area's owner Crown Estates.[6]

Construction is scheduled to start around 2014 at the earliest.[7]

In popular culture[edit]

Dogger Bank has been mentioned in documentaries about WWI and the pre-history of Britain & Ireland.

Prehistoric context (primarily as Doggerland)

  • The Story of Scotland - Before Scotland (2009) Parts 1 & 2 (BBC, 2009)

World War I (as Dogger Bank)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Stride, A.H (January 1959). "On the origin of the Dogger Bank, in the North Sea". Geological magazine 96 (1): 33–34. doi:10.1017/s0016756800059197. Retrieved 12 January 2010. 
  2. ^ Laura Spinney (2013-04-25). "Searching for Doggerland - National Geographic Magazine". Ngm.nationalgeographic.com. Retrieved 2014-05-01. 
  3. ^ University of Sussex, School of Life Sciences, C1119 Modern human evolution, Lecture 6, slide 23[dead link]
  4. ^ Joel Duff (2014-02-04). "Fishing for Fossils in the North Sea: The Lost World of Doggerland – Naturalis Historia". Thenaturalhistorian.com. Retrieved 2014-05-01. 
  5. ^ "The Dogger Bank - A Potential MPA". WWF. Retrieved 2008-10-15. 
  6. ^ Laister, David (2014-02-19). "Dogger Bank wind farm zone to be scaled back by 20 per cent". Grimsby Telegraph. Retrieved 2014-05-01. 
  7. ^ "BBC News - New UK offshore wind farm licences are announced". news.bbc.co.uk. January 8, 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-08. 

Coordinates: 54°43′28.63″N 2°46′06.80″E / 54.7246194°N 2.7685556°E / 54.7246194; 2.7685556