Dogri–Kangri languages

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Western Pahari
Himalayas of Nepal, India, and Pakistan
Linguistic classification: Indo-European
ISO 639-2 / 5: him
Glottolog: hima1250[2]

The Dogri–Kangri languages, traditionally known as Western Pahari or sometimes Himachali, are a range of languages and dialects spoken across the Himalayan range, from Pakistan to Nepal.


The Dogri–Kangri languages are tonal, like their close relative Panjabi but unlike most other Indic languages. Dogri has been an official language in India since 2003.

Although traditionally called Western Pahari, they are not as close to the other Pahari languages as they are to Panjabi. Although they are a dialect chain and neighboring varieties may be mutually intelligible, those counted as distinct languages in Ethnologue 16 are,

The Potwari language of Pakistan has traditionally been considered Western Pahari, but is now generally placed with the Lahnda languages (Northern Panjabi or modern Panjistani).

All are Dogri–Kangri traditionally considered dialects of either Hindi or Panjabi.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ernst Kausen, 2006. Die Klassifikation der indogermanischen Sprachen (Microsoft Word, 133 KB)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Dogri–Kangri". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.