Dohogram

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Coordinates: 26°18′14.66″N 88°56′42.35″E / 26.3040722°N 88.9450972°E / 26.3040722; 88.9450972 Dohogram (or Dahagram) is a chhit of Bangladesh that, together with a bordering chhit named Angarpota, comprise a composite exclave that is landlocked by India. In 1947 the British partitioned India into two independent states, Pakistan and India, and the problem of the enclave was thus created. It was the largest Pakistani enclave in India.

Prior to 1953, Pakistan claimed that this enclave was connected with its territory, but a check of the maps determined that it was separated by about 85 meters. Since that time the fate of this territory has become an issue of contention for both countries. In 1965 fighting broke out along the border of this region, followed shortly thereafter by a cease fire.

After the liberation of Bangladesh from Pakistan, a new agreement was signed to eliminate any of the enclaves. However, this agreement was not enforced and Dohogram remained in existence. A new agreement was signed in 1982 and implemented in 1992. This allowed intermittent traffic to pass between Bangladesh and Dohogram.

Following an agreement signed by both countries on September 6, 2011, the Tin Bigha Corridor, a strip of Indian territory separating Dohogram from mainland Bangladesh, is leased to Bangladesh indefinitely, allowing the enclave to be accessed 24 hours a day.

References[edit]

  • Willem van Schendel, "Stateless in South Asia: The Making of the India-Bangladesh Enclaves", The Journal of Asian Studies, 61, No. 1, Feb. 2002.