Dole, Jura

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Dole
Old Dole
Old Dole
Coat of arms of Dole
Coat of arms
Dole is located in France
Dole
Dole
Coordinates: 47°05′35″N 5°29′26″E / 47.0931°N 5.4906°E / 47.0931; 5.4906Coordinates: 47°05′35″N 5°29′26″E / 47.0931°N 5.4906°E / 47.0931; 5.4906
Country France
Region Franche-Comté
Department Jura
Arrondissement Dole
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Jean-Maris Sermier (UMP)
Area1 38.38 km2 (14.82 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 25,384
 • Density 660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 39198 / 39100
Elevation 196–341 m (643–1,119 ft)
Website www.Dole.org

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Dole (pronunciation: [dɔl],[1] sometimes wrongly pronounced [dol],[2] probably due to the incorrect orthography "Dôle" sometimes encountered) is a commune in the Jura department in the Franche-Comté region in eastern France, of which it is a subprefecture (sous-préfecture).

History[edit]

Dole was the capital of Franche-Comté until Louis XIV conquered the region; he shifted the parlement from Dole to Besançon. The university, founded by Philip the Good of Burgundy in 1422, was also transferred to Besançon at that time.

The 1995 film, Happiness Is in the Field, was set in Dole.

Geography[edit]

Dole is located on the Doubs River. The commune has a land area of 38.38 km² (14.82 sq mi).

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 9,000 —    
1800 8,235 −8.5%
1806 8,678 +5.4%
1821 9,647 +11.2%
1831 9,927 +2.9%
1836 10,137 +2.1%
1841 10,713 +5.7%
1846 10,519 −1.8%
1851 10,830 +3.0%
1856 10,985 +1.4%
1861 10,605 −3.5%
1866 11,093 +4.6%
1872 11,679 +5.3%
1876 12,924 +10.7%
1881 13,190 +2.1%
1886 13,293 +0.8%
1891 14,253 +7.2%
1896 14,437 +1.3%
1901 14,627 +1.3%
1906 14,838 +1.4%
1911 16,294 +9.8%
1921 16,208 −0.5%
1926 18,093 +11.6%
1931 18,066 −0.1%
1936 18,117 +0.3%
1946 18,250 +0.7%
1954 22,022 +20.7%
1962 24,525 +11.4%
1968 27,188 +10.9%
1975 29,295 +7.7%
1982 26,889 −8.2%
1990 26,577 −1.2%
1999 24,949 −6.1%
2008 25,384 +1.7%

It is the largest commune in Jura, although the préfecture is Lons-le-Saunier.

Transport[edit]

Dole – Jura Airport is located in the commune of Tavaux, 7 km southwest of Dole.

Famous residents[edit]

Museums[edit]

The Museum of Fine Arts, Dole founded in 1821, is located in the House of the Officers, an example of military architecture of Franche-Comté at the 18th century.

Twin towns[edit]

Dole is sister city to the following cities in four countries:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (French) Henri Bertand in the video Henri Bertand se livre, tvdole.com
  2. ^ (French) Francis Guthleben in Imagine ce pays - Dôle, France 3 Bourgogne-Franche Comté

External links[edit]

Dole Basilica: