Dolgoprudny

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Dolgoprudny (English)
Долгопрудный (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Dolgoprudny01.jpg
A street in Dolgoprudny
Map of Russia - Moscow Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Moscow Oblast in Russia
Dolgoprudny is located in Moscow Oblast
Dolgoprudny
Dolgoprudny
Location of Dolgoprudny in Moscow Oblast
Coordinates: 55°56′N 37°30′E / 55.933°N 37.500°E / 55.933; 37.500Coordinates: 55°56′N 37°30′E / 55.933°N 37.500°E / 55.933; 37.500
Coat of Arms of Dolgoprudny (Moscow oblast) (2003).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of January 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Moscow Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated to Dolgoprudny Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
Administrative center of Dolgoprudny Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
Municipal status (as of June 2011)
Urban okrug Dolgoprudny Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Dolgoprudny Urban Okrug[2]
Head[citation needed] Oleg Troitsky[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 90,956 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 187th
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Town status since 1957[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5] 141700
Dialing code(s) +7 495[citation needed]
Official website
Dolgoprudny on WikiCommons

Dolgoprudny (Russian: Долгопру́дный) is a town in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located about 20 kilometers (12 mi) north of Moscow city center. The town's name is derived from Russian "Долгий пруд" (dolgy prud, lit. "long pond")—a long and narrow pond situated in the northeastern part of the town. The town's name is sometimes colloquially shortened as Dolgopa. Population: 90,956 (2010 Census);[3] 68,792 (2002 Census);[6] 70,751 (1989 Census).[7]

Geography[edit]

The territory of the town borders with Moscow in the south and in the east, Khimki in the southwest, and is limited by the Moscow Canal in the west and by the Klyazminskoye Reservoir in the north. The town can be reached by suburban train from the Savyolovsky Terminal of Moscow in about twenty minutes to one of the three platforms: Novodachnaya, Dolgoprudnaya, or Vodniki, or by bus shuttle from Rechnoy Vokzal and Altufyevo stations of the Moscow Metro. The Dmitrovskoye highway connecting Moscow with Dmitrov and Dubna passes just east of the town.

History[edit]

The Campus of Fiztekh
Coat of arms of Dolgoprudny in 1982-1997

A settlement of Vinogradovo situated in the place of the modern town was known at least since the 17th century. Then a railway was built in the 1900s (decade) and a railway platform was built in 1914. The settlement started to develop as an airship manufacturing plant was built there in 1931. The aeronautic engineer Umberto Nobile worked there for five years during the 1930s. For a few years during the 1930s, the settlement was renamed Dirizhablstroy (meaning "airship building"). In 1951, the famous Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology or Fiztekh, moved to Dolgoprudny, and a construction of its present campus started in the southern part of the town, inspired by the Nobel Prize winners Pyotr Kapitsa, Lev Landau, and Nikolay Semyonov. Town status was granted in 1957.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as Dolgoprudny Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Dolgoprudny Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction is incorporated as Dolgoprudny Urban Okrug.[2]

Economy[edit]

Now the town has machinery-building, engineering, and chemical industries. It is being extensively developed with much commercial and residential construction due to its favorable location and following the growing demand for real estate in the suburbs of Moscow.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #11/2013-OZ
  2. ^ a b c Law #56/2005-OZ
  3. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  6. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №11/2013-ОЗ от 31 января 2013 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Московской области», в ред. Закона №24/2014-ОЗ от 21 марта 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Московской области"». Вступил в силу на следующий день после официального опубликования (13 января 2013 г.). Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №24, 12 февраля 2013 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #11/2013-OZ of January 31, 2013 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Law #24/2014-OZ of March 21, 2014 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Moscow Oblast". Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication (January 13, 2013).).
  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №56/2005-ОЗ от 25 февраля 2005 г. «О статусе и границе городского округа Долгопрудный», в ред. Закона №20/2012-ОЗ от 23 марта 2012 г «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "О статусе и границе городского округа Долгопрудный"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №40–41, 5 марта 2005 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #56/2005-OZ of February 25, 2005 On the Status and the Border of Dolgoprudny Urban Okrug, as amended by the Law #20/2012-OZ of March 23, 2012 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Border of Dolgoprudny Urban Okrug". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]