Dolj County

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Dolj County
Județul Dolj
County
Coat of arms of Dolj County
Coat of arms
Dolj in Romania.svg
Coordinates: 44°10′N 23°42′E / 44.17°N 23.7°E / 44.17; 23.7Coordinates: 44°10′N 23°42′E / 44.17°N 23.7°E / 44.17; 23.7
Country  Romania
Development region1 Sud-Vest
Historic region Oltenia
Capital city Craiova
Government
 • Type County Board
 • President of the County Board Ion Prioteasa
 • Prefect2 Silviu Dumitru
Area
 • Total 7,414 km2 (2,863 sq mi)
Area rank 7th in Romania
Population (2011[1])
 • Total 660,544
 • Rank 7th in Romania
 • Density 89/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 20wxyz3
Area code(s) +40 x514
Car Plates DJ5
GDP US$ 5.64 billion (2008)
GDP/capita US$ 7,673 (2008)
Website County Board
County Prefecture
1 The development regions of Romania have no administrative role and were formed in order to manage funds from the European Union
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned from having any political activity in the first six months after his resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionaries' corps.
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Dolj (Romanian pronunciation: [dolʒ]; originally meant Dol(no)-Jiu, "lower Jiu", as opposed to Gorj (upper Jiu))[citation needed] is a county (județ) of Romania, in Oltenia, with the capital city at Craiova.

Demographics[edit]

In 2011, it had a population of 660,544 and a population density of 89 /km2 (230 /sq mi).

Year County population[3]
1948 615,301
1956 Increase 642,028
1966 Increase 691,116
1977 Increase 750,328
1992 Increase 761,074
2002 Decrease 734,231
2011 Decrease 660,544

Geography[edit]

This county has a total area of 7,414 km2 (2,863 sq mi).

The entire area is a plain with the Danube on the south forming a wide valley crossed by the Jiu River in the middle. Other small rivers flow through the county, each one forming a small valley. There are some lakes across the county and many ponds and channels in the Danube valley. 6% of the county's area is a desert.[4]

Neighbours[edit]


Economy[edit]

Agriculture is the county's main industry. The county has a land that is ideal for growing cereals, vegetables and wines. Other industries are mainly located in the city of Craiova, the largest city in southwestern Romania.

The county's main industries:

  • Automotive industry – Ford has a factory.
  • Heavy electrical and transport equipment – Electroputere Craiova is the largest factory plant in Romania.
  • Aeronautics
  • Chemicals processing
  • Foods and beverages
  • Textiles
  • Mechanical parts and components

There are two small ports on the shore of the Danube river – Bechet and Calafat.

People[edit]

Tourism[edit]

Major tourist attractions:

Administrative divisions[edit]

Dolj County 3 municipalities, 4 towns and 104 communes

References[edit]

External links[edit]