|Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit|
February 1, 1991 – January 31, 1998
|Preceded by||Leon Higginbotham|
|Succeeded by||Edward Becker|
|Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit|
June 21, 1979 – June 21, 2013
|Appointed by||Jimmy Carter|
|Preceded by||Seat established|
|Succeeded by||Cheryl Krause|
|Born||1932 (age 82–83)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Alma mater||Temple University
University of Pennsylvania
Dolores Korman Sloviter (born 1932) is a Senior United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. Born to a Jewish-American family in 1932 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, she attended Philadelphia High School for Girls. She graduated from Temple University in 1953 with an A.B. and received her J.D. in 1956 from the University of Pennsylvania Law School, where she served as a Comments Editor on the University of Pennsylvania Law Review. Sloviter was in private law practice until she became a professor of law at Temple in 1972. President Jimmy Carter appointed her to the Third Circuit in 1979; she was the first woman to serve on that court and only the fourth woman to serve as a federal court of appeals judge. Sloviter served as Chief Judge from 1991 to 1998, the only woman to have served as Chief Judge of the Third Circuit.
In 1996 Sloviter was a member of a three-judge panel of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania which heard a challenge to the Communications Decency Act, Title V of the Telecommunications Act of 1996, on grounds that it abridged the free speech provisions of the First Amendment. On June 12, 1996, their decision blocked enforcement of the act, ruling that it was unconstitutional, in addition to being unworkable and impractical from a technical standpoint. The "Findings of Fact" document — written for the case by Judges Sloviter, Ronald L. Buckwalter, and Stewart R. Dalzell — was posted on the Internet and cited as a lucid introduction to the Internet and related software. The U.S. Supreme Court upheld their ruling on June 18, 1997.
Sloviter took senior status as of June 21, 2013, the 34th anniversary of her appointment to the bench. Although Sloviter had been eligible to take senior status for some time, she long opted not to do so, preferring instead to remain an "active" judge, with a full caseload and full voting rights.
- Dolores Sloviter at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
- Lewis, Peter H. "Personal Computers: An Internet Primer by 3 Newbies". The New York Times. June 18, 1996. p. C11.
- Transcript of Interview with Professor Judge Dolores Sloviter, Catharine Krieps, University of Pennsylvania Law School, April 2, 1999
|New seat||Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit
|Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit