List of domesticated animals

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This is a list of animals that have been domesticated by humans.[1]

Species and subspecies Wild ancestor Date Location of origin Purpose Image Degree and type of domestication Extent in wild vs captivity
Dog (Canis lupus familiaris) Gray wolf (Canis lupus) between 30,000 BC and 15,000 BC[2][3] Eurasia Pets, shepherding, working, meat, show, hunting, draft, research, religion, racing, transportation, rescuing, guiding, servicing, herding, guarding, pest control Pembroke Welsh Corgi 600.jpg tame; significant physical and behavioral changes Very common in captivity, wild relatives are much less common, though not rare. Feral dogs abundant
Sheep (Ovis aries) Mouflon (Ovis orientalis) between 11,000 BC and 9000 BC[4][5] Southwest Asia(Iran) fibre, meat, milk, leather, pelt, vellum, pets, show, racing, religion, research, guarding, fighting, ornamental Pair of Icelandic Sheep.jpg Some physical changes Common in captivity, threatened in the wild
Domestic pig (Sus scrofa domesticus) Wild boar (Sus scrofa) 9000 BC[6] Near East, China meat, leather, religion, research, show, racing, fighting, working, pets Sow with piglet.jpg Some physical changes Common in the wild. Much more common in captivity. Feral animals common in some areas.
Domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) Wild goat (Capra aegagrus) 8000 BC[7] Iran milk, meat, fibre, working, skin, hair, show, racing, religion, fighting, cleaning, pets Capra, Crete 4.jpg Slight physical changes Common in captivity, threatened in wild, feral goats common
Cattle (Bos primigenius taurus) Aurochs (Bos primigenius) (extinct) 8000 BC[8] Europe, Asia and North Africa meat, milk, leather, hides, working, plowing, draft, vellum, blood, transportation, soil fertilization, fighting, show, pets, religion Cow female black white.jpg Some physical changes Very common in captivity, wild relatives extinct, feral cattle fairly common
Zebu (Bos primigenius indicus) Aurochs (Bos primigenius) (extinct) 8000 BC India meat, milk, leather, hides, working, plowing, draft, vellum, blood, transportation, soil fertilization, fighting, show, racing, religion Bos taurus indicus.jpg Considerable physical changes Wild relatives extinct, rare in captivity
Cat (Felis silvestris catus) African wildcat (Felis silvestris lybica) 8000 - 7500 BC[9][10][11][12] Near East pets, pest control, religion, show, pelt, research Neighbours Siamese.jpg Tame, some physical changes Very abundant in captivity, true wildcats less abundant though not rare. Feral populations very common.
Chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus) 6000 BC[13] India and Southeast Asia meat, eggs, feathers, leather, religion, show, racing, ornamental, fighting, pets Gallus gallus male Kaziranga 1.jpg Some physical changes Very common in captivity and the wild
Guinea pig (Cavia porcellus) Montane Guinea Pig (Cavia tschudii) 5000 BC[14] Peru pets, meat, religion, show, racing, research Caviaklein.jpg Tame, slight physical changes Somewhat common in captivity and the wild
Donkey (Equus africanus asinus) African wild ass (Equus africanus) 5000 BC[15][16] Egypt transportation, working, plowing, draft, mount, meat, milk, pets, racing, guarding Donkey 1 arp 750px.jpg Slight physical changes Somewhat common in captivity and as feral animals, wild animals critically endangered,
Domestic duck (Anas platyrhynchos domesticus) Mallard duck (Anas platyrhnchos) 4000 BC China meat, fat, foie gras, feathers and down, blood, eggs, pets, show, racing, ornamental Taiwanese duck farm.jpg Considerable physical changes Common in captivity, but more abundant in the wild
Water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) Wild water buffalo (Bubalus arnee) 4000 BC India, China working, plowing, draft, mount, fighting, meat, religion, show, racing, milk BUFFALO159.JPG Mainly unchanged from wild animal Somewhat rare in captivity, endangered in the wild
Horse (Equus ferus caballus) Wild horse (Equus ferus) 4000 BC[17] Eurasian Steppes transportation, meat working, guiding, servicing, hunting, execution, plowing, draft, mount, fighting, show, weddings, racing, religion, milk, pets Nokota Horses cropped.jpg Tame, some physical changes mainly in coloration Common in captivity, very rare in wild, feral populations common
Domestic dromedary camel (Camelus dromedarius) Wild dromedary camel (Camelus dromedarius) 4000 BC Arabia transportation, working, hunting, plowing, draft, mount, show, weddings, racing, religion, fighting, milk, meat Camelus dromedarius at Tierpark Berlin (1).JPG Tame, few physical changes Moderately common in captivity, small feral population in original range, significant feral population in Australia, true wild dromedaries may be extinct
Domestic silkmoth (Bombyx mori) Wild silkmoth (Bombyx mandarina) 3000 BC China silk, food, pets, meat Silkworms3000px.jpg Tame/held captive, some physical changes Fairly common in captivity, wild extent unclear
Domestic pigeon (Columba livia domestica) Rock pigeon (Columba livia) 3000 BC Mediterranean Basin show, weddings, messenger, meat, racing, pets Australian saddleback tumbler.jpg Artificially selected into many varieties, including meat breeds, racing/messenger breeds, and fancy plumage breeds Relatively common in captivity, very common in the wild, feral pigeons extremely abundant
Domestic goose (Anser anser domesticus) Greylag goose (Anser anser) 3000 BC Egypt meat, fat, foie gras, feathers and down, eggs, show, guarding, pets Neugierige Hausgans.JPG Considerable physical changes Common in captivity and the wild
Yak (Bos grunniens) Wild Yak (Bos mutus) 2500 BC Tibet milk, transportation, working, plowing, mount, racing, fighting, meat, fibre Bos grunniens - Syracuse Zoo.jpg Tame, slight physical changes
Domestic Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus) Wild Bactrian camel (Camelus ferus) 2500 BC Central Asia milk, transportation, working, hunting, plowing, draft, mount, fighting, show, weddings, racing, religion, meat, hair Chameau de bactriane.JPG Tame, few physical changes Moderately common in captivity, critically endangered in the wild
Llama (Lama glama) Guanaco (Lama guanicoe) 2400 BC[18] Peru transportation, working, draft, mount, meat, religion, show, weddings, racing, pets, guarding Pack llamas posing near Muir Trail.jpg Slight physical changes Fairly common in captivity and the wild
Alpaca (Vicugna pacos) Vicuña (Vicugna vicugna) 2400 BC[18] Peru milk, transportation, fibre, meat, religion, show, pets, guarding Corazon Full.jpg Considerable physical changes Fairly common in captivity and the wild
Domestic guineafowl (Numida meleagris) Helmeted guineafowl (Numida melegris) 2400 BC[19] Africa meat, eggs, pest control, show, alarming, pets Numida meleagris Ngorongoro Conservation Area 1.jpg Mainly unaltered from wild population Somewhat common in captivity and in the wild
Ferret (Mustela putorius furo) European polecat (Mustela putorius) 1500 BC[20] Europe pets, hunting, pest control, show, racing Ferret 2008.png Tame, slight physical changes Common in captivity, somewhat common in the wild. Feral ferrets rare
Fancy mouse House mouse (Mus musculus) 1100 BC China pets, research, racing, food Minimouse.jpg Tame, significant physical changes Common in captivity and in the wild
Ringneck dove (Streptopelia risoria) African collared dove (streptopelia roseogrisea) 500 BC North Africa show, pets Feral Barbary Dove.jpg Slight physical changes Common in captivity and the wild
Bali cattle (Bos javanicus domestica) Banteng (Bos javanicus) Date uncertain Southeast Asia, Java meat, milk, show, racing, working, plowing, draft Banteng Domesticated Bali Bull.PNG Slight physical changes Common in captivity, endangered in the wild
Gayal (Bos frontalis) Gaur (Bos gaurus) Date uncertain Southeast Asia meat, religion Bos gaurus (Gayal) male.JPG Slight physical changes Somewhat common in captivity, threatened in the wild
Domestic turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) Wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) 180[18] Mexico, United States meat, feathers, eggs, show, pets Bronzepute 04.jpg Considerable physical changes Common in captivity and wild
Goldfish (Carassius auratus auratus) Prussian carp (Carassius gibelio) 300–400 China pets, show, racing, ornamental Gullfiskur.jpg Tame/held captive, significant physical changes Very common and abundant in captivity, wild extent is unclear
Domestic rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) 600[21] Europe meat, pelt, fibre, pets, show, racing, research EnglishSpotRabbitChocolate1(cropped).jpg Tame, significant physical changes Common in captivity, rare in native habitat, common in introduced range
Domestic canary (Serinus canaria domestica) Atlantic canary (Serinus canaria) 15th century Canary Islands, Europe pets, research, show, mining, fighting Zwei Kanarienvögel.JPG Slight physical changes Common in captivity and wild
Carabao (Bubalus bubalis carabenesis) Wild water buffalo (Bubalus arnee) 17th century Philippines working, plowing, draft, mount, fighting, meat, milk, show, racing Carabao.jpg Few changes from wild population Fairly common in captivity, endangered in the wild
Siamese fighting fish (Betta splendens) Uncertain species of the genus Betta 19th century Thailand fighting, pets HM Orange M Sarawut.jpg Tame/held captive, very significant physical and slight behavioral changes
Fancy rat and Lab rat Brown rat (Rattus norvegicus) 19th century UK pets, research, show Ratte-Vache.jpeg Tame, some physical and psychological changes Common in captivity and in the wild
Koi (Cyprinus carpio haematopterus) Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) 1820s Japan ornamental, show, pets Six koi.jpg Tame/held captive, considerable physical changes Fairly common in captivity, threatened in the wild
Domestic silver fox (Vulpes vulpes) Red fox (Vulpes vulpes) 1950s Soviet Union, Russia pelt, research, pets Silberfuchs 08.jpg Tame, some physical changes Very small domestic population, wild relatives fairly common
Domestic hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris) Four-toed hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris) 1980s Central and Eastern Africa pets Baxter flower.jpg Slight physical changes Common in the wild. Rare in captivity
Society finch (Lonchura striata domestica) White-rumped munia (Lonchura striata) date uncertain Japan pets, research Rbruni.JPG Slight physical changes Fairly common in captivity and the wild
Guppy (Poecilia reticulata some strains)[22] Guppy (Poecilia reticulata) Date uncertain Barbados, Brazil, Guyana pets Guppy coppia gialla.jpg Held/tame in captivity, significant physical changes Common in captivity

Semidomesticated, routinely captive-bred, or domestication status unclear[edit]

Due to the somewhat unclear outlines of what, precisely, constitutes domestication, there are some species that may or may not be fully domesticated. There are also species that are extensively used or kept as pets by humans, but are not significantly altered from wild-type animals. Most animals on this second table are at least somewhat altered from wild animals by their extensive interactions with humans. Many could not be released into the wild, or are in some way dependent on humans.

Species and subspecies Wild ancestor Date Location of origin Purpose Image Degree and type of domestication Extent in wild vs captivity
Western honey bee (Apis mellifera), including subspecies Italian bee (A. mellifera ligustica), European dark bee (A. mellifera mellifera), and Carniolan honey bee (A. mellifera carnica) Western honey bee (Apis mellifera), and appropriate subspecies 4000 BC (1880s for A.m. lingustica, modern for A.m. mellifera, uncertain for A.m. carnica) Europe, Asia and Africa honey, wax, pollination Bee-apis.jpg Domesticated
Semi-domesticated reindeer Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) 3000 BC Asian subarctic meat, milk, transportation, working, draft, mount, hides, racing, leather, antlers Caribou using antlers.jpg Semidomesticated
Addax (Addax nasomaculatus) Addax (Addax nasomaculatus) 2500 BC Egypt meat, horns, leather, skin Addax nasomaculatus closeup.jpg Held/tame in captivity Small captive population, but endangered in the wild
Scimitar oryx (Oryx dammah) Scimitar oryx (Oryx dammah) 2320-2150 BC Egypt meat, hides, religion, ceremonies, horns Scimitar oryx1.jpg Held/tame in captivity Small captive population, but nearly extinct in wild
Asian elephant (Elephas maximus), including subspecies Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) 2000 BC Indus Valley Civilization working, transportation, hunting, show, racing, fighting, ceremonies, religion IndianElephant.jpg semi-domesticated (Captured from wild and tamed)
Mandarin duck (Aix galericulata) Mandarin duck (Aix galericulata) Pre-modern China (Date uncertain) China meat, fat, ornamental Aix galericulata - Zürich - Hafen Riesbach 2011-01-14 15-58-32.JPG Held/tame in captivity
Egyptian mongoose (Herpestes ichneumon) Egyptian mongoose (Herpestes ichneumon) Ancient Egypt (Date uncertain) Egypt pest control, pets, religion Egyptian mongoose.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Asiatic honey bee (Apis cerana) Asiatic honey bee (Apis cerana) Date uncertain South and Southeast Asia honey, pollination Asiatic-honey-bee.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Fallow deer (Dama dama) Fallow deer (Dama dama) 1000 BC Mediterranean Basin meat, hides, antlers Fallow deer in field.jpg domesticated
European medicinal leech (Hirudo medicinalis) European medicinal leech (Hirudo medicinalis) 800 BC Europe, Asia bloodletting, surgery Svømmende blodigle.JPG
Muscovy duck (Cairina moschata) Muscovy duck (Cairina moschata) 700–600 BC[18] South America meat, fat, feathers, eggs, show, pets MuscovyDuck.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Cochineal (Dactylopius coccus) Cochineal (Dactylopius coccus) 700–500 BC[18] Chile, Peru, Mexico dye Dactylopius coccus (Barlovento) 04 ies.jpg Held/tame in captivity Very common in the wild
Indian peafowl (Pavo cristatus) Indian peafowl (Pavo cristatus) 500 BC India show, feathers, meat, landscaping, ornamental, pets, garden bird, religion Indian Peahens I IMG 9647.jpg Held/tame in captivity Fairly common in the wild
Rose-ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri) Rose-ringed parakeet (Psittacula krameri) Classical antiquity (Date uncertain) Africa, Asia pets, talking bird Rose-ringed Parakeet I IMG 9797.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Roman snail (Helix pomatia) Roman snail (Helix pomatia) 100 AD Europe meat Helix pomatia 89a.jpg
Stingless bee (Melipona beecheii) Stingless bee (Melipona beecheii) 180 AD Mexico, Amazon Basin honey, pollination Irapuã - REFON.jpg Semidomesticated
White cockatoo (Cacatua alba) White cockatoo (Cacatua alba) Tang Dynasty (618–907 AD) China pets, show Cacatua alba -pet-8a.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Japanese cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus) Japanese cormorant (Phalacrocorax capillatus) 960 AD Japan fishing Umiu wing 20090823.JPG Held/tame in captivity
Great cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) Great cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) 960 AD China fishing Phalacrocorax carbo ja01.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Mute swan (Cygnus olor) Mute swan (Cygnus olor) 1000-1500 Europe meat, landscaping, feathers, garden bird CygneVaires.jpg Semidomesticated
House cricket (Acheta domestica) House cricket (Acheta domestica) 12th century Southwestern Asia, China, Japan meat, food, fighting, pets Acheta domestica male.png held in captivity Somewhat common in captivity, very common in wild
Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) 1100–1900 Japan meat, eggs, pets 3 Japanese quails less than 1 year old.JPG Domesticated in captivity
Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) 1200–1500 Europe, Asia meat LakePowellCarp5437.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Java sparrow (Padda oryzivora) Java sparrow (Padda oryzivora) Ming Dynasty (1368–1644 AD) China pets Buberel Lonchura oryzivora 3.jpg Non-wild coloration pied and fancy colored Javas from long Asian captivity lines are hand tamable Threatened in wild
Indian gray mongoose (Herpestes edwardsii) Indian gray mongoose (Herpestes edwardsii) date uncertain India fighting, pest control, pets Herpestes edwardsii at Hyderaba.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) Capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) date uncertain South America meat, pelt, skin, pets Capybara Hattiesburg Zoo (70909b-42) 2560x1600.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Indian palm squirrel (Funambulus palmarum) Indian palm squirrel (Funambulus palmarum) date uncertain India pets Indian Palm Squirrel Bangalore 2009.jpg Easy to tame
Grey francolin (Francolinus pondicerianus) Grey francolin (Francolinus pondicerianus) date uncertain India, Pakistan meat, pets, fighting Grey Francolin RWD2.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Golden pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus) Golden pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus) date uncertain China meat, ornamental, garden bird Male Golden Pheasant DC.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Sika deer (Cervus nippon) Sika deer (Cervus nippon) Date uncertain Japan, China meat, antlers Sikahjort.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Indian honey bee (Apis cerana indica) Indian honey bee (Apis cerana indica) Date uncertain India honey, pollination Apiscerana.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Common eland (Taurotragus oryx) Common eland (Taurotragus oryx) Date uncertain Zimbabwe, South Africa, Kenya meat, milk, leather, hides, horns Common eland mara.jpg held/tame in captivity
Moose (Alces alces) Moose (Alces alces) Date uncertain Russia, Finland, Sweden research, milk, antlers, mount, draft, transportation, working Milkmaid-and-Moose-Cow-hp4080.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Ostrich (Struthio camelus) Ostrich (Struthio camelus) 19th century Africa meat, eggs, feathers, leather, fat, oil, mount, racing Ostriches cape point cropped.jpg Semidomesticated
Budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus) Budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus) 1850s Australia pets, show, talking bird Melopsittacus undulatus -Zoo Atlanta-8a.jpg Plumage changes, some breeds are physically larger Fairly common in the wild and in captivity
Cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus) Cockatiel (Nymphicus hollandicus) 1870s Australia pets, show, talking bird Nymphicus hollandicus -garden-8.jpg Held/tame in captivity Common in the wild and in captivity
European mink (Mustela lutreola) European mink (Mustela lutreola) 1800s Europe fur Mink1.jpg Held/tame in captivity
American mink (Neovison vison) American mink (Neovison vison) 19th century North America fur, pets, ratting American mink 2083077.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Common fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) Common fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) 1910s Australia, South Africa research, food Drosophila melanogaster - side (aka).jpg
Yellow-collared lovebird (Agapornis personatus) Yellow-collared lovebird (Agapornis personatus) 1920s Tanzania pets Agapornis personatus -Serengeti, Tanzania-8.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Fischer's lovebird (Agapornis fischeri) Fischer's lovebird (Agapornis fischeri) 1920s East-Central Africa pets Agapornis fischeri -Ueno Zoo, Japan -three-8a-4c.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Crimsonspotted rainbowfish (Melanotaenia duboulayi) Crimsonspotted rainbowfish (Melanotaenia duboulayi) 1920s Eastern Australia pets, pest control M duboulayi.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Golden Hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) Golden Hamster (Mesocricetus auratus) 1930s Syria, Turkey pets, research Golden hamster front 1.jpg Domesticated
Long-tailed chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera) Long-tailed chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera) 1930s Andes pets, fur, research Chinchilla lanigera1.jpg held/tame in captivity
Short-tailed chinchilla (Chinchilla chinchilla) Short-tailed chinchilla (Chinchilla chinchilla) 1930s Andes fur Chinchilla brevicaudata.jpg Raised in Captivity Critically endangered in the wild
Water flea (Daphnia magna) Water flea (Daphnia magna) 1930s North America, Eurasia, Africa research, animal feed Daphnia magna-female adult.jpg Held/tame in captivity
African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis) African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis) 1950s South Africa pets, research Xenopus laevis 1.jpg
Sea-Monkey (Artemia nyos) Brine shrimp (Artemia spp., esp. A. salina) 1950s Lake Urmia, Iran pets SeaMonkiesInAquarium.JPG Domesticated
Ball python (Python regius) Ball python (Python regius) 1960s Africa pets Ball python lucy.JPG Captive bred
Zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata) Zebra finch (Taeniopygia guttata) 20th century Australia pets, show Zebra finch arp.jpg Plumage changes, some breeds are physically larger
Axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum) Axolotl 20th century Mexico research, pets Ambystoma mexicanum at Vancouver Aquarium.jpg Slight physical changes Critically endangered in the wild
Leopard gecko (Eublepharis macularius) Leopard gecko (Eublepharis macularius) 20th century Pakistan pets Male Leopard Gecko.JPG Slight physical modification Somewhat common in captivity
American bison (Bison bison) American bison (Bison bison) 20th century North America meat, leather, hides Tatanka.jpg Semidomesticated
Turquoise parrot (Neophema pulchella) Turquoise parrot (Neophema pulchella) 20th century Australia pets, show Neophema pulchella -Rainbow Jungle -Australia-8a.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Green and black poison dart frog (Dendrobates auratus) Green and black poison dart frog (Dendrobates auratus) Mid-to-late 20th century Nicaragua; Costa Rica; Panama; Colombia pets Dendrobates auratus (Antwerp Zoo).jpg Slight physical changes; loss of toxicity
Diamond dove (Geopelia cuneata) Diamond dove (Geopelia cuneata) Date uncertain Australia pets Geopelia cuneata03.jpg held/tame in captivity
Grey-banded kingsnake (Lampropeltis alterna) Grey-banded kingsnake (Lampropeltis alterna) date uncertain Texas, New Mexico, Chihuahua pets Lampropeltis alterna.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Corn snake (Pantherophis gutttatus) Corn snake (Pantherophis guttatus) 1960s United States pets Kornnatter.jpg Slight physical changes Somewhat common in captivity, common in the wild
Muskox (Ovibos moschatus) Muskox (Ovibos moschatus) 1960s United States wool, meat, milk Ovibos moschatus qtl3.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Central bearded dragon (Pogona vitticeps) Central bearded dragon (Pogona vitticeps) 1970s Australia pets Bartagame fcm.jpg slight physical changes
Eclectus parrot (Eclectus roratus) Eclectus parrot (Eclectus roratus) 1980s Australia, Indonesia, New Guinea, Solomon Islands pets Eclectus roratus-20030511.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Salmon-crested cockatoo (Cacatua moluccensis) Salmon-crested cockatoo (Cacatua moluccensis) 1980s Maluku Islands pets, show, talking bird Cacatua moluccensis - closeup of head.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Sugar glider (Petaurus breviceps) Sugar glider (Petaurus breviceps) 1980s Australia pets Petaurus breviceps 1.jpg Domesticated
Lawson's dragon (Pogona henrylawsoni) Lawson's dragon (Pogona henrylawsoni) 1980s Australia pets Pogona henrylawsoni.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Buff-tailed bumblebee (Bombus terrestris) Buff-tailed bumblebee (Bombus terrestris) 1980s Europe wax, pollination Bumblebee October 2007-3a.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Greater rhea (Rhea americana) Greater rhea (Rhea americana) 1990s South America meat, eggs, feathers, leather, fat, oil Rhea side profile.jpg Semidomesticated
Emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) Emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) 1990s Australia meat, eggs, feathers, leather, fat, oil Emu-wild.jpg Semidomesticated
Degu (Octodon degus) Degu (Octodon degus) 1990s Chilean Andes pets, research Octodon degus -Heidelberg Zoo, Germany-8a.jpg
Mongolian gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus) Mongolian gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus) 1990s Mongolia pets, research Golden Agouti Male 4-1-05.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Green iguana (Iguana iguana) Green iguana (Iguana iguana) 1990s South America pets, meat, leather St Thomas Marriott Iguana 9 cropped.jpg Captive bred
Green tree python (Morelia viridis) Green tree python (Morelia viridis) mid-1990s New Guinea, Indonesia, Australia pets Morelia-viridis.jpg Captive bred
Red-tailed black cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus banksii) Red-tailed black cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus banksii) late 1990s Australia pets Red tailed Black Cockatoo in flight.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Gouldian finch (Erythrura gouldiae) Gouldian finch (Erythrura gouldiae) late 1990s Australia pets, show Male adult Gouldian Finch.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Australian green tree frog (Litoria caerulea) Australian green tree frog late 20th century Australia pets Caerulea3 crop.jpg
Argentine horned frog (Ceratophrys ornata) Argentine horned frog late 20th century Argentina pets Argentine Horned Frog (Ceratophrys ornata)1.JPG
Cranwell's horned frog (Ceratophrys cranwelli) Cranwell's horned frog late 20th century Argentina pets Cranwell's horned frog.jpg
Crucian carp (Carassius carassius) Crucian carp (Carassius carassius) 2000s England, Russia meat, pets Carassius carassius Prague Vltava 2.jpg Domesticated
King quail (Coturnix chinensis) King quail (Coturnix chinensis) date uncertain Asia, Australia pets Excalfactoria chinensis (aka).jpg Held/tame in captivity
Lowland paca (Cuniculus paca) Lowland paca (Cuniculus paca) Date uncertain Mexico, Argentina meat, pets Cuniculus paca.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Steppe lemming (Lagurus lagurus) Steppe lemming (Lagurus lagururs) Date uncertain Steppes pets Lagurus lagurus.jpg
Pale gerbil (Gerbillus perpallidus) Pale gerbil (Gerbillus perpallidus) Date uncertain Egypt pets Perpallidus.jpg
Persian jird (Meriones persicus) Persian jird (Meriones persicus) Date uncertain Iran pets Meriones persicus.jpg
Fat-tailed gerbil (Pachyuromys duprasi) Fat-tailed gerbil (Pachyuromys duprasi) Date uncertain Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria pets Pachyuromys-duprasi PeterMaas.jpg
Black spiny-tailed iguana (Ctenosaura similis) Black spiny-tailed iguana (Ctenosaura similis) date uncertain Central America pets, meat CtenosauraSimilis.jpg Captive bred
Western rosella (Platycercus icterotis) Western rosella (Platycercus icterotis) Date uncertain Southwest Australia pets Platycercus icterotis1.jpg Held/tame in captivity
Eastern rosella (Platycercus icterotis) Eastern rosella (Platycercus eximius) Date uncertain Southeast Australia pets Platycercus eximius diemenensis male.jpg Semidomesticated
Crimson rosella (Platycercus elegans) Eastern rosella (Platycercus eximius) Date uncertain Southeast Australia pets Platycercus elegans Wilsons Prom.jpg Semidomesticated
Red-eared slider (Trachemys scripta elegans) Red-eared slider (Trachemys scripta elegans) date uncertain United States pets, meat Sheldonbasking.JPG Easy to domesticate Fairly common in captivity, common in the wild
Rusty-spotted cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus) Rusty-spotted cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus) date uncertain India, Sri Lanka pets Rostkatze Zoo Berlin.JPG Easy to domesticate
Star finch (Neochmia ruficauda) Star finch (Neochmia ruficauda) date uncertain Australia pets, show Neochmia ruficauda (aka).jpg Held/tame in captivity
Tarantula (Brachypelma spp. et al) Mexican redknee tarantula (Brachypelma smithi) and others Date uncertain Mexico pets, research Brachypelma smithi 2009 G09.jpg Common in captivity, getting rare in the wild.
Eurasian siskin (Carduelis spinus) Eurasian siskin (Carduelis spinus) date uncertain Europe, Asia pets, singing Carduelis spinus male.jpg
Crested gecko (Rhacodactylus ciliatus) Crested gecko (Rhacodactylus ciliatus) Date uncertain New Caledonia pets Gekkoninae Rhacodactylus ciliatus tete.png Captive bred Somewhat common in captivity, nearly extinct in wild
Common kusimanse (Crossarchus obscurus) Common kusimanse (Crossarchus obscurus) Date uncertain West Africa pets Cusimanse.jpg Captive bred
Kissing gourami (Helostoma temminckii) Kissing gourami (Helostoma temminckii) Date uncertain Thailand, Indonesia meat, pets Kissfish.jpg Domesticated
Piranha (Pygocentrus nattereri et al.) Red-bellied piranha (Pygocentrus nattereri) and others Date uncertain South America meat, pets, research, fighting Gregory Moine - Red bellied Piranha (by).jpg Semidomesticated Fairly common in captivity, common in the wild
Dubia roach (Blaptica dubia) Dubia roach (Blaptica dubia) Date uncertain Central and South America animal feed, pets Dubia-cockroach-female-near-ruler.jpg


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  2. ^
  3. ^ name="Worldfirst">MSNBC : World's first dog lived 31,700 years ago, ate big
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  7. ^ Melinda A. Zeder, Goat busters track domestication (Physiologic changes and evolution of goats into a domesticated animal), April 2000.
  8. ^ Source : Laboratoire de Préhistoire et Protohistoire de l'Ouest de la France [1], (French).
  9. ^ Driscoll, C. A.; Menotti-Raymond, M.; Roca, A. L.; Hupe, K.; Johnson, W. E.; Geffen, E.; Harley, E. H.; Delibes, M.; Pontier, D.; Kitchener, A. C.; Yamaguchi, N.; O'Brien, S. J.; Macdonald, D. W. (2007), "The Near Eastern Origin of Cat Domestication", Science 317: 519–523, doi:10.1126/science.1139518, PMID 17600185 .
  10. ^ "Oldest Known Pet Cat? 9,500-Year-Old Burial Found on Cyprus". National Geographic News. 2004-04-08. Retrieved 2007-03-06. 
  11. ^ Muir, Hazel (2004-04-08). "Oldest Known Pet Cat? 9,500-Year-Old Burial Found on Cyprus". New Scientist. Retrieved 2007-11-23. 
  12. ^ Walton, Marsha (April 9, 2004). "Ancient burial looks like human and pet cat". CNN. Retrieved 2007-11-23. 
  13. ^ West B., Zhou B-X. (1989). "Did chickens go north? New evidence for domestication" (PDF). World’s Poultry Science Journal 45 (3): 205–18. doi:10.1079/WPS19890012. 
  14. ^ History of the Guinea Pig (Cavia porcellus) in South America, a summary of the current state of knowledge
  15. ^ Beja-Pereira, Albano, et al. (18 June 2004). "African Origins of the Domestic Donkey". Science 304 (1781). doi:10.1126/science.1096008. PMID 15205528. [New Scientist Lay summary]. 
  16. ^ Roger Blench, The history and spread of donkeys in Africa PDF (235 KB)
  17. ^ The Domestication of the Horse; see also Domestication of the horse
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  19. ^ Guinea Fowl
  20. ^ Glover, James. "The Ancestry Of The Domestic Ferret". Retrieved 2006-09-12. 
  21. ^ Interesting Rabbit Domestication History
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