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A dominant minority is a minority group that has overwhelming political, economic or cultural dominance in a country despite representing a small fraction of the overall population (a demographic minority). Dominant minority is also known as alien elites if they are recent immigrants.
- Forward caste in India
- Muhajirs (Urdu-speakers) in Pakistan
- Ahom Tribe in erstwhile Ahom Kingdom now modern-day Assam, India 
- Americo-Liberians in Liberia 
- Arab Alawites in Syria
- Greeks in Ptolemaic Egypt
- Greeks in Alexandrian Empire
- Greeks in Seleucid Empire
- Manchurians in the Qing Dynasty, China
- Mongolians in the Yuan Dynasty, China
- Mainland Chinese in Taiwan (Republic of China) during the martial law period
- Chagatai in the Mughal Empire, India
- Vikings in early Ancient Rus
- Norman Franks in the Norman Dynasty of England
- Indian Muslims in Islamic Empires in India during the Muslim conquest in the Indian subcontinent
- Austrians in the Austrian Empire
- Austrians and Hungarians in Austria-Hungary
- Turks in the Ottoman Greece
- Germans in the Baltic States during the Russian Empire
- The Protestant Ascendancy in British-ruled Ireland
- White South Africans in apartheid South Africa
- Afro-Guyanese in Guyana
- White Namibians in South-West Africa (modern-day Namibia)
- White Zimbabweans in Rhodesia (modern-day Zimbabwe)
- Arabs in the Zanzibar Sultanate
- Lebanese Christians before the Lebanese Civil War
- Dutch and Indo people in the Dutch East Indies (modern-day Indonesia)
- Anglo-Burmese, Burmese Indians, Chinese Burmese and Burmese Christians in British Burma (modern-day Myanmar)
- Pieds-Noirs in French Algeria
- Japanese in the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo
- Catholics in French colonial Vietnam then divided as the three separate protectorates of Cochinchina, Annam and Tonkin
- Catholics in South Vietnam
- Walloons in Belgium before World War II
- Sudanese Arabs in Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (modern-day Sudan and South Sudan)
- English speakers in Quebec before the 1960s
- Arab Sunni Muslims in Saddam Hussein-era Iraq
- Middleman minority
- Model minority
- World on Fire, a book that introduces the concept of "market-dominant minority"
- Yasmin Saikia. Fragmented Memories.
- President William V. S. Tubman, 1944 - 1971.
- U.S. Department of State. U.S. Relations With Liberia.
- Nicole Itano. For Liberians, old ties to US linger.
- Oded Haklai. A minority rule over ahostile majority: The case of Syria.
- Barzilai, Gad. Communities and Law: Politics and Cultures of Legal Identities (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2003). ISBN 978-0-472-03079-8
- Gibson, Richard. African Liberation Movements: Contemporary Struggles against White Minority Rule (Institute of Race Relations: Oxford University Press, London, 1972). ISBN 0-19-218402-4
- Russell, Margo and Martin. Afrikaners of the Kalahari: White Minority in a Black State ( Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1979). ISBN 0-521-21897-7
- Johnson, Howard and Watson, Karl (eds.). The white minority in the Caribbean (Wiener Publishing, Princeton, NJ, 1998). ISBN 976-8123-10-9, ISBN 1-55876-161-6
- Chua, Amy. World on Fire: How Exporting Free Market Democracy Breeds Ethnic Hatred and Global Instability (Doubleday, New York, 2003). ISBN 0-385-50302-4
- Haviland, William. Cultural Anthropology. (Vermont: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers, 1993). p. 250-252. ISBN 0-15-508550-6.