Domingo Ghirardelli

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A selection of Ghirardelli's chocolate in the flagship shop at Ghirardelli Square in San Francisco, California
An old delivery carriage with Ghirardelli's name on it

Domenico "Domingo" Ghirardelli, Sr. (1817–1894) was the founder of the Ghirardelli Chocolate Company in San Francisco, California. He was born in Rapallo, Italy and was the son and apprentice of a chocolatier.

At about the age of 20, in 1837 Ghirardelli moved to Uruguay, then in 1838 to Lima, Peru, and established a confectionery, and began using the Spanish equivalent of his Italian name, Domingo. In 1849 he moved to California on the recommendation of his former neighbor, James Lick, who had brought 600 pounds of chocolate with him to San Francisco in 1848. Caught up in the California Gold Rush, Ghirardelli spent a few months in the gold fields near Sonora and Jamestown, before deciding to become a merchant in Hornitos, California.[1] In 1852, he moved to San Francisco and established the Ghirardelli Chocolate Company at what would come to be known as Ghirardelli Square. According to the San Francisco Chronicle he is San Francisco's most successful chocolatier.[2]

His first wife was Elisabetta and they had Angela Ghirardelli and Domenico Ghirardelli jr. When he lost his first wife he married Carmen (1830–?) from Peru. They had the following children: Joseph Ghirardelli (1854–?); Elvira Ghirardelli (1856–?); Louis Ghirardelli (1858–?); Eugene Ghirardelli (1862–?).[citation needed]

Around the year 1865, a worker at the Ghirardelli factory discovered that by hanging a bag of ground cacao beans in a warm room, the cocoa butter would drip off, leaving behind a residue that could then be converted into ground chocolate. This technique, known as the Broma process is now the most common method used for the production of chocolate.[3]

Domingo Ghirardelli died in 1894 while on a trip to his birthplace in Italy. He was buried in Mountain View Cemetery in Oakland, California.[2]


  1. ^ "Hornitos". Ghost Towns, Abandoned Villages, and Historical Sites in the United States and Canada. Retrieved 2007-07-08. 
  2. ^ a b SF Chronicle, July 25, 2010. "Where to Find Celebrities' Resting Places" by Charlie Wells
  3. ^ "Ghirardelli". The Ghirardelli Story - A Rich Heritage. Retrieved 2009-01-10.