|Sir Dominic Corrigan, Bt|
Thomas Street Dublin
|Died||1 February 1880
Merrion Square, Dublin
|Institutions||Sick Poor Institute, Dublin, Jervis Street Hospital, Dublin, House of Industry Hospitals|
|Alma mater||St. Patrick's College, Maynooth, University of Edinburgh|
|Known for||aortic valve insufficiency, Corrigan's pulse|
Sir Dominic John Corrigan, 1st Baronet (2 December 1802 – 1 February 1880), was an Irish physician, known for his original observations in heart disease. The abnormal "collapsing" pulse of aortic valve insufficiency is named Corrigan's pulse after him.
Birth and education
Corrigan was born in Thomas Street, Dublin, the son of a dealer in agricultural tools. He was educated in St. Patrick's College, Maynooth, which then had a department for secular students apart from the ecclesiastical seminary. He was attracted to the study of medicine by the physician in attendance, and spent several years as apprentice to the local doctor, Edward Talbot O'Kelly. Corrigan studied medicine in Dublin between 1820 and 1825, before going to Edinburgh where he received his degree as M.D. in August 1825.
Corrigan returned to Dublin in 1825 and set up a private practice at 11 Ormond Street, as his practice grew he moved to 12 Bachelors Walk in 1832, and in 1837 to 4 Merrion Square West. Apart from his private practice, Corrigan held many public appointments; he was physician to Maynooth College, the Sick Poor Institute, the Charitable Infirmary Jervis Street (1830–43) and the House of Industry Hospitals (1840–1866). His work with many of Dublin’s poorest inhabitants led to him specialising in diseases of the heart and lungs, and he lectured and published extensively on the subject. He was known as a very hard-working physician, especially during the Irish Potato Famine. At a by-election in 1870 Corrigan was elected a Liberal Member of Parliament for Dublin. In parliament he actively campaigned for reforms to education in Ireland and the early release of Fenian prisoners. He did not stand for re-election in 1874; his support for temperance and Sunday closing (of pubs) is thought to have antagonised his constituents and alcohol companies.
In 1847 Corrigan was appoint physician-in-ordinary to the Queen in Ireland. Two years later he was given an honorary MD from Trinity College. In 1846 Corrigan’s application to become a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland was blocked. In 1855 he got around this opposition by sitting the college’s entrance exam with the newly qualified doctors. He became a fellow in 1856, and in 1859 was elected president, the first Catholic to hold the position; he was re-elected president an unprecedented four times. There is a statue of Corrigan in the Graves’ Hall of the College by John Henry Foley.
He was President of the Royal Zoological Society of Dublin, the Dublin Pathological Society, and the Dublin Pharmaceutical Society. From the 1840s he was a member of the senate of the Queen's University and in 1871 became its vice-chancellor. In 1866 he was created a baronet, of Cappagh and Inniscorrig in the County of Dublin and of Merrion Square in the City of Dublin, partly as a reward for his services as Commissioner of Education for many years. He was a member of the board of Glasnevin Cemetery and a member of the Daniel O’Connell Memorial Committee. Armand Trousseau, the French clinician, proposed that aortic heart disease should be called Corrigan's disease.
Family and death
Corrigan married Joanna Woodlock, the daughter of a wealthy merchant, in 1827. They had six children, three girls and three boys. Corrigan’s eldest son, John, died in 1866, but his grandson succeeded him to the baronetcy. Corrigan died at Merrion Square, Dublin, on February 1, 1880, having suffered a stroke the previous December, and is buried in the crypt of St. Andrews Church on Westland Row, Dublin.
- Eoin O'Brien, Conscience and Conflict. Sir Dominic Corrigan 1802-1880. (Dublin, 1983)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Sir Dominic Corrigan Statue 1869 - HISTORY HEROES AND VILLAINS John Henry Foley, RA (1818 - 1874)
- The London Gazette: . 30 January 1866.
- Chapter XIV - Chapters of Dublin History
- Sir Domnic Corrigan, Discover Ireland website
- R. A. L. Agnew (July 1, 1965). "THE ACHIEVEMENT OF DOMINIC JOHN CORRIGAN". Medical History 9 (3): 230–240. PMC 1033503. PMID 14321566.
- Berry, Diana (September 2006). "History of medicine: Sir Dominic Corrigan, MD". Circulation (United States) 114 (10): f140. PMID 16955551.
- Taylor, Mark (December 2003). "Acting the part. As HHS' interim IG, Corrigan says she's able to use every skill she's ever developed in her leading role". Modern healthcare (United States) 33 (48): 33–4. ISSN 0160-7480. PMID 14666842.
- Ventura, Hector O (2003). "History of heart failure". Congestive heart failure (Greenwich, Conn.) (United States) 9 (5): 293. doi:10.1111/j.1527-5299.2003.02205.x. ISSN 1527-5299. PMID 14564149.
- Stone, J (August 1986). "Sir Dominic John Corrigan". Clinical cardiology (UNITED STATES) 9 (8): 403–6. doi:10.1002/clc.4960090809. ISSN 0160-9289. PMID 3524937.
- O'Brien, E (1984). "Sir Dominic Corrigan (1802-1880): doctor and parliamentarian". Studies (Unknown) 73 (290): 146–58. ISSN 0039-3495. PMID 11636081.
- O'Brien, E T (February 1981). "The man behind the eponym: Sir Dominic John Corrigan (1802--1880)". N. Engl. J. Med. (UNITED STATES) 304 (6): 365–6. doi:10.1056/NEJM198102053040629. ISSN 0028-4793. PMID 7003395.
- O'Brien, E (1980). "The Lancet maketh the man? Sir Dominic John Corrigan (1802--80)". Lancet (ENGLAND) 2 (8208–8209): 1356–7. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(80)92414-9. ISSN 0140-6736. PMID 6109167.
- O'Brien, Eoin, Conscience and Conflict. Sir Dominic Corrigan 1802-1880 (Glendale Press, Dublin, 1983)
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Walsh, James J. (1913). "Sir Dominic Corrigan". In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company. Cites:
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Dublin
with Jonathan Pim
|Baronetage of the United Kingdom|
(of Cappagh, Inniscorrig and Merrion Square)
John Joseph Corrigan