Dominican Party

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Dominican Party
Leader Rafael Leónidas Trujillo
Founder Rafael Leónidas Trujillo
Founded 2 August 1931
Dissolved 1961
Headquarters Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
Ideology Dominican nationalism
Trujillo personalism
Authoritarianism
National conservatism
Political position Right-wing
Far-right
Political parties

The Dominican Party (Spanish: Partido Dominicano, PD) was the de facto only political party in the Dominican Republic during the autocratic rule of Rafael Trujillo, who controlled the country from 1930 to 1961. Its symbol was a palm tree.

History[edit]

The Dominican Party was founded on 2 August 1931, a year after Trujillo came to power. Soon afterward, it was proclaimed to be the only legal party.

On 16 August 1935, HIN radio station, "The Voice of the Dominican Party" was opened. It was dedicated to serving as media propagator of the activities of the Dominican Party.

It can be observed, viewing the insignia of the Party, that its motto coincided with the initials of Trujillo's name

Rectitud (Righteousness) = Rafael.

Libertad (Freedom) = Leonidas.

Trabajo (Work) = Trujillo.

(RLT) - Rafael Leonidas Trujillo.

Later he added: Moralidad (Morality) = Molina.

Officially, Trujillo was only president from 1930 until 1938 and from 1942 until 1952, and Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1953 until 1961. However, for 30 years he held the real power as leader of the Dominican Party and Generalissimo of the Dominican Army. In these roles, he was able to see to it that when he was not actually president, the post was held by family members or politicians allied to him: Jacinto Peynado (President from 1938 until 1940), Manuel de Jesús Troncoso de la Concha (President from 1940 until 1942), his brother Hector (President from 1952 until 1960) and Joaquín Balaguer (took office as president in 1960; was president at the time of Trujillo's death).

All Dominican citizens had to belong to this party and needed to carry what were called "Los tres golpes", (three strikes):

  • Personal Identity Card
  • Compulsory Military Service Card
  • Dominican Party Membership Card, popularly known as "La Palmita"

Individuals without these certifications could be arrested by the police and incarcerated for a period of perhaps 6 months[citation needed].

10% of the salaries of public employees was delivered to the Dominican Party.

The party was disbanded shortly after Trujillo's assassination in 1961[citation needed].

At various times, Trujillo allowed other political parties to coexist. However, this was done only to impress foreign observers that democratization was progressing, and to allow Trujillo to monitor opponents.[1]

Election results[edit]

Presidential Elections[edit]

Election date Party candidate Number of votes received Percentage of votes
1934 Rafael Trujillo 256,423 100%
1938 Jacinto Peynado 319,680 100%
1942 Rafael Trujillo 581,937 100%
1947 Rafael Trujillo 781,389 93%
1952 Héctor Trujillo 1,098,816 100%
1957 Héctor Trujillo 1,265,681 100%

Parliamentary Elections[edit]

Election date Party leader Number of votes received Percentage of votes Number of deputies Number of senators
1934 Rafael Trujillo 256,423 100% 31 12
1938 Rafael Trujillo 319,680 100% Unknown 13
1942 Rafael Trujillo 581,937 100% 35 16
1947 Rafael Trujillo 781,389 93% 45 19
1952 Rafael Trujillo 1,098,816 100% 50 22
1957 Rafael Trujillo 1,265,681 100% 58 23

References[edit]

  1. ^ Crassweller RD. Trujillo. The Life and Times of a Caribbean Dictator. The MacMillan Co, New York (1966). p. 375. 

Sources[edit]

  • La Enciclopedia Dominicana En Linea