Dominican Republic general election, 1978

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politics and government of
the Dominican Republic

General elections were held in the Dominican Republic on 16 May 1978.[1] Following diplomatic pressure from American President Jimmy Carter, the elections were free and competitive and contested by all political parties, unlike the previous elections in the 1970s.[2] Antonio Guzmán Fernández won the presidential election, whilst his Dominican Revolutionary Party (which had not contested the 1970 and 1974 elections) won the Congressional elections. Voter turnout was 75.8%.[3]

However, following the election the Army attempted a coup and interrupted the vote count.[2][4] Whilst American pressure allowed Guzmán to assume the presidency, the Central Elections Authority redistributed the uncast votes equally between the PRD and the Reformist Party, diminishing the PRD's majority in Congress.[2]

Results[edit]

President[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Antonio Guzmán Fernández Dominican Revolutionary Party 866,912 52.4
Joaquín Balaguer Reformist Party 711,878 43.0
Francisco Lora Movement of Democratic Integration 27,095 1.6
Juan Bosch Dominican Liberation Party 18,375 1.1
Narciso Isa Conde Dominican Communist Party 9,828 0.6
Alfonso Lockward Social Christian Revolutionary Party 7,981 0.5
Luis Julián Pérez National Salvation Movement 7,782 0.5
Luis Homero Lajara Burgos Popular Democratic Party 5,956 0.4
Invalid/blank votes 85,530 -
Total 1,741,337 100
Source: Nohlen

Congress[edit]

Party Votes % House Senate
Seats +/- Seats +/-
Dominican Revolutionary Party 838,973 50.1 48 New 16 New
Reformist Party 692,146 42.1 43 -32 11 -12
Dominican Liberation Party 18,565 1.1 0 New 0 New
Movement of Democratic Integration 13,317 0.8 0 New 0 New
National Civic Union 13,316 0.8 0 New 0 New
Social Democratic Alliance 11,056 0.7 0 New 0 New
Dominican Communist Party 10,751 0.7 0 New 0 New
Movement of National Reconciliation 7,743 0.5 0 New 0 New
National Salvation Movement 7,727 0.5 0 New 0 New
Democratic Quisqueyano Party 5,984 0.4 0 New 0 New
Popular Democratic Party 5,667 0.3 0 -3 0 0
Movimento Popular Justicialista 9,226 0.6 0 New 0 New
Movimento Revolucionario del Pueblo 0 New 0 New
Movimento Municipal del Pueblo 0 -1 0 0
Movimento Restaurador Santuagúes 0 New 0 New
Movimento Unión Provincial Independiente 0 New 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 85,530 - - - - -
Total 1,731,095 100 91 0 27 0
Source: Nohlen

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p247 ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6
  2. ^ a b c Nohlen, p241
  3. ^ Nohlen, p248
  4. ^ Dominican Republic Inter-Parliamentary Union