Dominique Marie Varlet
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Dominique-Marie Varlet (15 March 1678, Paris - 14 May 1742, Rijswijk) was a French Catholic bishop who caused a schism with the Roman Catholic Church. He had a Doctorate in Theology from the Sorbonne and was ordained in 1706, and exercised his ministry first in parishes around Paris.
After a stint in the seminary of Foreign Missions of Paris, he went to North America to evangelize the Indians of New France from 1713 to 1718. On a visit to Quebec in 1718, he was recalled to France by the hierarchy, named Bishop Coadjutor of M Gr Pidou Louis-Marie de Saint-Olon (1637–1712), Bishop Titular of Babylon and consecrated in Paris on February 19, 1719 by Jacques de Goyon Matignon, Bishop Emeritus of Condom.
He went to Persia, stopping in Amsterdam where he learned that the episcopal of Utrecht was vacant, because the Pope had refused the candidate proposed by the Cathedral Chapter of Utrecht, with Canon Cornelius Steenoven suspected of Jansenism.
Varlet agreed to confirm several hundred people then he left for his bishopric in Babylon. He then moved to Shamaké (now in Azerbaijan). On 26 March 1720, he learned that Rome had suspended him from duty on 7 May 1719, following confirmation that he had ministered in Holland.
He left for Europe, trying in vain to lift the ban. He took refuge in the Netherlands. He consecrated, against the orders of the Pope, a succession of bishops as the head of Utrecht: Steenoven, in 1724, Cornelius John Barchman in 1733, Theodore van der Croon, and in 1739, Pierre John Meindartz.
Varlet and the elected bishops consecrated by him and their followers were excommunicated as schismatics: This schism marked the birth of the Old Catholic Church, which collected many opponents to Unigenitus.