Domitius Modestus

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Domitius Modestus (floruit 358-377) was a politician of the Roman Empire.

Life[edit]

Of Arab origin, Modestus was comes Orientis from 358 to 362, succeeding to Nebridius and serving under the Emperors Constantius II and Julian. In 359 he was the president of a commission at Scythopolis, and in this office he judged with cruelty the defendants.

While he was in Antioch, Julian appointed Modestus as praefectus urbi of Constantinople, an office he held from 362 to 363.

Under Emperor Valens he was Praetorian prefect of the East (369-377) and consul in 372. During his office as Praetorian prefect he completed the building of the Cisterna Modestiaca (a cistern identified with Sarrâdshchane), whose building was begun by architect Helpidius in 363, while Modestus was praefectus urbi.

In 371 was appointed as president of a commission that was to judge some high officers who had been accused of practicing magic, in particular of having consulted a soothsayer to learn the name of the successor of Emperor Valens. Modestus acted very cruelly, torturing innocent people, thus extorting confessions from them. His consulate, the following year, was probably a reward for his handling of the process.

Despite the fact that he was strongly connected with the pagan officers and had been a pagan under the pagan Emperor Julian, under Valens he converted to Arianism, the Emperor's religion. Valens sent Modestus to meet the Nicene bishop Basil of Caesarea, to mediate between the two opposing Christian faiths, but Basil refused. Modestus was then ordered by Valens to use violence against the bishop, but he did not.

He is the addressee of 37 letters by Libanius.

Sources[edit]

Preceded by
Flavius Gratianus Augustus II,
Sextus Claudius Petronius Probus
Consul of the Roman Empire
372
with Flavius Arinthaeus
Succeeded by
Flavius Valentinianus Augustus IV,
Flavius Iulius Valens Augustus IV
Preceded by
Salutius
Praetorian prefect of the East
369–377
Succeeded by
Maternus Cynegius
Preceded by
Honoratus
Praefectus urbi of Constantinople
362–363
Succeeded by
Jovius
Preceded by
Nebridius
Comes Orientis
358–362
Succeeded by
Iulianus