Domodedovo International Airport
|Moscow Domodedovo Airport
Московский аэропорт Домодедово
|IATA: DME – ICAO: UUDD|
|Owner/Operator||East Line Group|
|Elevation AMSL||588 ft / 179 m|
|Number of passengers||28,000,000|
Moscow Domodedovo Airport or Domodedovo International Airport (Russian: Московский аэропорт Домоде́дово; IPA: [dəmɐˈdʲedəvə]) (IATA: DME, ICAO: UUDD) is an international airport located on the territory of Domodedovo Town Under Oblast Jurisdiction, Moscow Oblast, Russia, 42 kilometres (26 mi) south-southeast of the centre of Moscow. Domodedovo is the largest airport in Russia in terms of passenger and cargo traffic (22.25 million passengers used the airport in 2010, which is a 19.2% increase over 2009), and is one of the three major Moscow airports along with Sheremetyevo and Vnukovo.
In 2003, the airport began an expansion program designed to obtain approval for wide-body aircraft operations. The runway, taxiways and parking areas were enlarged and strengthened. In March 2009 it was announced that the approval had been granted, making Domodedovo Airport the first in Russia approved for new large aircraft (NLA) operations such as the Airbus A380. The approval signifies that its operations areas comply with size and strength requirements of ICAO Category F standards. The airport has ILS category III A status.
The airport is named after the town of Domodedovo, on the territory of which it is located.
Services from Domodedovo began in March 1964 with a flight to Sverdlovsk using a Tupolev 104. The airport, intended to handle the growth of long-distance domestic traffic in the Soviet Union, was officially opened in May 1965. A second runway, parallel to the existing one, was put into service 18 months after the opening of the airport. On 26 December 1975, Domodedovo Airport was selected for the inaugural flight of Tupolev Tu-144 to Alma Ata.
In 1993–1994, East Line Group, founded by Dmitry Kamenshik, who build capital in the early 1990s on hauling cargo from Asian countries to Russia, invested in several facilities at Domodedovo, including a new customs terminal and catering services. In late 1996, Kamenshik-led East Line Group privatized the terminal facilities of Domodedovo Airport and formed JSC 'International Airport Domodedovo' and several other commercial entities controlling the airfield operations at the airport. Since 1998, the runways, air traffic control and communication facilities are formally on a lease to the subsidiary of East Line Group. Later, in 2005 and 2008, the legality of these deals with East Line Group was contested by the Russian Rosimushchestvo government agency supervising the state property.
East Line's strategic goal to stabilize the airport's future and to establish Domodedovo as an important international and multi-modal transportation hub was gradually achieved throughout the 2000s (decade). In the 2000s (decade), East Line Group began to heavily invest in reconstruction and modernization of the outdated airport facilities. By 2009, the terminal floor space was expanded to 135,000 sq. meters from 70,000 sq. meters in 2004. The renovated terminal and airport facilities allowed the owners of the airport to attract British Airways, El Al, Swiss International Air Lines, Japan Airlines, Austrian Airlines, and Vietnam Airlines who moved their flights from another major international Moscow airport, Sheremetyevo Airport, to Domodedovo. They were followed by Emirates, Brussels Airlines, Thai Airways International, Singapore Airlines, Qatar Airways, Royal Jordanian and Lufthansa. Aeroflot also moved certain cargo operations to Domodedovo. The airport became the hub for some of Russia's major airlines like S7 Airlines and Transaero, which is now the main tenant in the airport. Domodedovo topped Sheremetyevo Airport in terms of passenger traffic becoming the busiest airport in Russia. By 2010, the traffic at Domodedovo spiked to over 22 million passengers per year from 2.8 million in 2000.
Domodedovo is Russia's first airport to have parallel runways operating simultaneously. Since the air traffic control tower was redeveloped in 2003, Domodedovo can control over 70 take-offs and landings an hour. By late 1st decade of the 21st century, the airport had five business lounges, set up by individual airlines.
Domodedovo Airport has been the focus of two terrorist-related incidents. In 2004, Muslim suicide bombers managed to pass airport security and get aboard of two passenger planes and then carry out the bombings after departure from Domodedovo. Despite the heightened security measures taken after this incident, another suicide bomber attack occurred on 24 January 2011, when an Islamist militant entered the terminal building and detonated a bomb in the arrival hall. As a result, mandatory screening and pat-down practices have been introduced at the airport terminal entrances.
The identity of East Line's owners controlling the operations at Domodedovo Airport was vague with traces leading to offshore companies. However, in May 2011, Dmitry Kamenshik was disclosed to be the main beneficiary of East Line's assets. At that time, Domodedovo Airport contemplated IPO, however these plans were scrapped.
The airport has a railway station with service to the Paveletsky Rail Terminal in central Moscow. Rail connection is provided by non-stop Aeroexpress trains (takes 45 min; coach class costs 320 rubles, business class costs 700 rubles), as well as by regular suburban commuter trains of Paveletsky suburban direction of Moscow Railway (takes 65 to 70 min and costs 99 rubles).
The airport has several long and short term parking lots. The terminal itself is accessed from the junction of Moscow Ring Road and Kashirskoye Highway via a designated 14-mile-long four-lane freeway. Licensed taxi, limo services and car rental (Hertz, Avis and Sixt) providers are available at the counters of the arrival hall.
Domodedovo Airport has one terminal building comprising two separate concourses for domestic (and some former Soviet republic countries) and international flights, respectively. It has 22 jetways altogether.
As of November 2011, new concourse extensions adjacent to the current terminal building are under construction. The construction is projected to increase the overall size of the passenger terminal to 225,000 m2. The extensions are scheduled to open in stages in 2012 and 2013. All concourses will remain connected and planned to increase the efficiency of the airport operations and passenger connections by using ICAO and IATA transfer technologies.
Airbus A380 future operators 
Emirates is the only airline which operates the Airbus A380 to Moscow from Dubai, which launched on 1 December 2012.
Plans are also in discussion for hub airline Transaero, which has argued to get 4 Airbus A380 by 2015. All A380 flights will depart from the new concourse. East Line Group has installed double-level passenger bridges, and acquired specialist ground-support vehicles, to support A380 operations.
Apart from Domodedovo, Sheremetyevo and Vnukovo airports are also becoming ready for A380 services. Sheremetyevo is about to finish the special A380 parking for Aeroflot's future regular flights and other abroad services. Vnukovo didn't build any special parkings or gates for A380 as Sheremetyevo or Domodedovo, but it accepted the Lufthansa's A380 flight from Frankfurt as 40-year celebration of Lufthansa's appearance in Moscow.
Airlines and destinations 
Other images 
Aeroexpress station (rail).
Other facilities 
The head office of Transaero is located on the airport property. Russian Sky Airlines has its head office on the airport property. When Domodedovo Airlines existed, its head office was on the airport property.
Incidents and accidents 
- On 5 December 1999, a cargo version of the Ilyushin Il-114 suffered a crash during testing at Domodedovo, killing five and injuring two.
- In August 2004, two female Chechen suicide-bombers were responsible for a serious security breach at the airport which destroyed two planes (Volga-AviaExpress Flight 1303 and Siberia Airlines Flight 1047) and killed 90 passengers (Russian aircraft bombings of August 2004). Since that time East Line has instigated a new security policy and has spent $20 million on security and detection equipment, which has been installed at the airport. Some of the new security equipment included full body scanners on all checkpoints to the departure hall, making Domodedovo one of the first airports in the world to use this technology.
- On 22 March 2010, a Russian Tu-204 Aviastar-TU jet, which originated from Hurghada in Egypt, crashed in a forest while trying to land at Domodedovo. There were no fatalities reported, however four of the crew were seriously injured.
- On 4 December 2010, South East Airlines Flight 372 made an emergency landing at Domodedovo, killing two people and injuring 56.
- On 25 December 2010, freezing rain caused widespread power outages in Moscow and suburbs, including Domodedovo. The power lines feeding Domodedovo Airport and the railroad link were severed resulting in the shutdown of the terminal for several hours and the spike in taxi cab fares.
- On 24 January 2011, an explosion caused by a suicide bomber killed 37 people and injured 173 people.
See also 
- Airport information for UUDD at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
- Airport information for DME at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
- "Moscow Domodedovo International airport (Russia, Moscow) (DME)" (Press release). domodedovo.ru.
- Heavy Metal, Aviation Week & Space Technology, 70, 10 (9 March 2009), p. 14
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- "Simultaneous parallel departures for the first time ever in Russia".
- (Russian)"Генеральной прокуратурой Российской Федерации по поручению Президента Российской Федерации проведена проверка организаций, занимающихся аэропортовой деятельностью в "Домодедово"". Office of the Prosecutor General of Russian Federation. 30 April 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011.
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- "Contact us." Transaero Airlines. Retrieved on 21 June 2010. "JSC "Transaero Airlines", Domodedovo airport, Domodedovskiy District, Moscow region, 142015, Russia." – "Связь с нами." – Address in Russian: "142015, Россия, Московская область, Домодедовский район, аэропорт «Домодедово», ОАО «АК «Трансаэро»"
- "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 23–29 March 2004. 66. "East Line Airlines Domodedovo Airport, Domodedovsky district, Moscow"
- "Domodedovo Airlines homepage". Archived from the original on 17 April 2004. Retrieved 6 November 2010. "145015, Moscow region, Domodedovo district, airport Domodedovo, Joint Stock Company Domodedovo Airlines" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 5 April 2004.
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- "Two killed as plane makes emergency landing in Russia". AFP. 4 December 2010. Retrieved 4 December.
- "В аэропорту "Домодедово" отключили электричество (Domodedovo Airport is blacked out)". Lenta.ru. 26 December 2010. Retrieved 26 December 2010.
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- "Suspected suicide bomb kills 31 at Moscow airport". Radio France Internationale. 24 January 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2011.
- Отдел информации,"Теракт в "Домодедово": 31 погибший, 136 раненых", утро(morning) newspaper,24 January 2011, 16:53. (Russian)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Domodedovo International Airport|
- Domodedovo International Airport Homepage (English) (Russian)
- Aeroexpress service (English) (Russian)
- Current weather for UUDD at NOAA/NWS
- Accident history for DME at Aviation Safety Network