Domodedovo International Airport

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Moscow Domodedovo Airport
Московский аэропорт Домодедово
Moscow Domodedovo Airport logo.jpg
Domodedovo International Airport aerial view.jpg
Aerial view of Domodedovo Airport
IATA: DMEICAO: UUDD
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner/Operator East Line Group
Serves Moscow, Russia
Location Domodedovo
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 179 m / 588 ft
Coordinates 55°24′31″N 37°54′22″E / 55.40861°N 37.90611°E / 55.40861; 37.90611Coordinates: 55°24′31″N 37°54′22″E / 55.40861°N 37.90611°E / 55.40861; 37.90611
Website www.domodedovo.ru
Map
UUDD is located in Moscow Oblast
UUDD
UUDD
Location in Moscow Oblast
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
14C/32C
(Former)
2,600 8,531 Concrete
14L/32R 3,800 12,467 Reinforced concrete
14R/32L 3,500 11,483 Reinforced concrete
Statistics (2013)
Number of passengers 30,760,000
Aircraft movements 253,500
Sources: DAFIF,[1][2][3]

Moscow Domodedovo Airport or Domodedovo International Airport (Russian: Московский аэропорт Домоде́дово; IPA: [dəmɐˈdʲedəvə]) (IATA: DMEICAO: UUDD) is an international airport located on the territory of Domodedovo, Moscow Oblast, Russia, 42 kilometres (26 mi) south-southeast from the centre of Moscow. Domodedovo is the largest airport in Russia and the former USSR in terms of passenger and cargo traffic (30.76 million passengers used the airport in 2013, which is a 9.2% increase from 2012),[4] and is one of the three major Moscow airports along with Sheremetyevo and Vnukovo.

History[edit]

The airport is named after the town of Domodedovo, on the territory of which it is located.

Services from Domodedovo began in March 1964 with a flight to Sverdlovsk using a Tupolev 104. The airport, intended to handle the growth of long-distance domestic traffic in the Soviet Union, was officially opened in May 1965. A second runway, parallel to the existing one, was put into service 18 months after the opening of the airport. On 26 December 1975, Domodedovo Airport was selected for the inaugural flight of the Tupolev Tu-144 to Alma Ata.

Domodedovo's terminal as it appeared in June 1974

In 1993–1994, East Line Group, founded by Urals entrepreneurs Anton Bakov and Dmitry Kamenschik,[5] who built capital in the early 1990s on hauling cargo from Asian countries to Russia, invested in several facilities at Domodedovo, including a new customs terminal and catering services.[6] In late 1996, Kamenschik-led East Line Group privatized the terminal facilities of Domodedovo Airport and formed JSC 'International Airport Domodedovo' and several other commercial entities controlling the airfield operations at the airport. Since 1998, the runways, air traffic control, and communication facilities are formally on a lease to the subsidiary of East Line Group. Later, in 2005 and 2008, the legality of these deals with East Line Group was contested by the Russian Rosimushchestvo government agency supervising the state property.[7]

East Line's strategic goal to stabilize the airport's future and to establish Domodedovo as an important international and multi-modal transportation hub was gradually achieved throughout the 2000s (decade). In the 2000s (decade), East Line Group began to heavily invest in reconstruction and modernization of the outdated airport facilities. By 2009, the terminal floor space was expanded to 135,000 sq. meters from 70,000 sq. meters in 2004. The renovated terminal and airport facilities allowed the owners of the airport to attract British Airways, El Al, Swiss International Air Lines, Japan Airlines, Austrian Airlines, and Vietnam Airlines who moved their flights from another major international Moscow airport, Sheremetyevo Airport, to Domodedovo. They were followed by Emirates, Brussels Airlines, Thai Airways, Singapore Airlines, Qatar Airways, Royal Jordanian, and Lufthansa. Aeroflot also moved certain cargo operations to Domodedovo. The airport became the hub for some of Russia's major airlines like S7 Airlines and Transaero, which is now the main tenant in the airport. Domodedovo topped Sheremetyevo Airport in terms of passenger traffic becoming the busiest airport in Russia. By 2010, the traffic at Domodedovo spiked to over 22 million passengers per year from 2.8 million in 2000.[8]

Domodedovo is Russia's first airport to have parallel runways operating simultaneously.[9] Since the air traffic control tower was redeveloped in 2003, Domodedovo can control over 70 takeoffs and landings per hour. By late in the 1st decade of the 21st century, the airport had five business lounges set up by individual airlines.

Airbus A380 at Domodedovo International Airport, 16–17 October 2009. The first in Russia approved for NLA operations such as this type of aircraft size.

In 2003, the airport began an expansion program designed to obtain approval for wide-body aircraft operations. The runway, taxiways, and parking areas were enlarged and strengthened. In March 2009, it was announced that the approval had been granted, making Domodedovo Airport the first in Russia approved for new large aircraft (NLA) operations such as the Airbus A380. The approval signifies that its operations areas comply with size and strength requirements of ICAO Category F standards.[10] The airport has ILS category III A status.

Domodedovo Airport has been the focus of two terrorist-related incidents. In 2004, Muslim suicide bombers managed to pass airport security, board two passenger planes, and carry out the bombings after departure from Domodedovo. Despite the heightened security measures taken after this incident, another suicide bomber attack occurred on 24 January 2011, when an Islamist militant entered the terminal building and detonated a bomb in the arrival hall. As a result, mandatory screening and pat-down practices have been introduced at the airport terminal entrances.

The identity of East Line's owners controlling the operations at Domodedovo Airport was vague with traces leading to offshore companies.[11] However, in May 2011, Dmitry Kamenschik was disclosed to be the main beneficiary of East Line's assets.[12] At that time, Domodedovo Airport contemplated IPO,[13] however these plans were scrapped.[14]

Terminals[edit]

Domodedovo Airport has one terminal building comprising two separate concourses for domestic (and some former Soviet republic countries) and international flights, respectively. It has 22 jetways altogether.

As of November 2011, new concourse extensions adjacent to the current terminal building are under construction. The construction is projected to increase the overall size of the passenger terminal to 225,000 m2. The extensions are scheduled to open in stages in 2012 and 2013. When completed, the second segment of a new passenger terminal will be twice the size of Terminal 5 at London Heathrow – the equivalent of 61 football fields. It was designed by British company RMJM and uses the under-the-roof concept, which means that passengers from all flights will be serviced within a single terminal. One of Europe’s largest air hubs – Amsterdam’s Schiphol Airport – operates under this concept.[15] The complete construction ends by 2015. All concourses will remain connected and plan to increase the efficiency of the airport operations and passenger connections by using ICAO and IATA transfer technologies. Nowadays, the airport is full of multiple cultures, most dominant still being Russian, but African, British, Indian, and especially Arabic cultures have been commonly seen.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Transaero Boeing 777 takeoff from Domodedovo International Airport
S7 Airlines Boeing 737–800 landing at Domodedovo International Airport
Air Moldova Airbus A320 takeoff from Domodedovo International Airport
Japan Airlines Boeing 787 Dreamliner taxiing at Domodedovo International Airport
Uzbekistan Airways Boeing 767–300 landing at Domodedovo International Airport
Turan Air Tupolev Tu-154M at Domodedovo International Airport
S7 Airlines Boeing 737–800 taxiing at Domodedovo International Airport
Belavia Boeing 737–500 landing at Domodedovo International Airport
Air Bashkortostan Boeing 757–200 taxiing at Domodedovo International Airport
Polet Airlines Saab 2000 taxiing at Domodedovo International Airport
Alrosa Mirny Air Enterprise Tupolev Tu-154M landing at Domodedovo International Airport
Azerbaijan Airlines Boeing 757–200 taxiing at Domodedovo International Airport
Kolavia Airbus A320 at Domodedovo International Airport
Ural Airlines Airbus A321 landing at Domodedovo International Airport
Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aegean Airlines Athens, Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Corfu, Heraklion, Kalamata, Rhodes
A
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya
Seasonal: Nice[16] A
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya
Saint Petersburg B
Air Arabia Sharjah A
airBaltic Riga A
Air Berlin Berlin-Tegel, Düsseldorf A
Air Bishkek Bishkek, Osh A
Air India Delhi A
Air Malta Malta A
Air Moldova Chişinău A
Ak Bars Aero Bugulma, Cheboksary, Kazan, Kirov, Magnitogorsk, Nizhnekamsk, Nizhny Novgorod B
Alrosa Mirny Air Enterprise Mirny, Polyarny, Novosibirsk
Seasonal: Gelendzhik
B
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Vienna A
Astra Airlines Seasonal Charter: Thessaloniki A
Avia Traffic Company Bishkek, Osh A
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku A
Belavia Minsk-National B
Blu-express
operated by Blue Panorama Airlines
Bergamo (begins 15 March 2015),[17] Rome-Fiumicino A
British Airways London-Heathrow A
Brussels Airlines Brussels A
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong A
Dniproavia Dnipropetrovsk A
East Air Qurghonteppa A
easyJet London-Gatwick, Manchester A
EgyptAir Cairo A
El Al Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion A
Ellinair Athens (begins 25 April 2015), Thessaloniki[18]
Seasonal: Corfu, Heraklion (begins 28 April 2015), Kavala (begins 28 May 2015), Zakynthos (begins 29 April 2015)[19]
A
Emirates Dubai-International A
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi A
Gulf Air Bahrain[20] A
Iberia Madrid A
IrAero Omsk B
Israir Airlines Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion A
Izhavia Izhevsk, Kurgan B
Japan Airlines Tokyo-Narita A
Kyrgyzstan Air Company Bishkek, Osh A
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich A
Meridiana Seasonal: Cagliari,[21] Naples,[22] Olbia[21] A
Metrojet Qabala,[23] Simferopol
Charter: Burgas, Sharm el-Sheikh
A
Mistral Air Verona, Bari A
Montenegro Airlines Podgorica, Tivat A
Niki Vienna (ends 29 January 2015)[24] A
Nordavia Seasonal: Arkhangelsk, Murmansk B
NordStar Krasnoyarsk-Yemelyanovo, Norilsk B
Nouvelair Tunis A
Orenair Orenburg, Orsk, Vladikavkaz B
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen[25] A
Pegasus Asia
operated by Air Manas
Bishkek, Osh[26] A
Polet Airlines Voronezh, Belgorod, Ulyanovsk-Vostochny B
Pskovavia Pskov[27] B
Qatar Airways Doha A
Red Wings Airlines Anapa, Chelyabinsk, Kaliningrad, Krasnodar, Mineralnye Vody, Simferopol, Sochi, Ufa B
Royal Jordanian Amman-Queen Alia A
RusLine Seasonal: Ivalo, Palanga, Tromso A
RusLine Voronezh, Aktobe, Cheboksary, Elista, Belgorod, Grozny, Ivanovo, Izhevsk, Murmansk, Penza,[28] Petrozavodsk, Saransk, Sochi, Saint Petersburg, Ulyanovsk-Baratayevka, Vorkuta, B
S7 Airlines Alicante, Aşgabat, Baku, Burgas, Chişinău, Fergana,[29] Genoa, Helsinki (ends 13 January 2015),[30] Khujand, Kiev-Boryspil, Kulob, Larnaca,[31] Madrid, Munich, Odessa, Osh, Paphos,[31] Tbilisi, Tivat, Urgench, Varna, Verona, Yerevan
Seasonal: Batumi, Dublin, Dubrovnik, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Innsbruck, Palma de Mallorca, Plovdiv, Pula, Split, Valencia
A
S7 Airlines Abakan, Anapa, Astrakhan, Barnaul, Bratsk, Chelyabinsk, Chita, Gorno-Altaysk, Irkutsk, Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta, Kazan, Kemerovo, Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk-Yemelyanovo, Mineralnye Vody, Nizhnevartovsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Norilsk, Novokuznetsk, Novosibirsk, Novy Urengoy, Omsk, Oskemen, Pavlodar, Perm, Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Samara, Simferopol, Sochi, Stavropol, Tomsk, Tyumen, Ufa, Ulan-Ude, Vladikavkaz, Volgograd, Voronezh,[32] Yakutsk, Yekaterinburg B
Saravia Saratov B
SCAT Aktau, Aktobe, Oral,[33] Shymkent B
Severstal Air Company Cherepovets B
Singapore Airlines Houston-Intercontinental, Singapore A
Somon Air Dushanbe, Khujand[34] A
SriLankan Airlines Colombo A
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zürich A
Taban Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini A
Tajik Air Dushanbe, Khujand, Kulob, Qurghonteppa A
TAP Portugal Lisbon A
Thai Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi A
Transaero Airlines Antalya, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Berlin-Tegel, Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk, Dubai-International, Eilat-Ovda, Enfidha, Goa, Havana,[35] Heraklion, Hong Kong, Hurghada, Kiev-Zhulyany, Kuala Lumpur,[36] Larnaca, Milan-Malpensa, Odessa, Pardubice, Paris-Orly, Phuket, Punta Cana, Rome-Fiumicino, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tenerife-South, Vienna, Vilnius, Yerevan
Seasonal: Alicante, Dalaman, Funchal, Ho Chi Minh City
Charter: Colombo
A
Transaero Airlines Aktobe,[37] Almaty, Anadyr, Astana, Astrakhan, Blagoveshchensk, Bratsk,[38] Chita,[38] Irkutsk, Kaliningrad,[39] Karagandy, Kazan, Kemerovo,[40] Khabarovsk, Khanty-Mansiysk, Kostanay, Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk-Yemelyanovo, Kurgan,[38] Magadan, Magnitogorsk, Mineralnye Vody, Murmansk,[41] Naryan-Mar,[42] Novokuznetsk,[38] Novosibirsk, Omsk,[43] Perm, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Rostov-on-Don, Samara, Simferopol, Saint Petersburg, Sochi, Stavropol, Tomsk,[44] Ufa, Vladivostok, Yakutsk, Yekaterinburg, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk
Seasonal: Anapa, Ulan-Ude
B
Tunisair Enfidha, Monastir, Tunis A
Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat A
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Boryspil,[45] Odessa (resumes 25 April 2015)[46] A
Ural Airlines Bishkek, Cologne/Bonn, Ganja, Kulob, Kutaisi, Lankaran, Munich (begins 27 December 2014), Nukus, Osh, Samarkand,[47] Tbilisi,[48] Qabala
Seasonal: Catania,[49] Podgorica, Pula, Tivat
A
Ural Airlines Chelyabinsk, Chita, Irkutsk, Kaliningrad ,[50] Kazan, Mineralnye Vody,[51] Nizhnevartovsk,[52] Novokuznetsk, Novosibirsk, Rostov-on-Don,[53] Ulan-Ude,[54] Yekaterinburg
Seasonal: Anapa, Gelendzhik
B
UTair Aviation Seasonal charter:[55] Agadir, Antalya, Barcelona, Dalaman, Goa, Heraklion, Hurghada, Sharm el-Sheikh A
UTair Aviation Surgut B
Uzbekistan Airways Andijan, Bukhara, Fergana, Namangan, Navoiy, Nukus, Qarshi, Samarkand, Tashkent, Termez, Urgench A
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Nha Trang A
VIM Airlines Andijan, Barcelona, Dushanbe,[56] Eilat-Ovda, Fergana, Ganja, Gyumri, Namangan, Osh, Qarshi, Rimini, Samarkand, Termez, Thessaloniki, Tivat A
VIM Airlines Anadyr,[57] Barnaul,[58] Blagoveshchensk,[59] Gelendzhik, Komsomolsk-on-Amur,[59] Krasnodar, Magadan,[60] Makhachkala, Novosibirsk, Pevek, Sochi, Yekaterinburg, Yerevan[61]
Seasonal: Barnaul, Khabarovsk, Petropavlovsk Kamchatsky, Rhodes (begin 26 April 2015), Simferopol, Zakynthos (begins 29 April 2015) [62]
B
Vueling Barcelona, Málaga
Seasonal: Alicante, Palma de Mallorca
A
Yamal Airlines Barnaul,[63] Krasnoyarsk-Yemelyanovo, Nadym, Novy Urengoy, Noyabrsk, Salekhard, Tyumen, Ufa
Seasonal: Anapa, Niš, Simferopol
B

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Amsterdam, Beijing-Capital, Chengdu, Chicago-O'Hare, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Krasnoyarsk-Yemelyanovo, Maastricht, Milan-Malpensa, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, St. Petersburg, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Tokyo-Narita, Yekaterinburg, Zaragoza, Zhengzhou
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai
Etihad Cargo Abu Dhabi,[64] Milan-Malpensa[64]
Yangtze River Express Luxembourg, Shanghai-Pudong

Other facilities[edit]

The head office of Transaero is located on the airport property.[65] Russian Sky Airlines has its head office on the airport property.[66] When Domodedovo Airlines existed, its head office was on the airport property.[67]

Ground transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

The airport has a railway station with service to the Paveletsky Rail Terminal in central Moscow. Rail connection is provided by nonstop Aeroexpress trains (takes 45 min; coach class costs 400 rubles, business class costs 900 rubles), as well as by regular suburban commuter trains of Paveletsky suburban direction of Moscow Railway (takes 65 to 70 min and costs 99 rubles).

Road[edit]

The airport has several long and short term parking lots. The terminal itself is accessed from the junction of Moscow Ring Road and Kashirskoye Highway via a designated 14 mile-long four-lane freeway. Licensed taxi, limo services, and car rental (Hertz, Avis, and Sixt) providers are available at the counters of the arrival hall.

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 5 December 1999, a cargo version of the Ilyushin Il-114 suffered a crash during testing at Domodedovo, killing five and injuring two.[68]
  • In August 2004, two female Chechen suicide bombers were responsible for a serious security breach at the airport which destroyed two planes (Volga-AviaExpress Flight 1303 and Siberia Airlines Flight 1047) and killed 90 passengers (Russian aircraft bombings of August 2004). Since that time, East Line has instigated a new security policy and has spent $20 million on security and detection equipment, which has been installed at the airport. Some of the new security equipment included full body scanners on all checkpoints to the departure hall, making Domodedovo one of the first airports in the world to use this technology.[citation needed]
  • On 22 March 2010, a Russian Tu-204 Aviastar-TU jet, which originated from Hurghada in Egypt, crashed in a forest while trying to land at Domodedovo. There were no fatalities reported, but four of the crew were seriously injured.[69]
  • On 25 December 2010, freezing rain caused widespread power outages in Moscow and suburbs, including Domodedovo. The power lines feeding Domodedovo Airport and the railroad link were severed resulting in the shutdown of the terminal for several hours and a spike in taxicab fares.[71]
  • On 24 January 2011, an explosion caused by a suicide bomber killed 37 people and injured 173 people.[72][73][74]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Airport information for UUDD at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
  2. ^ Airport information for DME at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
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  4. ^ Аэропорт Домодедово подвел итоги работы в 2013 году
  5. ^ (Russian) Ветеран обороны Домодедово — «Коммерсантъ», 7.10.2013
  6. ^ "Домодедово", откройся! (in Russian). Vedomosti. 10 May 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  7. ^ Росимущество вышло на аренду (in Russian). Kommersant. 7 April 2008. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  8. ^ "Московский аэропорт Домодедово провел интерлайн-конференцию "DME Connections 2011"" (in Russian). Domodedovo Airport. Press release. 10 November 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  9. ^ "Simultaneous parallel departures for the first time ever in Russia". 
  10. ^ Heavy Metal, Aviation Week & Space Technology, 70, 10 (9 March 2009), p. 14
  11. ^ Генеральной прокуратурой Российской Федерации по поручению Президента Российской Федерации проведена проверка организаций, занимающихся аэропортовой деятельностью в "Домодедово" (in Russian). Office of the Prosecutor General of Russian Federation. 30 April 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
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  34. ^ Ergasheva, Zarina (20 March 2014). "Somon Air to operate flights from Khujand to Moscow". Media group “ASIA-Plus”. Retrieved 20 March 2014. 
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  49. ^ L, J (20 March 2014). "Ural Airlines Adds New Routes to Catania / Budapest in S14". Airline Route. Retrieved 20 March 2014. 
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  51. ^ ""Уральские авиалинии" будут летать из Москвы в Минеральные Воды". TRAVEL.RU. 30 August 2012. Retrieved 31 August 2012. 
  52. ^ ""Уральские авиалинии" с 26 мая открывают рейс Нижневартовск-Москва". Interfax. 29 March 2013. Retrieved 29 March 2013.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  53. ^ ""УРАЛЬСКИЕ АВИАЛИНИИ" БУДУТ ЛЕТАТЬ ИЗ МОСКВЫ В РОСТОВ-НА-ДОНУ". АвиаПорт.Ru. 20 July 2012. Retrieved 20 July 2012. 
  54. ^ ""Уральские авиалинии" с 28 мая открывают регулярное сообщение с Бурятией". Interfax. 21 March 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013. 
  55. ^ "Schedule for city Moscow". UTair Aviation. Retrieved 18 June 2013. 
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