Don Brash

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Dr
Don Brash
Don.Brash.jpg
Leader of ACT New Zealand
In office
28 April 2011 – 26 November 2011
Preceded by Rodney Hide
Succeeded by John Banks
30th Leader of the Opposition
In office
28 October 2003 – 27 November 2006
Deputy Nick Smith
Gerry Brownlee
Preceded by Bill English
Succeeded by John Key
Member of the New Zealand Parliament
for National Party list
In office
2002–2007
Governor of the Reserve Bank of New Zealand
In office
1988 – 26 April 2002
Succeeded by Alan Bollard
Personal details
Born (1940-09-24) 24 September 1940 (age 73)
Whanganui, New Zealand
Political party ACT (2011–)
Other political
affiliations
National (1980–2011)
Spouse(s) Erica Brash (1964–1985)
Je Lan Lee (1985–2007)
Relations Thomas Brash (grandfather)
Children 3
Profession Former Governor of the Reserve Bank of New Zealand
Religion Anglican

Donald "Don" Thomas Brash (born 24 September 1940), a New Zealand politician, was Leader of the Opposition, parliamentary leader of the National Party (the country's main Opposition party at that time) from 28 October 2003 to 27 November 2006 and the leader of the ACT Party for 28 April 2011 – 26 November 2011. Before entering Parliament, Brash was Governor of the Reserve Bank of New Zealand for 14 years.

At the New Zealand general election on 17 September 2005, National under Brash's leadership made major gains, and achieved what was at the time the party's best result since the institution of the mixed member proportional electoral system in 1993, compared to their worst result ever in 2002 under the leadership of his predecessor, Bill English. Final results placed National two seats behind the incumbent New Zealand Labour Party, with National unable to secure a majority from the minor parties to form a governing coalition.

In late November 2006 Brash resigned as leader of the National Party, and then from Parliament in February 2007. In October 2008 Don Brash was appointed as an Adjunct Professor of Banking in the Business School at the Auckland University of Technology,[1] and an Adjunct Professor in the School of Economics and Finance at La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia.

On 30 April 2011 Don Brash became the leader of ACT New Zealand after his bid for its leadership was accepted and he was confirmed as leader by the ACT caucus and board.[2] He resigned later that year on 26 November 2011 due to ACT's poor showing in the election, and its failure to gain any seats apart from its electorate strong-hold of Epsom.

Childhood, education and marriage[edit]

Don Brash was born to Alan Brash, a Presbyterian minister and son of prominent lay leader Thomas Brash, and Eljean Brash (née Hill), in Whanganui on 24 September 1940.

His family moved to Christchurch when he was six. He attended Cashmere Primary School and Christchurch Boys' High School before going to the University of Canterbury where he graduated in economics, history and political science. He continued his studies in economics, receiving his master's degree in 1961 for a thesis arguing that foreign investment damaged a country's economic development. The following year he began working towards a PhD (again in economics, at the Australian National University), which reached the opposite conclusion.[3] In 1964 Brash married his first wife, Erica, with whom he had two children. In the 1980s he and his Singaporean secretary, Je Lan Lee, entered into a relationship. Both were married at the time. He separated from his first wife in 1985 and four months after they were divorced he married Lee.[4][5] In 2007, his second marriage also broke up, following an affair with Diane Foreman, then Deputy Chair of the Business Round Table.[6] Brash and Lee had one child together.[7]

Early career[edit]

Brash went to Washington in the United States in 1966 to work as an economist for the World Bank. However, he returned to New Zealand in 1971 to become general manager of Broadbank Corporation, a merchant bank.

Brash's first entry into politics came in 1980 when the National Party selected him to stand as its candidate in the by-election in the East Coast Bays electorate. Brash's attempt at the seat, however, failed – some believe that this resulted from the decision by Robert Muldoon, National Party Prime Minister, to raise tolls on the Auckland Harbour Bridge, an important route for East Coast Bays residents. The seat went to Gary Knapp of the Social Credit Party. Brash again failed to win the seat at the general election of 1981.

In 1982 Brash became managing director at the New Zealand Kiwifruit Authority, which oversaw the export of kiwifruit (he still grows kiwifruit as a hobby). In 1986 he became general manager of Trust Bank, a newly established banking group.

Reserve Bank Governor[edit]

In 1988 Brash became Governor of the Reserve Bank of New Zealand, a position which he held for the next 14 years. Brash consistently met Government-set targets to keep inflation within 3% during his time as Governor, and during his tenure interest-rates dropped from double-digit to single-digit percentages.

Aside from monetary policy, Brash presided over significant changes in banking supervision, with the New Zealand approach emphasising public disclosure by banks regarding the nature of their assets and liabilities. Under his Governorship, the Reserve Bank of New Zealand established a new model of the relationship between government and central bank – not totally independent, like the Bundesbank in Germany, and not dominated by government, as was typical of most central banks at the time, but one where government and central bank agreed in public about the inflation rate to be delivered by the central bank, where the central bank had full independence to run monetary policy to deliver that, and where the central bank's Governor was held accountable for the inflation outcome. It was the Reserve Bank Act 1989 which established this contractual relationship (based on price stability targets) between the Bank and the Government, rather than giving direct control to Ministers of Finance.

Changes took place in the currency used in New Zealand during Brash's tenure, notably the introduction of polymer banknotes, and the replacement of Queen Elizabeth's face on most of the banknotes. Many banknotes in circulation still carry the signature of Brash from his term as Governor.

There is a range of opinion on Brash's performance as Reserve Bank Governor. The New Zealand Association of Economists describe Brash's success in establishing an independent central bank with an inflation target and in reducing inflation as a highlight of his career.[8] Documentary maker Alister Barry described Brash as "an extremist, an idealist" who's "ideal world is where the free market reigns supreme". Barry considered that Brash manipulated public opinion towards neo-liberal economics and gave as examples Brash's advocacy for abolishing the minimum wage and his Hayek Memorial Lecture to the Institute of Economic Affairs in London.[9][10]

Member of Parliament[edit]

Parliament of New Zealand
Years Term Electorate List Party
2002–2005 47th List 5 National
2005–2007 48th List 1 National

On 26 April 2002, shortly before the 2002 general election, Brash resigned as Reserve Bank Governor to stand as a candidate for Parliament on the National Party list. The Party ranked him in fifth place on its party list – exceptional treatment for a newcomer from outside the House of Representatives. Most unusually among National candidates, he stood as a list candidate without running for an electorate seat. Though National had its worst performance ever, gaining only 21% of the party vote, Brash's high place on the party list assured him of a seat in Parliament.

Brash immediately joined National's front bench as its spokesman on finance. This placed him opposite the Labour Party's Michael Cullen, the Minister of Finance and Deputy Prime Minister. Commentators generally praised Brash for his knowledge of economics, but expressed criticism of his inexperience in terms of political leadership.

In October 2003, Brash publicly challenged Bill English for the position of Parliamentary Leader of the National Party. English had gradually lost support within the party, but Brash's victory in any leadership-contest against English seemed by no means guaranteed. Brash's decision to make his challenge public caused some criticism, with some party supporters perceiving that an open leadership dispute could damage the party's image. However, by breaking with the tradition of operating secretly, Brash calculated that people would see him as an honest "anti-politician" – a notion central to his personal brand.

Leader of the Opposition[edit]

Brash won a caucus vote on 28 October 2003, making him leader of the National Party Caucus (and thus Leader of the Opposition) after one year as a Member of Parliament. He remained National's finance spokesman, appointing the equally new MP John Key as his deputy finance-spokesman, and eventually appointing Key the primary finance-spokesman after a Caucus reshuffle in August 2004.

Orewa speech[edit]

Main article: Orewa Speech

On 27 January 2004 Brash delivered his first Orewa speech on "Nationhood" at the Orewa Rotary Club, north of Auckland, expressing opposition to perceived "Māori racial separatism" in New Zealand:

The topic I will focus on today is the dangerous drift towards racial separatism in New Zealand, and the development of the now entrenched Treaty grievance industry. We are one country with many peoples, not simply a society of Pākehā and Māori where the minority has a birthright to the upper hand, as the Labour Government seems to believe".[...][11]

Though the sentiments expressed in the Orewa speech differed little from established National Party views (as voiced previously by Bill English, for example), these comments resulted in National receiving an unprecedented boost in a public opinion poll. National gained 17 percentage points in the February 2004 Colmar Brunton poll for Television New Zealand, taken shortly after the speech. The surge in National support marked the biggest single gain by a political party in a single poll in Colmar Brunton's polling history. In the months that followed, changes of emphasis in Labour's policy agenda became apparent as Labour attempted to recoup the ground lost to National in the February poll.

Shortly after the delivery of the Orewa speech, Brash fired his Māori Affairs spokesperson Georgina Te Heuheu because she would not publicly support his speech.

After the February peak, National suffered a steady decline in public opinion polls, leaving it 11 points behind Labour at the end of 2004.

In 2004, following a political speech given by the Prime Minister Helen Clark inside the Christchurch Cathedral, Brash wrote to the Dean of the Cathedral, Peter Beck. In his letter he criticised Ms Clark's use of a church-venue for delivering a political speech, and he raised questions over her views on religion and on the institution of marriage. After Clark retaliated, Brash apologised for any offence that his comments had caused to her, and revealed that his Chief of Staff, Richard Long, had written the letter, not Brash himself.

On 25 January 2005 Brash made his third speech to the Orewa Rotary Club (his first had come in the final week of January 2003, while still National's finance spokesman). This time Brash focussed on "Welfare Dependency: Whatever Happened to Personal Responsibility?" Brash pledged to reduce the number of working-age beneficiaries from the current figure of 300,000 to 200,000 over ten years, and he dedicated a significant part of his speech to the Domestic Purposes Benefit. At the time approximately 109,000 single parents received the DPB, costing taxpayers about $1.5 billion a year. Brash noted that since the inception of the DPB in 1974, the population of New Zealand had increased by 30% while the numbers receiving the DPB had increased almost ninefold. Brash used the speech to highlight his views on both the fiscal and social costs of entrenched welfare-dependency:

How can we tolerate a welfare system which allows children to grow up in a household where the parents are permanently dependent on a welfare benefit? Our welfare system is contributing to the creation of a generation of children condemned to a lifetime of deprivation, with limited education, without life skills, and without the most precious inheritance from their parents, a sense of ambition or aspiration. Nothing can be more destructive of self esteem.

Brash proposed a number of ways to reduce welfare dependency and to refocus the DPB back to its original intent of giving aid to single-parent families in need or in danger. These proposals included enforcing child-support payments from absent fathers, requiring single parents to work or perform community services once their children reached school age, and introducing penalties for women seeking the DPB who refused to name the father of their child. He also acknowledged adoption as an acceptable option, particularly for teenage girls, and drew attention to the growth in numbers of single mothers giving birth to additional children while already receiving the single-parent DPB benefit.

Some elements of the speech put his Social Welfare spokesperson, Katherine Rich, at odds with Brash, and he fired her from the portfolio, promoting the MP for Clevedon, Judith Collins, in her place.

Five main priorities[edit]

On 5 November 2003, shortly after becoming leader of the National Party, Brash released his five main policy priorities:

  1. Dealing with declining New Zealand incomes and the gap in standards-of-living between New Zealand and Australia
  2. Education, specifically the number of young adults leaving school with poor literacy and numeracy skills
  3. Decreasing dependency on welfare
  4. Security, including domestic law-and-order and external defence policy
  5. Ending a perceived drift towards racial separatism in New Zealand, and the need to treat all New Zealanders equally before the law

Views on race-relations[edit]

Maori identity[edit]

After the Orewa speech of 2004, Brash's public statements on race relations received significant attention, both in the traditional media and online. During the 2005 election campaign, he criticised the use of powhiri in welcoming international visitors:

I mean, I think there is a place for Maori culture but why is it that we always use a semi-naked male, sometimes quite pale-skinned Maori, leaping around in, you know, mock battle?[12]

In September 2006 Brash stated that:

There are clearly many New Zealanders who do see themselves as distinctly and distinctively Maori – but it is also clear there are few, if any, fully Maori left here. There has been a lot of intermarriage and that has been welcome.[13]

These comments received a negative response from other political leaders, who portrayed focussing on blood quantum as divisive and as harking back to racist laws, and who suggested the appropriateness for Maori themselves to determine how to define themselves.[14]

Brash questioned whether Māori remained a distinct indigenous group because few "full-blooded" individuals survive. This drew criticism from a range of his adversaries, including Maori Party co-leader Tariana Turia, who cancelled a dinner with him in protest. In a statement to explain his position on 30 September 2006, Brash said that the Government had no responsibility to address the over-representation of Māori in negative social statistics. "If Māori New Zealanders die more frequently from lung cancer than non-Māori do, for example, it is almost certainly because Māori New Zealanders choose to smoke more heavily than other New Zealanders do".[15]

British heritage[edit]

Brash stressed the significance of New Zealand's British heritage. When asked "who are the ideal immigrants?", Brash made the following statement;

British immigrants fit in here very well. My own ancestry is all British. New Zealand values are British values, derived from centuries of struggle since Magna Carta. Those things make New Zealand the society it is.[16]

2005 general election[edit]

In July 2005, Prime Minister Helen Clark announced that a General Election would take place on 17 September. At that time Brash and the National Party led by a slim margin in the opinion-polls. But by mid-August both Brash and National had declined in popularity. Commentators attributed this trend[citation needed] to a series of announcements of new spending programs by Labour, and to confusion as to whether National could form a stable coalition government with New Zealand First and/or ACT New Zealand.

The National Party advertising campaign aimed at rebutting arguments brought up by Labour about a variety of themes: Brash's stand on national security issues (he favoured greater co-operation with "traditional allies"), his commitment to social security programmes (including healthcare), as well as his ideas on the perceived drift towards "racial separatism" dividing Māori from other New Zealanders. One of Brash's most significant and widely publicised policy announcements foreshadowed the introduction of tax-cuts for working New Zealanders. Brash's party embarked on a targeted billboard-advertising programme, which later (post-election) won two advertising-industry awards.

In his first party-political election-campaign broadcast Brash mentioned a number of aspects of his life that he believed had attuned him to the political centre-ground in New Zealand:

  • registering as a conscientious objector at age 18[17]
  • serving as the patron of Amnesty International Freedom Foundation
  • participating in demonstrations against the racially-selected South African rugby team touring New Zealand (1981) and the New Zealand All-Blacks rugby team touring South Africa without Māori team members
  • his frugal approach, most famously washing his own laundry in his hotel-room basin while on taxpayer-funded overseas trips as Governor of the Reserve Bank
  • voting for Labour in his early years

Campaign[edit]

On 19 August 2005, National unveiled a $3.9 billion tax-cut policy.[18] The first polling conducted after the announcement suggested that it had boosted National support. On 22 August, Brash engaged in a televised debate with the Labour Party leader Helen Clark. According to the New Zealand Herald, Clark appeared 'confident and aggressive' and Brash appeared 'defensive'. In response to questions over his assertiveness, Brash indicated that he had not attacked Clark during the debate because she was a woman. Clark described Brash's explanation as patronising.[19]

On 27 August a weekend newspaper published a series of leaked documents, including private emails, showing that members of the ACT party and of the Business Round Table had advised Brash during his bid for the leadership of the parliamentary National Party. Continuing leaks over following weeks appeared designed[original research?] to cause the National leader embarrassment. Furthermore, confusion bedevilled National's potential coalition options: New Zealand First showed reluctance to reveal whether it would support National or Labour post-election, whilst ACT (often seen as National's natural coalition partner due to the similarities in some of their policies) criticised National for not openly supporting ACT leader Rodney Hide's bid to win the electorate seat of Epsom.

On 16 November 2006 Brash obtained a High Court injunction[20] prohibiting the distribution or publication of the private emails allegedly unlawfully taken from his computer, following ongoing rumours that his opponents would publish a series of his personal emails as a book, and he confirmed that the police had commenced a criminal investigation into the alleged email-theft.[21]

Pamphlets distributed by members of a Christian sect, the Exclusive Brethren, in early September caused further embarrassment for Brash; although they were not anonymous, they did not refer to the Exclusive Brethren but were authorised in the names of individual church members. Brash initially denied National had anything to do with it, but later admitted that the Brethren had told him at a meeting some months earlier that they planned to run a campaign opposing the direction of the Labour Government. Brash has maintained his position that the pamphlet-campaign took place on the Exclusive Brethren's own initiative.

The General Election on 17 September produced a close result, with initial election-night figures from rural areas favouring National (in accordance with tradition and previous patterns); but by the end of the evening Labour had won 40.7% of the vote to National's 39.6%. Following the counting of the special votes the gap widened, with Labour taking 41.1% of the vote to National's 39.1%. Dr Brash conceded defeat on 1 October after weeks of electoral uncertainty while the major parties sought to secure the support of minor coalition partners. His only realistic scenario for becoming prime minister would have involved a coalition between National, ACT and United Future, with confidence and supply from New Zealand First and the Māori Party. This appeared highly unlikely on several counts. New Zealand First's involvement in such a coalition would have run counter to its pre-election promise to deal with the biggest party. The Māori Party's supporters overwhelmingly[citation needed] gave their party-votes to Labour, and National had indicated it would abolish the Maori seats if it won power.

Essentially National had failed to make up enough ground in the cities but swept the electoral votes in the provinces, clawing back a number of seats from Labour and defeating New Zealand First founder-leader Winston Peters in his electorate (Peters remained in Parliament as a list MP). Apart from in Auckland, National's support centred mainly in rural and provincial areas.

2006–2011[edit]

Don Brash took leave on 13 September 2006, to sort out marital troubles.[22] Rumours of an extramarital affair came to the public's attention around this date after National MP Brian Connell allegedly confronted Brash in a caucus-meeting about the rumours. Details leaked to the press, and in the weeks that followed the National Party caucus suspended Connell from membership of the caucus.

On Saturday 23 September, Brash appeared on Television New Zealand's Agenda news-programme and acknowledged that he had met with Exclusive Brethren representatives after the 2005 New Zealand general election.

Dr Brash indicated his intention to remain the leader of the National Party and to contest the next election in that role. However, it became increasingly clear that the caucus preferred Finance Spokesman John Key, whose rating steadily rose in "preferred Prime Minister" polls. Key made no move publicly, but Brash's reputation for honesty and political competence eroded when, for example, broadcast footage showed him walking a plank, and when allegations appeared of his having an affair with an Auckland businesswoman, Diane Foreman – a charge he has never denied. Despite these setbacks, when asked by an interviewer for an article published in the United Kingdom on 18 November 2006 if he planned to remain leader of his party, "...the Clark Kent of Kiwi politics [Brash] turned to me and smiled gently. 'That's my intention,'..."[23]

Resignation[edit]

During a hastily-called press-conference on Thursday 23 November 2006, Don Brash announced his resignation as the National Party leader, effective from 27 November. Speculation regarding his leadership had foreshadowed this move, and the publicity had had a negative effect on his political party. The publicity came to a head just before the scheduled publication of a book written by Nicky Hager containing leaked emails (amongst other allegedly damaging revelations). Brash filed a delaying injunction with regard to the publication of the e-mails, which he regarded as stolen; however he claimed he had no awareness of and did not wish to stop the publication of the Hager book.[24] As part of his resignation announcement, Brash also announced he had cleared the way for the book's release by providing copies of his emails to Hager, and stated it had nothing to with his resignation.[25]

Brash also claimed that the publication of the book did not contribute to his decision to resign as National Party leader, although most observers[citation needed] see it as the straw that broke the camel's back. The book, The Hollow Men: A Study in the Politics of Deception, details Brash's rise to power in the National Party as assisted by an "informal network of people from the right of New Zealand politics", including a number of ACT members. It also documents that senior National Party figures, including Brash, knew of the Exclusive Brethren's pamphlet campaigns in May 2005, although Brash denied knowledge of this until August.[26][27][28]

On Thursday 30 November 2006, just one week after resigning as leader of the party, Brash resigned from Parliament after the National Party's new parliamentary leader, John Key, declined to offer him a senior portfolio. He set no official date, but he stated he would not return in the new year.[29]

Brash then made his valedictory speech on Tuesday 12 December 2006.[30] On 7 February 2007, Katrina Shanks took his place as a National Party list MP.[31]

Career after national politics[edit]

On 18 May 2007 Don Brash joined the ANZ National Bank board as Rob McLeod retired from the board to return to his accounting practice. He also chairs Huljich Wealth Management, an independent, specialist funds-management company based in Auckland, New Zealand.[32] In late 2008 he was lecturing in economics at the Auckland University of Technology In April 2009 Brash was appointed as a director of the electricity grid operator Transpower.[33]

In late April 2011, Brash, still a National Party member, announced that he would like to lead the ACT Party which would require incumbent leader Rodney Hide to step down. Hide dismissed any talk of a leadership challenge to him but Brash was quoted "I'd like to say to the board that, under my leadership, I believe Act has a much better prospect of not only getting back into Parliament but having a significant number of MPs."John Key also would not rule out working with Brash if it came down to a tight decision.[34]

Leadership of the ACT Party[edit]

On 28 April 2011 the incumbent leader of the ACT Party, Rodney Hide, announced that he was stepping down as leader in favour of Brash who had joined the party that morning. His membership was ratified by the party board on Saturday 30 April and the ACT party parliamentary caucus confirmed him as leader the same day.[35] The party board re-convened later that day to ratify his leadership. Rodney Hide remained in Parliament until its dissolution prior to the 2011 general election. Brash was leader of the party outside Parliament and former Auckland City mayor John Banks stood in Epsom.[36] The Listener compared Brash's successful bid for the leadership of the ACT Party to a hostile takeover.[37] Brash hoped to get ACT 15% of the party vote in the 2011 election, instead it only managed 1%.[38] Brash resigned on election night and was later replaced as leader by John Banks.[39]

Political positions[edit]

Brash voted for the decriminalisation of both prostitution and euthanasia, voted against raising the drinking age back up to 20 and voted against Manukau banning street prostitution.[40] However, Brash did vote against the Civil Unions Bill because he backed a public mandate for any change to the law.[41] He has also called for the decriminalisation of cannabis.[42][43]

In March 2013, Brash joined the debate over the future of Auckland, saying land needed to be freed up for residential zoning so house prices would come down, at odds with Mayor Len Brown's plan to stop urban sprawl and build the city upwards.[44]

Biography[edit]

Partial list of publications[edit]

  • "An investigation into the growth of New Zealand's external indebtedness, on public and private account, in the period since 1949/50, and a parallel study of changes in her debt servicing capacity", University of Canterbury thesis (1962)
  • "United States investment in Australian manufacturing industry", Australian National University thesis (1965)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Brash joins AUT" (Press release). Auckland University of Technology. 6 October 2008. Retrieved 29 April 2011. 
  2. ^ RNZ News (30 April 2011). "ACT party ratifies Don Brash leadership". Radio New Zealand. 
  3. ^ Businessman Today: Don Brash, Issue 8, 2004. [Link dead as of 2007-09-30]
  4. ^ "Brash remarried "after 4 months"". The New Zealand Herald. 18 March 2004. Archived from the original on 17 June 2011. 
  5. ^ "Brash takes break over marriage difficulties". The New Zealand Herald. 13 September 2006. 
  6. ^ Manning, Selwyn (14 September 2006). "Why Brash's Failure Is More Strategic". State of It:. Scoop.co.nz. Retrieved 30 April 2011. 
  7. ^ "Brash marriage over". Sunday Star-Times (Fairfax NZ Ltd). 1 January 2009. Retrieved 1 January 2009. 
  8. ^ "Distinguished Fellow Donald T Brash". New Zealand Association of Economists. 2007. Retrieved 4 January 2012. 
  9. ^ List, Kevin (22 December 2004). "Documentary Maker Alister Barry On What Don Brash Would Do As Prime Minister". Scoop News. Retrieved 7 May 2011. 
  10. ^ Brash, Don (4 June 1996). "New Zealand's remarkable reforms". An address by Donald T Brash Governor of the Reserve Bank of New Zealand to the Fifth Annual Hayek Memorial Lecture Institute of Economic Affairs, London. Reserve Bank of New Zealand. Retrieved 7 May 2011. 
  11. ^ One News (24 November 2006). "Don Brash backgrounder". Television New Zealand. 
  12. ^ Crewdson, Patrick; Amanda Spratt (4 September 2005). "Too much culture, says Brash". Herald on Sunday (APN). Retrieved 28 September 2006. 
  13. ^ Stokes, Jon (25 September 2006). "Brash outrages Maori by questioning their identity". The New Zealand Herald (APN). Retrieved 28 September 2006. 
  14. ^ Dr Pita Sharples (27 September 2006). "Orewa Rotary Club Speech". The Maori Party. Retrieved 28 September 2006. 
  15. ^ Berry, Ruth (30 September 2006). "Brash stirs up Maori 'storm'". New Zealand Herald (APN). Retrieved 17 March 2014. 
  16. ^ New Zealand Listener: So who do we keep out?, Bruce Ansley, 2–8 September 2006
  17. ^ Brash, Don (27 June 2005). "Don Brash's Full Speech To National's Conference". New Zealand National Party. 
  18. ^ "Getting ahead with National" (Press release). New Zealand National Party. 19 August 2005. Retrieved 17 June 2011. "National’s fair tax and family package will be phased in over the next three years, rising to an annual total of $3.9 billion in the 2008/09-year." 
  19. ^ NZPA (23 August 2005). "Brash says he would be tougher if PM was a man". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 17 June 2011. 
  20. ^ "High Court of New Zealand Interim Injunction & Related Orders" (PDF) (Press release). Copy of Court documents retrieved via Scoop news site. 17 November 2006. Retrieved 17 November 2006. 
  21. ^ "Brash wins Court Order blocking email publication" (Press release). NZ National Party press release retrieved via Scoop news site. 17 November 2006. Retrieved 17 November 2006. 
  22. ^ "Statement from Don Brash requesting privacy" (Press release). NZ National Party press release retrieved via Scoop news site. 13 September 2006. Retrieved 13 September 2006. 
  23. ^ Heath, Allister (18 November 2006). "A Kiwi conservative's message for Dave". The Spectator UK. Retrieved 18 November 2006. 
  24. ^ NZPA, NZ Herald staff (23 November 2006). "Don Brash gone at lunchtime". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 29 April 2011. 
  25. ^ One News/Newstalk ZB (23 November 2006). "Brash stands down". Television New Zealand. Retrieved 29 April 2011. 
  26. ^ "Hager Book: Brash assisted to power by business lobby". New Zealand Herald. 24 November 2006. Retrieved 1 May 2011. 
  27. ^ Hunkin, Joanna; NZPA (24 November 2006). "Hager Book: Brash knew of Brethren campaign". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 2 May 2011. 
  28. ^ NZPA (29 November 2006). "Brash denies seeing May email despite release". New Zealand Herald News. Retrieved 2 May 2011. 
  29. ^ NZ Herald staff, NZPA (30 November 2006). "Don Brash resigns saying he made a difference". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 3 May 2011. 
  30. ^ Brash, Don (12 December 2006). "Notes for Valedictory Speech". New Zealand National Party. Retrieved 30 April 2011. 
  31. ^ "New List MP For National Party" (Press release). Chief Electoral Office. 7 February 2007. Retrieved 30 April 2011. 
  32. ^ Businesswire (4 March 2010). "Brash replaces Huljich after KiwiSaver lapses". Scoop News. Retrieved 1 May 2011. 
  33. ^ NBR Staff (7 April 2009). "Don Brash to join Transpower board". The National Business Review. Retrieved 7 May 2011. 
  34. ^ Donnell, Hayden; Cheng, Derek (26 April 2011). "President: Hide can fend off Brash – National". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 1 May 2011. 
  35. ^ Satherley, Dan (27 April 2011). "Rodney Hide resigns, makes way for Brash". 3 News. Retrieved 27 April 2011. 
  36. ^ Vance, Andrea; Mccammon, Belinda (28 April 2011). "Brash 'highly unlikely' to get top post". Stuff (Fairfax NZ Ltd). Retrieved 30 April 2011. 
  37. ^ Wichtel, Diana (16 May 2011). "Don Brash". New Zealand Listener. Retrieved 17 June 2011. "going after the leadership of a party to which he did not belong in a manner inviting comparison to a hostile takeover." 
  38. ^ "Hide sees possibility of returning to parliament". 
  39. ^ "Banks pledges to rebuild Act as leader quits". Radio New Zealand. 27 November 2011. 
  40. ^ "Family First on Don’s voting record". Kiwiblog. 2011-05-11. Retrieved 2014-03-20. 
  41. ^ http://www.scoop.co./stories/PA0411/S00648.htm
  42. ^ "Don Brash calls for decriminalisation of cannabis". The New Zealand Herald. 25 September 2011. Retrieved 29 September 2011. 
  43. ^ "Let Mutu Speak! - Brash | ACT New Zealand". Act.org.nz. 2011-09-07. Retrieved 2014-03-20. 
  44. ^ "Brown's plan worsens congestion - Brash". 3 News NZ. 18 March 2013. 

External links[edit]

Political offices[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Bill English
Leader of the Opposition
2003–2006
Succeeded by
John Key
Preceded by
Sir Spencer Russell
Reserve Bank Governor
1988–2002
Succeeded by
Dr. Alan Bollard
Party political offices
Preceded by
Bill English
Leader of the New Zealand National Party
2003–2006
Succeeded by
John Key
Preceded by
Rodney Hide
Leader of the ACT Party
2011
Succeeded by
John Banks