Don Carlos, Bukidnon

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Don Carlos
Map of Bukidnon Province with Don Carlos highlighted
Map of Bukidnon Province with Don Carlos highlighted
Don Carlos is located in Philippines
Don Carlos
Don Carlos
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 07°41′N 125°00′E / 7.683°N 125.000°E / 7.683; 125.000Coordinates: 07°41′N 125°00′E / 7.683°N 125.000°E / 7.683; 125.000
Country Philippines
Region Northern Mindanao (Region X)
Province Bukidnon Province
District 3rd district of Bukidnon
Founded June 18, 1966
Barangays 29
 • Mayor Felix S. Manzano
 • Total 213.72 km2 (82.52 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 64,334
 • Density 300/km2 (780/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 8712
Dialing code 88
Income class 1st

Don Carlos is a first class municipality in the province of Bukidnon, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 64,334 people.[3]


Don Carlos is situated in the southern part of the province. It is located 61 kilometres (38 mi) south of the City of Malaybalay, 161 kilometres (100 mi) from Cagayan de Oro City, 180 kilometres (110 mi) from the Cotabato City, 160 kilometres (99 mi) from Davao City, and 1,575 kilometres (979 mi) from south of Manila. The town is bounded by the municipalities of Maramag in the north, Kitaotao in the south, Quezon in the east, Pangantucan and Kadingilan in the west. The town is known for its famous landmark Lake Pinamaloy.

Soil Type[edit]

There are 3 types of soil that cover the municipality. Theses soils, which are generally clayey, are Kidapawan Clay, Adtuyon Clay and Macolod Clay.


The terrain of the municipality of Don Carlos is generally flat except the mountain range on the eastern part of the municipality. The highest elevation is 700 metres (2,300 ft) above sea level and 300 metres (980 ft) below sea level.


Flat to gently sloping areas ranging in slope 0-8% is the most prevalent terrain in the municipality, which covers 198.96 km² (93.09%) of the total land area of the municipality. Moderately sloping to undulating lands ranging in slope 8-18% occupies approximately 7.65 km². Rolling to moderately steep lands, 18-30% covers 4.19 km² of land. An area with slope above 30% covers 2920.09 km².


The municipality's climate falls under the third type. Climate under this type experience rainy season in the months of April to September. The latest data from the DA shows that the months July to November registered the highest average annual rainfall that reached its peak in the month of July at 642 millimetres (25.3 in).


Don Carlos is politically subdivided into 29 barangays.[2]

  • Calao Calao
  • Cabadiangan
  • Bocboc
  • Buyot
  • Don Carlos Norte
  • Embayao
  • Kalubihon
  • Kasigkot
  • Kawilihan
  • Kiara
  • Kibatang
  • Mahayahay
  • Manlamonay
  • Maraymaray
  • Mauswagon
  • Minsilagan
  • New Nongnongan (Masimag)
  • New Visayas
  • Old Nongnongan
  • Pinamaloy
  • Don Carlos Sur (Pob.)
  • Pualas
  • San Antonio East
  • San Antonio West
  • San Francisco
  • San Nicolas (Banban)
  • San Roque
  • Sinangguyan
  • Bismartz


The first people who settled this place before was Datu Andarol, his wife Ba-e Mahanu, and their son Datu ‘Mangginayun’. Datu Andarol was a ruler and the leader of the Manobo tribe settling the village of Minduso (the old name of Don Carlos). This place are very forested before and access by outlanders was prohibited unless permitted by Datu Andarol. Minduso was the home of Datu Andarol's descendants. Upon the arrival of the Spaniards, Datu Andarol was succeeded by his son Datu Mangginayun. Spanish naming conventions was introduced and also Christianity, and Datu Mangginayun adopted the name "Antonio" and his name was now Datu ‘Mangginayun’ Antonio Sagandilan Sr. He was married to Ba-e Antonina Manlayuan. Datu ‘Mangginayun’ Antonio Sagandilan Sr. was also a great leader like his father. He implemented tribal laws and settled criminal offenses like murder cases. He also presided wedding ceremonies, settled dowries and led the tribal community. The first popular Spanish stranger that came to Antonio Sagandilan Sr. was Tomás Sandoval. He ask for a parcel of land that he wanted to borrow and till, and the datu gave him the request. Tomás agreed to the datu that he will give his part of his harvest as a share to the datu. Several years later, another Spanish by the name of "Elizalde" came and, like Tomás Sandoval, ask Datu ‘Manginayun’ Antonio Sr. to lend a land to establish ranches.

The lands lent by the datu to Elizalde were: Pantil-pantilan, Migtutugop, the Mulita river, the today-famous Squash Mountain and the Tugas Falls. With the efforts of these two Spaniards, the Cebuanos and other Spaniards were encourage to settle and populate the area that comprises the present-day Don Carlos and economy was flourished.

Minduso was the old name of the present town, and census registry was only located at Ramag (Manobo for ‘breakfast’) which later on would be known as Maramag. Antonio Sr.'s son, Datu ‘Mangginayun’ Antonio Sagandilan Jr. was born on March 17, 1917 at “Miuvan” (now Barangay Sinangguyan) and registered him at Maramag.

When World War II broke out, Antonio Jr. was drafted in USAFFE, his wife and parents did nothing about this; he was at the rank of corporal ever since before the war. When the war ended, his father, Antonio Sr., died due to illness brought by age.

Antonio Jr. succeeded his father in the leadership of his tribe as a datu in 1946. Tribal councilor was his first position, and it eventually evolved as a barangay captain. During his time of service, Señora Remedios ‘Meding’ Fortich de Ozamis personally visited Antonio Jr. and she petitioned the name change of Miuvan (which is now Barangay Sinangguyan) to ‘Don Carlos’ in his son's memory (Don Carlos Fortich Ozamis, the governor of Bukidnon in 1904) and as a gratitude for living in the land which the Sagandilans flourished. At first, the datu declined, as the place has significance for their patrimony. Eventually, Minduso was now named to Don Carlos and its neighbouring villages and barangays were clustered to become a municipality in 1966. The inauguration of the township was held and tribal rites followed.

Up to this day, the descendants of Datu ‘Mangginayun’ Antonio Sagandilan Sr. will remember his contributions for flourishing the culture and to the development of their beloved hometown, Don Carlos.


Population census of Don Carlos
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 45,815 —    
1995 51,083 +2.06%
2000 55,495 +1.79%
2007 60,870 +1.28%
2010 64,334 +2.03%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]


Commerce and trade[edit]

Commercial activities in the municipality of Don Carlos pass through a network of various commercial establishments that scatter all over the municipality. Sari-sari stores dominate these establishments with heavy concentration in barangay centers, especially in barangay Don Carlos Sur.

Based on CY 2000 records of the Municipal Treasurer's Office (MTO), the municipality of Don Carlos had a total of 350 commercial establishments, majority of these commercial establishments are engaged in retailing, merchandising, food and beverage, catering and servicing.


Don Carlos is an agricultural municipality. It is endowed with vast tracts of fertile agricultural lands coupled with a favorable climate. Many people in the area are greatly dependent on the produce of the land. Being the main source of income of the municipality, agriculture utilizes about 149.5894 km² of land, representing 70% of the total land area of the municipality for the production of various crops.

In terms of production, in the year 1998, rice yielded 3,156.60 metric tons both in irrigated and rainfed farms. White and yellow corn production accounted to 39,086.10 metric tons covering 66.98 km² representing 11.78% to agricultural area. sugarcane production as second major crop next to corn, covers a physical area of 50 km² representing 33.42% with a total production of 21,000 metric tons.

The cash crops include leafy green vegetables, fruits, legumes and root crops.Coconut, sugarcane, banana, jackfruit, cacao and rubber comprise the commercial crops. Commercial crops cover 24.4194 km² and has a total production 2,523.75 metric tons.


The Municipality of Don Carlos is naturally endowed with scenic vistas that have strong potentials as tourist attractions. These are the undeveloped Lake Pinamaloy in Barangay Pinamaloy; the Sinangguyan and Kahulugan Waterfalls in Barangay Sinangguyan; and the amazing Linking Caves and Spring in Barangay San Antonio East.

Lake Pinamaloy
Lake Pinamaloy also known as (Tourism Lake) has an approximate area of 0.6 km². It is considered as landmark and a tourist attraction, thus a development plan has been prepared and was submitted to the Department of Tourism as a blueprint of the program.
Sinangguyan and Kahulugan Falls
Combined to the scenic spot of the municipality is the Sinangguyan and Kahulugan falls, which both have the approximate height of 20 to 25 meters.
Linking Caves and Spring
Located in San Antonio East, the amazing Linking Caves and the Spring added beauty and wonder to the place. Reason enough that a proposal has been made to develop its nature into a swimming pool.

Evidently, these tourist sites are enriched with their innate physical features. Efforts would be done to exploit these potentials to extensive promotions in order to draw investors and encourage development and encourage all of you to go in our town to see the beauty of our beloved mother nature in Barangay San Antonio East.


  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 1 July 2013. Retrieved 5 September 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: BUKIDNON". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 12 June 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 12 June 2014. 

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