Don Carter (bowler)
Donald James Carter (July 29, 1926 – January 5, 2012) was a right-handed American professional bowler. Born in St. Louis, Missouri, he learned the game while working a childhood job as a pinsetter. Carter went on to become one of the legends of ten-pin bowling and a founding member of the Professional Bowlers Association (PBA) in 1958. He was six-time bowler of the year, a ten-time All-American, and became known simply as "Mr. Bowling." He was voted the Greatest Bowler of All-Time in a 1970 Bowling Magazine poll, and ranked #1 among 20th Century bowlers by Bowlers Journal in 1999. At the vanguard of celebrity endorsement, he capitalized on his fame during televised bowling's most popular period to become the first athlete of any kind to earn $1,000,000 in a single endorsement deal, for Ebonite International.
Prior to the PBA being formed, Carter was known as a dominant bowler in major tournaments of the 1950s, as well as in team play. In the BPAA All-Star tournaments (predecessor to the U.S. Open) between 1952 and 1960, Carter won four times and never finished lower than fourth. He won five World Invitational events in a six-year span, finishing second the only year he did not win. He also won one ABC Masters title.
As a team bowler, Carter helped the Pfeiffer Beer team of Detroit, Michigan, win the 1953 ABC Open Championships before he moved back to St. Louis. Carter was then part of the "Budweisers" Bowling Team that won the National Team Match Games title four straight years (1956–59). In 1958, this team established an ABC league series record for a five-man team (3,858 pins) that stood for more than 35 years. Ray Bluth, Dick Weber, Tom Hennessey and Pat Patterson were also on that 1958 team.
Unlike most bowlers, who keep their arm straight on the backswing as they are about to release the ball, Carter kept his elbow bent, never straightening his arm.
Although the PBA was not formed until Carter was 32 years old, he still won seven PBA titles (five of them majors) including the inaugural PBA National Championship in 1960. He won four titles and $49,000 in prize money in 1962 alone. That year, he also made 18 top-five finishes (still a PBA record), including seven straight top-five finishes (a feat matched only by Dick Weber since), and he was named the Bowling Writers Association of America's Bowler of the Year.
He was the PBA's first president, and served four years overall in that capacity. A bad knee forced him to retire from competitive bowling in 1972.
Carter enlisted in the United States Navy in 1944, and spent two years as a radarman in the South Pacific. He was a baseball player in high school and was signed to a minor-league contract by the Philadelphia Athletics in the fall of 1946. After one season in a Class D league, he hung up his baseball spikes and returned to St. Louis to take a job at Golden Eagle Lanes. Working as an alley man, bartender and janitor, he bowled as often as he could during his time off.
In 1951 he was invited to bowl for the Pfeiffer Beer team in Detroit, where his bowling career reached high momentum.
Carter married female bowler LaVerne Haverly (née Thompson) in 1953. The two divorced in 1964. His second marriage, to Pat Hardwick in 1966, ended in a 1972 divorce. In 1973 Carter married professional bowler Paula Sperber, who had won the 1971 U.S. Women's Open and had an outstanding pro bowling career. Carter's first and third wives are in the WIBC (now USBC) Hall of Fame. The PBA recently held a mixed doubles tournament called the Don and Paula Carter Mixed Doubles Championship.
Milestones and recognition
- Established a 234 league average in 1959, the highest that season in an American Bowling Congress league
- Inducted into ABC Hall of Fame, 1970
- Inducted into PBA Hall of Fame, 1975
- In 1958, he wrote a book entitled "10 Secrets of Bowling" with the help of illustrator Anthony Ravielli.
- In 1975, he wrote another book entitled, "Bowling The Pro Way" in association with George Kenney and illustrated by Simon Pavkov.
Carter was known for a number of bowling "firsts":
- First to convert the sweepstakes spare on the Make That Spare television show, as well as the first to make the spare twice
- First bowler to crack the jackpot for six consecutive strikes on the Jackpot Bowling television show
- First to bowl an 800 series on television (809 at the 1956 National Bowling Championships)
- First bowler to win every possible major tournament in his era (BPAA All-Star, World Invitational, PBA National and ABC Masters)
- First president of the PBA
- First bowler to have a professional tournament named after him
- First athlete to sign a $1 million endorsement contract, inking a multi-year deal with Ebonite International in 1964
- "Today in History, July 29" at The Library of Congress website.
- First Annual National Championship article at www.pba.com 
- Bigham, Terry (January 6, 2012). "Don Carter, USBC and PBA Hall of Famer, dies at age 85". United States Bowling Congress. Retrieved January 19, 2012.
- "For The Record". Sports Illustrated. January 16, 2012. Retrieved January 19, 2012.
- "Don Carter's Bio Page". www.doncarter.com. Retrieved January 19, 2012.
- "Don Carter, bowling superstar, dies at 85". The Washington Post. January 7, 2012. Retrieved January 19, 2012.
- "Former "First Lady of PBA" LaVerne Carter Dies". March 9, 2012.
- Don Carter stats at doncarter.com, retrieved June 25, 2013.