Don Ed Hardy
|Don Ed Hardy|
Don Ed Hardy at the second World Tattoo Convention in Reno Nevada, 1977.
|Born||January 1945 (age 68)
Laguna Beach, California
|Field||Painting, Drawing, Tattoo|
|Movement||Body art, Postmodern art|
Early life 
Hardy was born in 1945 in Iowa, where he lived for a year before his family moved to California. He attended the San Francisco Art Institute and graduated with a Bachelor of Fine Arts in printmaking. Hardy was a student of Sailor Jerry Collins and, through his association, was able to study tattooing in Japan in 1973 with the Japanese classical tattoo master Horihide. He became recognized for incorporating Japanese tattoo aesthetics and technique into his American style work.
In 1982, Hardy and his wife formed Hardy Marks Publications. Under this marque, they began publishing the five-book series Tattootime. Hardy Marks has gone on to publish more than 25 books about alternative art, including catalogs of Hardy's work and that of Sailor Jerry Collins.
Today, Hardy is retired from tattooing. He oversees and mentors the artists at his San Francisco studio, Tattoo City. Since the 1960s, he has concentrated heavily on non-tattoo based art forms, especially printmaking, drawing, and painting.
||This section needs additional citations for verification. (November 2009)|
In 2002, Hardy licensed Ku USA, Inc. to produce a line of clothing based on his art. Within two years, the collection had drawn the interest of Saks companies. Hardy and Ku USA formed Hardy Life LLC, which holds the trademark ownership as well as the copyrights to all his images.
In 2004, Christian Audigier licensed the rights to produce the Ed Hardy clothing line, which is based on Hardy's imagery. Prior to the Ed Hardy clothing line, Audigier was the Head Designer at Von Dutch Originals, which marketed the imagery of Kenny Howard. Audigier has attempted to replicate the marketing techniques employed by Von Dutch Originals, by marketing directly to celebrity clients and by opening stores in high profile fashion districts. Ed Hardy stores are located in San Francisco, New York, Los Angeles, Boston, Seattle, Minneapolis, Honolulu, Scottsdale, Tucson, Vancouver, Dubai, Johannesburg, Kuwait, Kuala Lumpur, Bangkok, Gurgaon, Delhi, Mumbai and Qatar.
In 2010, IGP Beauty secured the licensing rights for Ed Hardy Professional Styling Tools. IGP Beauty has since then manufactured a variety of blow dryers, styling irons, styling tools, and hair accessories that include artwork inspired by Ed Hardy's famous tattoo designs.
- DeMello, Margo (2007). Encyclopedia of Body Adornment. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 145. ISBN 0-313-33695-4.
- Hamlin, Jesse (September 30, 2006), "Don Ed Hardy's tattoos are high art and big business", San Francisco Chronicle (Hearst Communications, Inc.), retrieved March 26, 2010
- DeMello, Margo (2000). Bodies of Inscription: A Cultural History of the Modern Tattoo Community. Duke University Press. p. 103. ISBN 0-8223-2467-9.
- Biography – Hardy Marks Publications and Don Ed Hardy Archive. Hardymarks.com (2012-07-14). Retrieved on 2012-08-08.
- DeFao, Janine (December 30, 1999). "Jerry Brown Picks Tattooist For Art Panel". San Francisco Chronicle (San Francisco: Hearst Communications, Inc.). p. A-1. Retrieved February 6, 2009.
- Fashionista. Fashionista (2010-02-10). Retrieved on 2012-08-08.
- Vance, Ashlee (November 12, 2009), "Ed Hardy’s Tattoo Art Is Booty for Digital Pirates", The New York Times, retrieved March 26, 2010
- Bhattacharjee, Nivedita (May 5, 2009), UPDATE 1-Iconix Q1 tops market; buys 50 pct in Hardy Way, Reuters, retrieved March 26, 2010
- "IGP Beauty, Inc. Secures Celebrity Hair Care Lines". May 13, 2010.
- "Ed Hardy". IGP Beauty website.