Don García (Grand Master of Calatrava)
The exact location of Don García's birth and death are not known although it is believed that he was from Navarre. The reasons for him being named as the first Grand Master of Calatrava are also unknown although the order was very new at the time of his tenure in office, having been officially recognized by Papal Bull in 1164. What is certain is that García would have been an exceptional leader and soldier to be tapped for this prestigious role by King Alfonso VIII de Castilla which consisted of overseeing all lands and castles under the order's protection and control. The most famous castle being the one at Almadén.
Papal Bull of 1164
Under his Grandmastership, the order obtained its formal charter from the Papacy with its customs being modeled around the Cistercian Order from which Calatrava developed. The Papal Bull, amongst other things, obliged all member knights of the order to observe three ideological virtues; obedience, chastity, and poverty. Member knights were also held to strict living rules such as maintaining silence in their dormitories and eateries, sleeping with their armor on for four days a week, and to keep as their only garment of clothes, a white cloak with a simple black cross called the "Flordelisada" (which became red as seen in above right image in the 14th Century).
Grand Master of the Order of Calatrava
- Some of the information on this page was translated from its Spanish equivalent.
- Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. (In Spanish) Documentos para el estudio de la Orden de Calatrava en la meseta meridional Castellana (1102-1302)
- Francisco de Rades y Andrada: (In Spanish) Catálogo de las obligaciones que tienen las personas del hábito de Calatrava, Published in 1571.
- Heraldic Hispania