Don Mueang International Airport

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For the military use of the facility, see Don Muang Royal Thai Air Force Base.
Don Mueang International Airport
ท่าอากาศยานดอนเมือง
G20110725161623 g.jpg
Don Mueang International Airport
IATA: DMKICAO: VTBD
Summary
Airport type Public/Military
Owner Royal Thai Air Force
Operator Airports of Thailand
Location 222 Vibhavadi Rangsit Road, Khwaeng Sanam Bin, Khet Don Mueang, Bangkok, Thailand
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 9 ft / 3 m
Coordinates 13°54′45″N 100°36′24″E / 13.91250°N 100.60667°E / 13.91250; 100.60667Coordinates: 13°54′45″N 100°36′24″E / 13.91250°N 100.60667°E / 13.91250; 100.60667
Website http://www.donmueangairportthai.com/
Map
DMK is located in Bangkok
DMK
DMK
Location of airport in Bangkok
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
03L/21R 3,700 12,139 Asphalt
03R/21L 3,500 11,483 Asphalt
Statistics (FY2013)
International passengers 5,288,444
Domestic passengers 11,190,783
Total passengers 16,479,227
Aircraft operations 144,108
Source: Airports of Thailand[1] BangkokPost[2]

Don Mueang International Airport (Thai: ท่าอากาศยานดอนเมืองThai pronunciation: [dɔ̄ːn mɯ̄aŋ]) (IATA: DMKICAO: VTBD)( or also [old] Bangkok International Airport) is one of two international airports serving Bangkok, Thailand, the other one being Suvarnabhumi Airport ([New] Bangkok International Airport). The airport is considered to be one of the world's oldest international airports and Asia's oldest operating airport.[3] It was officially opened as a Royal Thai Air Force base on 27 March 1914, although it had been in use earlier. Commercial flights began in 1924. The first commercial flight was an arrival by KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, making it one of the world's oldest commercial airports.[4] Don Mueang Airport closed in 2006 following the opening of Bangkok's new Suvarnabhumi Airport, before opening again after renovation on 24 March 2007, off and on. Since the opening of the new airport, it has become a regional commuter flight hub and the de facto low cost airline hub since 2012.

Don Mueang was an important hub of Asia and the hub of Thai Airways International prior to its closure. At its peak, it served most[clarification needed] air traffic for the entire continent, with 80 airlines operating 160,000 flights and handling over 38 million passengers and 700,000 tons of cargo in 2004. It was then the 14th busiest airport in the world and 2nd in Asia by passenger volume. Don Mueang is the main hub for Nok Air, Thai AirAsia, Thai Lion Air and Orient Thai Airlines.

History[edit]

FAA diagram
Thai Airways International planes at Don Mueang

Don Muang airfield was the second established in Thailand, after Sa Pathum airfield, which is now Sa Pathum horse racing course, known as the Royal Bangkok Sports Club. The first flights to Don Muang were made on 8 March 1914 and involved the transfer of aircraft of the Royal Thai Air Force. Three years earlier, Thailand had sent three army officers to France to train as pilots. On completion of their training in 1911, the pilots were authorized to purchase eight aircraft, four Breguets and four Nieuports, which formed the basis of the Royal Thai Air Force. Sa Pathum airfield was established in February 1911 by an arrival of Orville Wright, 7 years after the invention of the first airplane, by Wright brothers On 17 December 1903.[5]

In 1933, the airfield was the scene of heavy fighting between royalists and government forces during the Boworadet Rebellion. The airfield was used by the occupying Japanese during World War II, and was bombed and strafed by Allied aircraft on several occasions.

During the Vietnam War, Don Mueang was a major command and logistics hub of the United States Air Force.

Before the opening of Suvarnabhumi, the airport used the IATA airport code BKK and the name was spelled Don Muang. After Suvarnabhumi opened for commercial flights, the spelling was changed and as Don Mueang it now uses the airport code DMK, though it still retains the ICAO airport code VTBD. The traditional spelling is still used by many airlines and by most Thais.

Closure[edit]

The night of 27–28 September 2006 was the official end of operations at Don Mueang airport. The last commercial flights were:

  • International departure: Although scheduled for Kuwait Airways KU 414 to Kuwait at 02:50,[6] Qantas flight QF302 to Sydney, originally scheduled for 18:00, was delayed for more than 9 hours before finally taking off at 03:12, about 10 minutes after the Kuwait flight. Qantas claimed that QF302 was an extra flight.[7]
  • International arrival: Kuwait Airways from Jakarta at 01:30[8]
  • Domestic departure: Thai Airways TG 124 to Chiang Mai at 22:15 (coincidentally, when Thai moved domestic operations back to Suvarnabhumi again on 28 March 2009, their last departure was also a 22:15 flight to Chiang Mai)
  • Domestic arrival: TG 216 from Phuket at 23:00

Reopening[edit]

Although initially deserted by commercial carriers upon the opening of the Suvarnabhumi Airport, the higher costs of the new airport to operators as well as safety concerns over cracked runways at the new airport caused many to seek a return to Don Mueang. In particular, low-cost airlines have led demands for reopening of the airport. Airports of Thailand released a report at the end of 2006 which furthered this effort, proposing it as a way to avoid or delay second-stage expansion which had been planned for Suvarnbhumi.[9]

On 30 January 2007, the Ministry of Transport recommended temporarily reopening Don Mueang while touch up work process on some taxiways at Suvarnabhumi proceeds. The recommendation was subject to approval by the government's executive Cabinet. On 25 March 2007, the airport officially reopened for some domestic flights.

Because of the 2011 Thailand floods that affected Bangkok and the rest of Thailand, the airport was closed as flood waters flowed on to the runways and affected the lighting.[10][11] Don Mueang International Airport reopened on 6 March 2012.

On 16 March 2012, Government of Thailand, Yingluck ordered all low-cost, chartered and non-connecting flights to relocate to Don Mueang International Airport, ending the single-airport policy.[12] Airports of Thailand was ordered to encourage low-cost carriers to shift to Don Mueang International Airport to help ease congestion at Suvarnabhumi Airport.[13][14] Suvarnabhumi airport was designed to handle 45 million passengers per year,[13] but it processed 48 million in 2011 and number is expected to reach 53 million in 2012. Some 10 airlines are proposed to relocate to Don Mueang. Budget airline Nok Air is already serving flights from and to Don Mueang. Nok Air handles about 4 million passengers per year. Orient Thai Airlines and Thai AirAsia have also started operations at Don Mueang. Thai AirAsia carried 7.2 million passengers in 2011. The number is projected to grow to 8 million in 2012.[15]

Currently Terminal 1 is capable of handling 18.5 million passengers annually.[16] On 7 September 2013, Airports of Thailand announced its 3-billion-baht renovation plan to reopen terminal 2 as early as May 2014. T1's passenger in 2013 will likely to reach 16 million against its annual capacity of 18.5 million. Completion of T2 will raise Don Mueang's passenger capacity to 30 million a year.[17]

Terminals[edit]

Don Mueang International Airport has 3 terminals. Terminal 1 and Terminal 2, used as international terminals before opening of Suvarnabhumi Airport, while Terminal 3 was used as a domestic terminal. All flights relocated to Terminal 1 on 1 August 2011.[18] Currently Terminal 2 is not used, but it is scheduled to open by 2014.[19]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
AirAsia Kuala Lumpur International
City Airways Hong Kong, Nanjing, Nanchang International
City Airways Phuket Domestic
Indonesia AirAsia Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Medan International
Malindo Air Kuala Lumpur International
Nok Air Buriram, Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Chumphon, Hat Yai, Khon Kaen, Krabi, Loei, Mae Sot, Nakhon Phanom, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Nan, Phitsanulok, Phrae, Phuket, Roi Et, Sakon Nakhon, Surat Thani, Trang, Ubon Ratchathani, Udon Thani Domestic
Nok Air Yangon
Charter: Nanjing
International
Orient Thai Airlines Charter: Guangzhou, Hong Kong International
Orient Thai Airlines Phuket Domestic
R Airlines Macau International
R Airlines Chiang Mai Domestic
Scoot Singapore (begins 1 September 2014)[20] International
Solar Air Chumphon Domestic
Thai AirAsia Changsha, Chennai, Chongqing, Denpasar, Guangzhou, Hangzhou, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur, Kunming, Macau, Mandalay, Penang, Phnom Penh, Shenzhen, Siem Reap, Singapore, Wuhan, Xi'an, Yangon International
Thai AirAsia Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Hat Yai, Khon Kaen, Krabi, Nakhon Phanom, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Narathiwat, Phitsanulok, Phuket, Sakon Nakhon, Surat Thani, Trang, Ubon Ratchathani, Udon Thani Domestic
Thai AirAsia X Osaka-Kansai (begins 1 September 2014), Seoul-Incheon, Tokyo-Narita (begins 1 September 2014) International
Thai Lion Air Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta International
Thai Lion Air Chiang Mai, Hat Yai, Udon Thani (begins october 1, 2014), Krabi (begins October 1, 2014), Phuket (begins October 1, 2014), Surat Thani (begins October 1, 2014)[21] Domestic
Thai Smile Chiang Mai, Khon Kaen, Phuket Domestic

Traffic and statistics[edit]

Don Mueang International Airport Terminal 1

Traffic by calendar year[edit]

Passengers Change from previous year Movements Cargo
(tons)
2008 5,043,235
2009 2,466,997 Decrease051.1%
2010 2,999,867 Increase021.6%
2011 3,424,915 Increase014.2% 51,301
2012 5,983,141 Increase074.7% 65,120 7,329
2013 16,479,227 Increase0472.70% 135,988 16,606
2014 (1st 4 months)[22][23] 6,524,798 Increase027.50% 56,507 6,704
Source: Airports of Thailand

Market share by aircraft[24][edit]

Airline Percentage
Thai AirAsia 43.88%
Nok Air 26.17%
Orient Thai Airlines 4.72%
Nok Mini 4.58%
AirAsia 3.09%
Source: Airports of Thailand
Market share by passengers[24] Percentage
Thai AirAsia 53.69%
Nok Air 32.21%
Orient Thai Airlines 5.86%
AirAsia 3.82%
Indonesia AirAsia 2.36%
Source: Airports of Thailand

Other facilities[edit]

Don Mueang is a joint-use facility with the Royal Thai Air Force's Don Muang Royal Thai Air Force Base, and is the home of the RTAF 1st Air Division, which consists primarily of non-combat aircraft.

The head office of R Airlines is in Rooms 4326 and 4328 on the fourth floor of the International Terminal of Don Mueang International Airport.[25] The head office of Solar Air is in 222 Room 3251.[26]

An RTAF golf course is located between the two runways. The course has no separation from the runway, and golfers are held back by a red light whenever planes land.

Ground transportation[edit]

Originally, the only access is by rail service connecting with Hua Lamphong Railway Station in the center of Bangkok. The train station is across the highway and is linked with the airport by a pedestrian bridge.

There are many BMTA buses routes around the airport.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 25 December 1976 – EgyptAir Flight 864, a Boeing 707-300 bound for Bangkok from Cairo, crashed into an industrial area near the airport during a landing attempt. All 53 aboard were killed.
  • On 27 April 1980 – Thai Airways Flight 231, a BAe 748 which was en route from Khon Kaen to Bangkok, lost altitude during a thunderstorm and crashed about 13 km from Bangkok International Airport. All four crew members and 40 of the 49 passengers were killed.
  • On 9 September 1988– Vietnam Airlines Flight 831 crashed while on approach to Don Mueang International Airport. 76 of the 90 passengers and crew on board were killed.
  • On 26 May 1991 – Lauda Air Flight 004, which was headed to Wien-Schwechat International Airport in Vienna, suffered an in-flight deployment of the thrust reverser on the No. 1 engine after taking off from Don Mueang. There were no survivors from the 213 passengers and 10 crew.
  • If Project Bojinka had not been discovered after a fire in Manila, one or more aircraft owned by US carriers flying to Bangkok would have blown up over the Pacific Ocean on 21 January 1995 as part of the project's first phase.
  • On 23 September 1999 – Qantas Flight 1, in what was then the most serious incident in the airline's famously safe jet aircraft history, a Boeing 747-400 overshot the runway causing significant damage but no casualties.
  • On 3 March 2001 – Thai Airways International Flight 114, a Thai Airways International Boeing 737-400 (HS-TDC), bound for Chiang Mai from Bangkok, was destroyed by an explosion and fire that occurred about 35 minutes before Thaksin Shinawatra, later to become Prime Minister of Thailand, and about 150 other passengers were to board. Five members of the cabin crew were aboard, and one was killed. Witnesses said they heard an explosion before flames erupted aboard the aircraft. Subsequently NTSB investigators reported that the central fuel tank had exploded followed by the right tank 18 minutes later. The cause for the explosion was unclear, and no traces of explosive were found.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bangkok Post, All flights must use new airport from 28 September 19 June 2006
  • Flight International,[31] The airport is presently using the IATA airport code DMK, while Suvarnabhumi Airport has inherited its previous code BKK. Flyer Talk,[32] 26 August 2006.
  1. ^ "AOT Investors Site". Retrieved 11 December 2011. 
  2. ^ http://www.bangkokpost.com/breakingnews/373540/all-international-airports-record-rise
  3. ^ http://www.bangkokairportonline.com/node/70
  4. ^ http://www.tourism-master.nl/2006/09/28/aviation-world%E2%80%99s-oldest-airport-makes-way-for-the-newest/
  5. ^ http://www.airportthai.co.th/ewtadmin85_aot/ewt/aot_web/ewt_news.php?nid=1&filename=map___EN
  6. ^ Exporters pan new export fees
  7. ^ "Qantas steals show at last minute", Bangkok Post, 29 September 2006
  8. ^ ATW: LH Cargo set to be first into Suvarnabhumi
  9. ^ "In With the Old", Aviation Week & Space Technology, 1 January 2007.
  10. ^ Don Muang Airport (DMK) Bangkok Thailand | Don Muang Airport Guide. Donmuangairportonline.com. Retrieved on 25 August 2013.
  11. ^ BBC News – Thai floods: Bangkok Don Muang airport suspends flights
  12. ^ "Low-cost carriers start launching from Don Mueang". The Nation (Bangkok). 1 October 2012. Retrieved 15 October 2012. 
  13. ^ a b Thongrung, Watcharapong; Amnartchareonrit, Bamrung (16 March 2012). "Budget airlines to fly from Don Mueang". The Nation (Bangkok). Retrieved 15 October 2012. 
  14. ^ Mahitthirook, Amornrat; Kositchotethana, Boonsong (21 June 2012). "Airlines get big discounts for move to Don Mueang". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 10 November 2012. 
  15. ^ Pinijparakarn, Sucheera (23 May 2012). "IPO of Asia Aviation is expected to raise Bt4.5 bn". The Nation (Bangkok). Retrieved 15 October 2012. 
  16. ^ Amnartchareonrit, Bamrung (18 August 2012). "Don Mueang will be ready on time, AOT says". The Nation (Bangkok). Retrieved 15 October 2012. 
  17. ^ http://www.bangkokpost.com/business/aviation/368444/don-mueang-t2-set-for-b3bn-makeover
  18. ^ Karnjanatawe, Karnjana (25 July 2011). "Don Muang moves local flights to Terminal 1". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  19. ^ "In the news". The Nation (Bangkok). 13 October 2012. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  20. ^ "Scoot Moves Singapore - Bangkok Service to Bangkok Don Mueang from Sept 2014". Airline Route. 16 July 2014. Retrieved 16 July 2014. 
  21. ^ http://www.bangkokpost.com/business/aviation/425790/thai-lion-air-charts-rapid-growth-path
  22. ^ http://www.ttrweekly.com/site/2014/05/airports-feel-political-pinch/
  23. ^ http://centreforaviation.com/news/bangkok-don-mueang-international-airport-pax-up-28-cargo-up-71-in-apr-2014-339169
  24. ^ a b http://aot.listedcompany.com/misc/PRESN/20131211-AOT-corporatePresentationFY2013-01.pdf
  25. ^ "Headquarter." [sic] R Airlines. Retrieved on 27 January 2013. "Room 4326,4328, Don Mueang International Airport, 4th floor room International Terminal (1), No. 222, Moo 10 Vibhavadi Rangsit Road, Donmueang, Bangkok 10210 "
  26. ^ "Home." Solar Air. Retrieved on 6 March 2013. "222 Room 3251 Don Muang Airport Moo10 Viphavadi-Rangsit Rd, Sanambin, Don Muang, Bangkok 10210" – Address in Thai: "สำนักงานใหญ่ ท่าอากาศยานดอนเมือง 222 ห้อง 3251, อาคารท่าอากาศยานดอนเมือง หมู่10 ถ.วิภาวดี-รังสิต แขวงสนามบิน เขตดอนเมือง กรุงเทพ 10210 "
  27. ^ "14 JUN 1972 Douglas DC-8-53 Japan Air Lines – JAL." Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 23 March 2009.
  28. ^ "Death Toll in Air Disasters Heavy." United Press International via Oshkosh Daily Northwestern. Thursday 15 June 1972. Retrieved on 23 March 2009.
  29. ^ "L2-41/15/210 Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 24 June 2010. 
  30. ^ National Transportation Safety Board (2009). "One-Two-Go Airlines Flight OG269, HS-OMG September 16, 2007, Phuket, Thailand" (PDF). NTSB/DCA07RA063: p.1,p.2. Retrieved 14 July 2011. 
  31. ^ [1][dead link]
  32. ^ Suvarnabhumi – latest news. Important. – Page 3 – FlyerTalk Forums. Flyertalk.com (20 July 2006). Retrieved on 25 August 2013.

External links[edit]