Всевеликое Войско Донское
Vsevelikoye Voysko Donskoye
православный Тихий Дон (Russian)
...[Quiet] Flows the Don
Map of the Don Host Oblast (green).
|Historical era||World War I|
|-||Proclaimed||May 18, 1918|
|a.||A second official language, a dialect of Russian known as Don Cossack or Balachka, was proposed, unsuccessfully, by Ataman Pyotr Krasnov.|
The Don Republic (Russian: Донская Республика, Ukrainian: Донська Республіка), later known as the Almighty Don Host (Russian: Всевеликое Войско Донское Vsevelikoe Voisko Donskoe, Ukrainian: Всевелике Військо Донське Vsevelike Viysko Donske), was an independent democratic republic formed by the Don Cossacks during the Russian Civil War after the collapse of the Russian Empire. This act restored their national independence and statehood that had been lost in 1708 (after the defeat in the Bulavin war against the Tsardom of Russia).
The independence was proclaimed by the assembly of Don Cossacks called the Krug on May 18, 1918. This occurred after the liquidation of the Don Soviet Republic from the territory of the Don Host Oblast on May 10.
The Don Republic claimed the territory of the Don region and the city of Novocherkassk as its capital. Administratively, the Don Republic was divided into 10 okrugs, which are now located in modern-day Rostov and Volgograd Oblasts of Russia and Luhansk and Donetsk Oblasts of neighboring Ukraine.
The Don Republic ceased to exist after the Don Cossacks, who formed an essential part of the White Army, were defeated in the Russian Civil War against the Red Army. Much of the Cossack population was subjected to genocide via the Decossackization in 1919-1921 and the Holodomor in 1932-1933, resulting in eventual disappearance of the whole nation.
During the dissolution of the USSR, in October 1991, the Don Cossack Republic was proclaimed as a subject of the Russian Federation with the capital in Novocherkassk. However, this proclamation was not recognized, and the territory claimed was integrated into the Russian Federation.
- Don Army
- Don Host Oblast
- Kuban People's Republic, a government formed by the Kuban Cossacks in 1918.
- Ukrainian People's Republic
- Post-Russian Empire states
- This article incorporates information from the revision as of 2008-05-18 of the equivalent article on the Russian Wikipedia.
- Soviet order to exterminate Cossacks is unearthed University of York Communications Office, 21 January 2003