Всевелике Військо Донське
Vsevelike Viysko Donske
православный Тихий Дон (Russian)
...[Quiet] Flows the Don
Map of the Don Host Oblast (green).
|Historical era||World War I|
|-||Proclaimed||May 18, 1918|
|a.||A second official language, a dialect of Russian known as Don Cossack or Balachka, was proposed, unsuccessfully, by Ataman Pyotr Krasnov.|
The Don Republic (Ukrainian: Донська Республіка ; Russian: Донская Республика), later known as the Almighty Don Host (Ukrainian: Всевелике Військо Донське Vsevelike Viysko Donske ;Russian: Всевеликое Войско Донское Vsevelikoe Voisko Donskoe), was an anti-Bolshevik state formed during the Russian Civil War after the collapse of the Russian Empire. It was also the name of two organizations formed in the 1990s.
The independence was proclaimed by the assembly of Don Cossacks called the Krug on May 18, 1918. This occurred after the liquidation of the Don Soviet Republic from the territory of the Don Host Oblast on May 10.
The Don Republic claimed the territory of the Don region and the city of Novocherkassk as its capital. Administratively, the Don Republic was divided into 10 okrugs, which are now located in modern-day Rostov and Volgograd Oblasts of Russia and Luhansk and Donetsk Oblasts of neighboring Ukraine.
During the dissolution of the USSR, in October 1991, the Don Cossack Republic was proclaimed as a subject of the Russian Federation with the capital in Novocherkassk. In November 1991, it was declared a subject of the newly proclaimed Union of Cossack Republics in Southern Russia. However, none of these polities were recognized, and the territory claimed by them was integrated into the Russian Federation.
- Don Army
- Don Host Oblast
- Kuban People's Republic, a government formed by the Kuban Cossacks in 1918.
- Ukrainian People's Republic
- Post-Russian Empire states
- This article incorporates information from the revision as of 2008-05-18 of the equivalent article on the Russian Wikipedia.