Don Republic

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Don Republic
Всевеликое Войско Донское
Vsevelikoye Voysko Donskoye


Flag Coat of arms
Всколыхнулся, взволновался
православный Тихий Дон  (Russian)
...[Quiet] Flows the Don
Map of the Don Host Oblast (green).
Capital Novocherkas'k
Languages Russian, Kalmyk language
Religion Eastern Orthodoxy
Government Parliamentary republic
 -  1918–1919 Pyotr Krasnov
 -  1919–1921 Afrikan Bogaevsky
Legislature Krug
Historical era World War I
 -  Proclaimed May 18, 1918
 -  Russian occupation 1920
Currency Don Ruble

The Don Republic (Russian: Донская Республика, later known as the Almighty Don Host, or Russian: Всевеликое Войско Донское, Vsevelikoe Voisko Donskoe), was an independent democratic republic formed by the Don Cossacks during the Russian Civil War after the collapse of the Russian Empire. The republic existed from 1918 to 1920.

The assembly of the Don Cossacks - the Krug - proclaimed the independence of the Don Republic on May 18, 1918. This occurred after the liquidation of the Bolshevik-controlled Don Soviet Republic in the territory of the Don Host Oblast on May 10, 1918.

The Don Republic claimed the territory of the Don region with the city of Novocherkassk as its capital. Administratively, the Don Republic was divided into ten okrugs, covering an area now located in the modern-day Rostov and Volgograd Oblasts of Russia and in the Luhansk and Donetsk Oblasts of neighboring East Ukraine.

The Don Republic ceased to exist after the Don Cossacks, who formed an essential part of the White Army, were defeated by the Red Army in the Russian Civil War. Many of the Russian Cossacks on Don were subjected to a genocide via the Decossackization in 1919-1921, during the Soviet famine of 1932–33 and because of the repatriation of Cossacks after the Second World War by England to the USSR, resulting in the eventual disappearance of the Don Cossacks' movement of resistance to the Soviet Union.

During the dissolution of the USSR, in October 1991, the Don Cossack Republic was proclaimed[by whom?] as a subject of the Russian Federation with its capital in Novocherkassk. However, this proclamation was not recognized, and the territory claimed became integrated into the Russian Federation without autonomous status.

See also[edit]


This article incorporates information from the revision as of 2008-05-18 of the equivalent article on the Russian Wikipedia.

Coordinates: 47°25′00″N 40°06′00″E / 47.4167°N 40.1°E / 47.4167; 40.1