||This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2012)|
Lt. Don Walsh, USN (bottom)
and Jacques Piccard (center)
in the bathyscaphe Trieste
November 2, 1931 |
|Institutions||United States Navy|
|Alma mater||United States Naval Academy|
|Notable awards||Hubbard Medal Award Winner|
Don Walsh (born November 2, 1931) is an American oceanographer, explorer and marine policy specialist. He and Jacques Piccard were aboard the bathyscaphe Trieste when it made a record maximum descent into the Mariana Trench on January 23, 1960, the deepest point of the world's oceans. The depth was measured at 35,813 feet (10,916 m), but later and more accurate measurements have measured it at 35,798 feet (10,911 m).
Walsh has been associated with ocean science, engineering, and marine policy for more than 50 years. He was commissioned as an officer in the United States Navy upon graduation from the United States Naval Academy in 1954. He attained the rank of Captain by the time he retired. He spent 15 years at sea, mostly in submarines, and was a submarine commander. He worked with ocean-related research and development for the Navy. Serving as Dean of Marine Programs and Professor of Ocean Engineering at the University of Southern California, Walsh initiated and directed the university's Institute for Marine and Coastal Studies. In 1989 his company, International Maritime Incorporated, contracted a joint venture with the P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology to establish an underwater maintenance company, Soyuz Marine Service, which continues to operate in the Russian Federation.
Walsh received a Bachelor's degree in Engineering from the U.S. Naval Academy, a Master's degree in Political Science from San Diego State University, and a Master's degree and a Ph.D. in Physical Oceanography from Texas A&M University. He was appointed by Presidents Carter and Reagan to the U.S. National Advisory Committee on Oceans and Atmosphere, was a member of the Law of the Sea Advisory Committee for the U.S. Department of State, and served as a member of the Marine Board of the U.S. National Research Council from 1990 to 1993.
Walsh was named one of the world's great explorers by Life magazine. In the MIR submersible, he dived on the RMS Titanic, the German battleship Bismarck, and the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. He has spent more than five decades traveling the world conducting research in, on, and around the oceans.
On April 14, 2010, The National Geographic Society bestowed its greatest honor, the Hubbard Medal, on Walsh in a ceremony in Washington, D.C. at the National Geographic headquarters. The U.S. Navy awarded Walsh its Distinguished Public Service Award.
It was reported in 2010 that Walsh visited the deep-sea submersible Jiaolong and its makers at the China Ship Scientific Research Center. The craft had "planted a Chinese flag on the bottom of the South China Sea during a two-mile-deep dive in June" as the Chinese program—which Walsh characterized as "very deliberate" -- proceeded toward its ambitious goal of going to 7,000 meters, or 4.35 miles, in 2012.
- Braun, David (April 15, 2010). "Deepest Dive: Geographic Honors Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea". National Geographic Society. Retrieved March 29, 2012.
- Walsh, Meghan (February 3, 2010). "Deepest Dive Ever: 'Another day at the office'". The World. KVAL-TV/Associated Press. Retrieved March 29, 2012.
- Broad, William J. (September 11, 2010). "China Explores a Frontier 2 Miles Deep". The New York Times. Retrieved March 29, 2012.
- Morelle, Rebecca (March 20, 2012). "James Cameron gets ready to dive to the Mariana Trench". BBC News. Retrieved March 29, 2012.
- Walsh, Don (June 2001). "Over the Top: Sailing the Northeast Passage". Proceedings (United States Naval Institute).(subscription required)
- Walsh, Don (January 2005). "The Plastic Ocean". Proceedings (United States Naval Institute).(subscription required)
- "Don Walsh - Oceanographer". About Deep Ocean Expeditions. Deep Ocean Expeditions.
- United States Department of the Navy (February 1, 1960). "Research Vessels: Submersibles - Trieste" (Press release). Office of Naval Research.
- "Dr. Don Walsh: Oceanographer". Arctic Expedition 2005. Students on Ice.
- Hall, Landon (January 23, 2010). "Seven miles under the sea". The Orange County Register.
- "Captain Don Walsh, USN (ret) Ph.D.". Oceancareers.com. Centers for Ocean Sciences Education Excellence (COSEE).
- "A Tea for Marta". The Explorers Club Northern California Chapter. June 2008.