Donald A. Bailey
|Donald A. Bailey|
|47th Auditor General of Pennsylvania|
January 15, 1985 – January 17, 1989
|Preceded by||Al Benedict|
|Succeeded by||Barbara Hafer|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 21st district
January 3, 1979 – January 3, 1983
|Preceded by||John Dent|
|Succeeded by||Tom Ridge|
|Born||Donald Allen Bailey
July 21, 1945
|Alma mater||University of Michigan (BA)
Duquesne University (J.D.)
|Occupation||Attorney, Politician, Soldier|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
Army Commendation Medal
Donald Allen "Don" Bailey (born July 21, 1945) is an American politician and lawyer, from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. He was a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from 1979 to 1983, Auditor General of Pennsylvania from 1985 to 1989, and a candidate for the Democratic nomination for United States Senate and Governor of Pennsylvania. His Congressional District (PA-21) included all of Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania with a sliver of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, prior to the 1981 redistricting.
- 1 Early life, education, and early career
- 2 U.S. House of Representatives (1979-1983)
- 3 Auditor General of Pennsylvania (1985-1989)
- 4 Legal career (1989-Present)
- 5 Political campaigns since 1986
- 6 Trivia
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes
- 9 References
Early life, education, and early career
Bailey was born Allegheny County to Glenn and Anna Bailey. He was raised in Allegheny and Westmoreland counties. He graduated from Greensburg High School in 1963. He received a BA from the University of Michigan in 1967. He was a member of both his high school and college football teams.
After college he entered the United States Army, serving with the 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions in Vietnam. He was awarded Silver Star, three Bronze Stars, two with the Valor device, one for meritorious achievement, Army Commendation Medal, with "V" for Valor, Air Medal, and a second Army Commendation Medal for meritorious service.
After Vietnam, Bailey, worked at a number of "blue collar" jobs, including as a steelworker at J. & L. Steel Corp., during which time he was a member of the United Steelworkers of America. He also graduated from Duquesne University School of Law with a J.D., in 1976, on the G.I. Bill. He was admitted to the Pennsylvania bar the same year.
U.S. House of Representatives (1979-1983)
In 1978, incumbent Democrat John Dent of Pennsylvania's 21st congressional district decided to retire. Bailey ran and won the Democratic primary with a plurality of 23% in an 11 candidate field. He won the general election with 53% of the vote.
After redistricting by the state legislature, Bailey's district in 1982 was one of two eliminated as a result of slow-growth in Pennsylvania compared to other states. Most of his district, including his home in Westmoreland County, was merged with the 12th District of fellow Democrat U.S. Congressman and Vietnam veteran John Murtha, who had been serving since 1974. Despite the fact that most of the district was represented by Murtha, Bailey decided to run in the newly redrawn Pennsylvania's 12th congressional district. Murtha defeated Bailey in the primary 52%-38%.
He frequently criticized Democrat President Jimmy Carter. However, when Carter was challenged by liberal U.S. Senator Ted Kennedy, Bailey and most Western Pennsylvania Democrats endorsed Carter. Bailey said "Carter is still the best alternative."
He neogotiated for loans for the Wheeling-Pittsburgh Steel company. In 1981, he opposed raising the retirement age. He also voted against spending cuts proposed by Republican President Ronald Reagan and against a Balanced budget amendment.
- United States House Committee on Ways and Means
- United States House Committee on Education and Labor
- United States House Ethics Committee
- United States House Committee on Armed Services
Auditor General of Pennsylvania (1985-1989)
In 1984, Bailey ran for Pennsylvania Auditor General as a Democrat, defeating Republican Susan Shanaman 51%-48%. He was the only Democratic nominee to win statewide that year. During his tenure as Auditor General, Bailey established the first work-site child daycare facility in Pennsylvania government, established minimum education standards for state auditors, and generally modernized auditing procedures.
Legal career (1989-Present)
Since leaving the Auditor General office in 1989, Bailey has been a full-time attorney, based in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. His specialties include civil rights. He is also quoted as calling himself, an "equal opportunity suer " and does take clients litigating with both Democrats and Republicans. On October 2, 2013, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania suspended Bailey from practice for 5 years as a result of having made alleged false allegations regarding several federal judges in a civil rights case.
Political campaigns since 1986
1986 U.S. Senate election
1988 Auditor General election
1992 Auditor General election
Bailey ran for Auditor General again in 1992. He lost the Democratic primary to State Senator H. Craig Lewis, who won with a plurality of 40% of the vote. Businessman Jack O'Brien ranked second with 27%, Bailey ranked third with 20%, and State Senator Roy C. Afflerbach was last with 12%.
1998 gubernatorial election
2012 Attorney General election
- Bailey was the most decorated military veteran in the United States House during the 97th United States Congress.
- As an all-star college football player, Bailey played in the 1965 Rose Bowl and North/South All Star Game.
Much of the information is taken from the Congressional Biography website and the offline Pennsylvania Manual, volumes 105 (1981) and 108 (1987).
- "Top State Officials Sworn In". The Allentown Morning Call. January 16, 1985. Retrieved December 9, 2011.
- "Casey welcomes Knoll, Hafer, Preate to Office". The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. January 18, 1989. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- Pennsylvania Manual, Vol. 108, p. 323 (1987)
- Donald A. Bailey at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved on 2008-04-04
- Lawyers Weekly
- The Political Graveyard
|United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 21st congressional district
|Auditor General of Pennsylvania
|Party political offices|
|Democratic nominee for Auditor General of Pennsylvania