Donald A. Quarles

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Donald A. Quarles
Donald A. Quarles.jpg
United States Deputy Secretary of Defense
In office
May 1, 1957 – May 8, 1959
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
Preceded by Reuben B. Robertson, Jr.
Succeeded by Thomas S. Gates
4th Secretary of the Air Force
In office
August 15, 1955 – April 30, 1957
President Dwight Eisenhower
Preceded by Harold E. Talbott
Succeeded by James H. Douglas, Jr.
Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering
In office
September 1, 1953 – August 14, 1955
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
Preceded by Walter G. Whitman
Succeeded by Clifford C. Furnas
Personal details
Born (1894-07-30)July 30, 1894
Van Buren, Arkansas, USA
Died May 8, 1959(1959-05-08) (aged 64)
Washington, D.C., USA
Political party Republican

Donald Aubrey Quarles (July 30, 1894 - May 8, 1959) was a communications engineer, senior level executive with Bell Telephone Laboratories and Western Electric, and a top official in the United States Department of Defense during the Eisenhower Administration. He served as both Secretary of the Air Force and Deputy Secretary of Defense.

Early years[edit]

He was born on July 30, 1894 in Van Buren, Arkansas.

Quarles graduated from Van Buren High School in 1910 at age of 15. He taught mathematics in Van Buren High School, and attended summer school at University of Missouri until he was accepted into Yale University in 1912. He graduated from Yale with a bachelor of arts degree in 1916.[1][2]

In May 1917, Quarles enlisted in the United States Army for service during World War I. He was a member of the 42nd Infantry Division (better known as the "Rainbow Division"). As an artillery officer, Quarles attained the rank of captain and served in France and Germany for two years.[1][2]

Laboratory engineer[edit]

After the war, Quarles went to work at Western Electric Company. During this time, he also studied theoretical physics at Columbia University on a part-time basis. In 1925, he joined Bell Telephone Labs in Murray Hill, New Jersey. Through the 1930s and early 1940s, Quarles continued to advance within the Bell Labs organization.[1]

In 1940, he was selected as director of the Transmission Development Department which concentrated on military electronic systems, particularly radar development. He became director of Bell’s Apparatus Development in 1946. He was elected Mayor of Englewood, New Jersey in 1946 to 1948.[3][4] He then was vice president of Bell Telephone Laboratories in 1948. During this time, he was appointed to the new Committee on Electronics within the Department of Defense’s Joint Research and Development Board, becoming chairman of the Committee on Electronics in 1949. In March 1952, Quarles became vice president of Western Electric and president of Sandia Corporation. Sandia was a subsidiary company of Western Electric responsible for operating the Atomic Energy Commission’s Sandia National Laboratory in Albuquerque, New Mexico.[1] Quarles was president of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers from 1952 to 1953.[3]

Public service[edit]

In September 1953, President Dwight D. Eisenhower appointed Quarles Assistant Secretary of Defense for research and development. Subsequently, he was jointly selected by both the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Commerce to be the chairman of the Air Navigation Development Board. In March 1954, President Eisenhower appointed Quarles to the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics.[2]

On August 11, 1955, President Eisenhower appointed Quarles as interim Secretary of the Air Force, and he was sworn into office August 15, 1955. The United States Senate confirmed his appointment on February 16, 1956. As Secretary, Quarles stressed the need to use cutting edge technology to maintain military superiority over the Soviet Union. He supported expanded funding for research and development programs, and pressed for rapid fielding of B-52 Stratofortress, F-102 Delta Dagger, and F-104 Starfighter aircraft.[1][2]

He resigned as Secretary of the Air Force on April 30, 1957 to accept a new Presidential appointment as Deputy Secretary of Defense. He remained in that position until his sudden death from a heart attack in Washington, D.C., on May 8, 1959.[2]

Funeral[edit]

Donald Quarles' funeral procession at Arlington Cemetery

Quarles was given a special military funeral arranged by Military District of Washington. Beginning at noon on May 11, 1959, his casket lay in the Bethlehem Chapel at the Washington National Cathedral for twenty-four hours. The funeral service was held in the nave of the cathedral the next day. Following the service, a hearse carried his casket to the Memorial Gate at Arlington National Cemetery where the casket was transferred to a caisson. A military escort, consisting of one platoon each from the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Coast Guard lead the funeral procession to the grave site. Vice President Richard M. Nixon led the official party at public funeral service and Arlington procession, and President Eisenhower attended the graveside rites.[5]

Among the many honors Quarles received during his career as an engineer and public official were honorary doctorate degrees in engineering from the University of Arkansas in 1953 and New York University in 1955. He received the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic[clarification needed] from Italy and the La Cruz Peruana al Merito Aeonautico from Peru in 1956. In 1957, be received the Order of Aeronautical Merit from Brazil and the Major General C.C. Williams Gold Medal from the American Ordnance Association. That year, he was also awarded the United States Air Force Exceptional Service Award.

Legacy[edit]

He was posthumously awarded the United States' Medal of Freedom in 1959.[2][6] In 1966, a mountain range in Antarctica was named after Quarles. The Quarles Range was named at the outset of the International Geophysical Year and organization of U.S. activity in Antarctica.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e United States Air Force senior executive biography, "Donald A. Quarles", Air Force Link, Air Force History Support Office, Washington, D.C., February 14, 2008.
  2. ^ a b c d e f United States Air Force, "Donald A. Quarles", Air Force Link, Air Force History Office, Washington, D.C., February 14, 2008.
  3. ^ a b "Donald A. Quarles". IEEE Global History Network. IEEE. Retrieved August 9, 2011. "Active in civic affairs in Englewood, Mr. Quarles has served as a member and then president of the Common Council from 1940 to 1946, and as mayor from 1946 to 1948. ..." 
  4. ^ "D. A. Quarles". Bell Laboratories Record. March 1, 1952. Retrieved 2011-10-31. "... He was previously a resident and at one time, mayor of Englewood, New Jersey." 
  5. ^ "Donald Aubrey Quarles, Captain, United States Army, Secretary of the Air Force, Deputy Secretary of Defense", Arlington National Cemetery website, March 19, 2006.
  6. ^ "Quarles, Donald A., papers 1950–59", Dwight D. Eisenhower Library, Abilene, Kansas, July 1975.
  7. ^ "Quarles Range". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2012-01-24. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Walter G. Whitman
Assistant Secretary of Defense (Research and Development)
1953–1955
Succeeded by
Clifford C. Furnas
Preceded by
Robert B. Anderson
United States Deputy Secretary of Defense
1955–1959
Succeeded by
Thomas S. Gates, Jr.