Donald L. Barlett

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Donald Barlett)
Jump to: navigation, search
Donald L. Barlett
Born (1936-07-17) July 17, 1936 (age 78)
Johnstown, Pennsylvania
Ethnicity Caucasian
Occupation Investigative journalist, non-fiction writer
Notable credit(s) The Philadelphia Inquirer, Time (magazine), Vanity Fair (magazine), books:Empire: The Life, Legend, and Madness of Howard Hughes (with James B. Steele), Forevermore: Nuclear Waste in America (with James B. Steele), America: What Went Wrong?(with James B. Steele), America: Who Really Pays the Taxes? (with James B. Steele), America: Who Stole the Dream (with James B. Steele), The Great American Tax Dodge (with James B. Steele), Critical Condition (with James B. Steele).
Spouse(s) Nancy Barlett
Website
http://barlettandsteele.com/index.php

Donald L. Barlett (born July 17, 1936) is an American investigative journalist and author who often collaborates with James B. Steele. According to The Washington Journalism Review (Magazine) they were a better investigative reporting team than even Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein.[1] Together they have won two Pulitzer Prizes, two National Magazine Awards and six George Polk Awards. In addition, they have been recognized by their peers with awards from Investigative Reporters and Editors on five separate occasions. They are known for their reporting technique of delving deep into documents and then, after what could be a long investigative period, interviewing the necessary sources.[2] The duo has been working together for over 40 years and is frequently referred to as Barlett and Steele.

Life[edit]

Barlett was raised in Johnstown, Pennsylvania. After attending Pennsylvania State University, he served three years as a special agent with the US Army Counter Intelligence Corps until 1956, when he began his journalistic career as a reporter for the Reading (Pennsylvania) Times. Nine years later he become an investigative journalist for The Plain Dealer, and later took similar jobs with The Chicago Daily News and The Philadelphia Inquirer, where he was to join his collaborator James B. Steele. In 1997, Barlett and Steele became an editors-at-large for Time. In 2006, they moved to Vanity Fair as contributing editors. Over the years, Barlett and Steele wrote on such diverse topics as crime, housing, nuclear waste, tax loopholes, the decline of the middle class's standard of living, Howard Hughes, the role of big money in politics, oil prices, immigration and health care.

Barlett and Steele won two Pulitzers and were recognized for their contributions to American journalism for their work while at The Philadelphia Inquirer. In 1972, during one of their earliest collaborations for The Inquirer, Barlett and Steele pioneered the use of computers for the analysis of data on violent crimes.[citation needed] Barlett and Steele won their first Pulitzer Prize for National Reporting in 1975 for a series called "Auditing the Internal Revenue Service" published by The Inquirer.[3] They won their second Pulitzer Prize for National Reporting in 1989 at the Inquirer for their coverage of temporary tax breaks embedded in the Tax Reform Act of 1986.[4] Their 1991 Inquirer series America: What Went Wrong? was named by the New York University department of journalism as 51st on its list of the 100 best pieces of journalism of the 20th century.[5] Rewritten as a book it became a No. 1 New York Times bestseller. It is one of seven books Barlett and Steele have published, five of which were written while at the The Inquirer.

After 26 years as a team for The Inquirer, Barlett and Steele left to pursue investigative reporting at Time.[6] It was while they were at Time that the investigative reporting team won their two National Magazine Awards, as well at their record breaking 6th George Polk Award, although this time for excellence in magazine journalism.[7]

After leaving Time over monetary issues, Barlett and Steele were hired by Vanity Fair to be contributing editors on the understanding that they would contribute two articles in their signature long-form style each year.[8][9] In 2007, Barlett and Steele, while still working for Vanity Fair, were featured in the PBS documentary series, Exposé: America's Investigative Reports, in an episode entitled "Friends In High Places," which was about government contracts. When asked on the program how they have managed to work for so many years together, Barlett said, "We're both very boring. Who else reads the tax codes?" Their lifelong passion for documents have fueled their career and led to important and award winning journalism.

Barlett is married and has a son as well as a stepson.

Impact[edit]

Barlett and Steele are used as examples in investigative reporting textbooks as a model of technique and excellence in journalism. As career investigative journalists, Barlett and Steele have become well known for their teamwork,[10] "documents state of mind,"[11] consistent accuracy,[12] "replicability" for revealing their sources,[13] and ability to make their work relevant to ordinary people, such as in "America: What Went Wrong?". Their employers, especially Gene Roberts at The Inquirer,[14] provided them with the opportunity to spend a long period of time reviewing documents in pursuit of journalism with depth and gave them the space to publish their work in lengthy articles in newspapers and magazines.

About Barlett and Steele, fellow investigative reporter Bob Woodward said, "They're an institution. They have kind of perfected a method of doing their work, and I have the highest regard for it. Systematic, comprehensive - they take a long time, and they don't mind saying what their conclusions are."[15]

Both Pulitzer Prize Awards illustrate the auditing function of investigative journalism, whereby the press as "The Fourth Estate" watches over government. In 1975, they audited the Internal Revenue Service. In 1989, they acted as watchdogs over the House Ways and Means Committee Chair Dan Rostenkowski and the insertion by Democrats and Republicans of temporary tax breaks in the Tax Reform Act of 1986 that favored business and saved millions.[16]

Barlett and Steele are acknowledged as having had an impact on business investigative journalism throughout their four-decade career, and the Donald W. Reynolds National Center for Business Journalism established an annual award in their name in 2007.

Books[edit]

  • Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1985). Forevermore: Nuclear Waste in America. W.W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0-393-01920-9. 
  • Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1992). America: What Went Wrong?. Andrews and McMeel. ISBN 0-8362-7001-0. 
  • Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1996). America: Who Stole the Dream?. Andrews and McMeel. ISBN 0-8362-1314-9. 
  • Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (2000). The Great American Tax Dodge: How Spiraling Fraud and Avoidance are Killing Fairness, Destroying the Income Tax, And Costing You. Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 0-316-81135-1. 
  • Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (2004). Critical Condition: How Health Care in America Became Big Business — and Bad Medicine. Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-50454-3. 

Newspaper articles[edit]

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1988-04-10). "How the Influential win Billions in Special Tax Breaks". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1988-04-10). "The Tax Chairmen Fail to Respond to Queries". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A14. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1988-04-10). "A Rich Texas Widow Could Save $4 Million". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A15. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1988-04-11). "A Millionaire Businessman and his Island Tax Shelter". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1988-04-11). "A Tax Favor for Backer of Conservative Causes". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A07. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1988-04-12). "How Businesses Influence the Tax-Writing Process". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1988-04-13). "Disguising Those who get Tax Breaks". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1988-04-13). "Investors take over a Vital Atomic Plant a Tax-Saving Strategy Develops". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A10. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1988-04-14). "Congress can't add, so the Taxpayer pays". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1988-04-14). "The Wall Street star who Started Catalyst Energy". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A18. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1988-04-14). "A $4 Billion Price Tag to Stop a Nuclear Plant". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A19. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1988-04-15). "One Firm's Huge Break". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1988-04-16). "Crusing, at Taxpayers' Expense". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1988-04-16). "A Big Bailouts for Steel Firms with the Assistance of Heinz". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A07. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1988-09-25). "The Tax-Break Sweepstakes". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1988-09-25). "The Tax War Between the Chickens and the Pigs". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A17. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1988-09-26). "Family Football Seeks Bonus Through Tax Bill". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1988-09-26). "A Historic Hotel and its Quest for a Tax Cut". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1990-11-04). "A Tax Increase for the Rich that's no Increase at all". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

"America: What Went Wrong?"[edit]

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1991-13-29). "How the Game was Rigged Against the Middle Class". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1991-10-20). "Who -- and how many -- in America's Middle Class". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A16. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1991-10-20). "After 3 Decades, American Worker Loses out to Mexico". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A17. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1991-10-21). "The Lucrative Business of Bankruptcy". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1991-10-22). "Big Business Hits that Jackpot with Billions in Tax Breaks". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1991-10-23). "Why the World is Closing in on U.S. Economy". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1991-10-24). "The High Cost of Deregulation". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1991-10-25). "For Millions in U.S., a Harsh Reality". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1991-10-25). "How Death came to a Once-Prosperous Discount-Store Chain". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A21. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1991-10-26). "Raiders work their Wizardry on an All-American Company". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1991-10-27). "When you Retire, Will There be a Pension Waiting?". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1991-10-27). "Workers Saving for Their Retirement Lose on Junk Bonds". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A17. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1991-10-28). "How Special Interest Groups have their way with Washington". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1992-02-02). "The Politics of Tax Breaks in an Election Year". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

"America: Who Stole the Dream?"[edit]

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1996-09-08). "How U.S. Policies are Costing America Jobs". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1996-09-08). "Why the Series Came to be". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A18. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1996-09-09). "Importing Goods, Exporting Jobs". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1996-09-10). "Endangered Label: Made in the USA". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1996-09-11). "The "New" American Worker". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1996-09-12). "The Burden of the Working Woman". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1996-09-15). "Shortcut to U.S. Jobs". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1996-09-16). "Say Goodbye to High-Tech Jobs". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1996-09-17). "The Lobbying Game: Influence-Brokers in D.C.". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1996-09-18). "One American Industry that Thrives: Retraining". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1996-09-22). "A Nation in Search of Answers". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A01. 

Magazine articles[edit]

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1998-11-09). "States At War". Time. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1998-11-09). "Corporate Welfare". Time. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1998-11-16). "Fantasy Islands". Time. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1998-11-23). "Sweet Deal". Time. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1998-11-23). "Paying A Price For Polluters". Time. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1998-11-30). "The Empire Of The Pigs". Time. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (1998-11-30). "Five Ways Out". Time. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (2000-02-07). "How The Little Guy Gets Crunched". Time. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (2000-02-07). "How to Become a Top Banana". Time. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (2000-05-15). "Soaked By Congress". Time. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (2000-09-25). "Throwing The Game". Time. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (2002-12-16). "Who Gets The Money?". Time. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (2002-12-16). "Wheel Of Misfortune". Time. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (2002-12-23). "Playing The Political Slots". Time. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (2003-02-03). "The Really Unfair Tax". Time. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (2003-05-19). "The Oily Americans". Time. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (2003-05-19). "Iraq's Crude Awakening". Time. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (2003-07-21). "The U.S. is Running Out of Energy". Time. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (2003-10-13). "The Great Energy Scam". Time. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (2003-10-13). "Asleep at the Switch". Time. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (2004-02-02). "Why We Pay So Much for Drugs". Time. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (2004-02-02). "Has Your Life Become Too Much A Game Of Chance?". Time. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (2004-09-20). "Who Left the Door Open?". Time. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (2005-10-23). "The Broken Promise". Time. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (2005-10-31). "Where Pensions Are Golden". Time. 

Barlett, Donald L.; Steele, James B. (March 2007). "Washington's $8 Billion Shadow". Vanity Fair. 

References[edit]

References

Lovelady, Steve (2006-05-18). "Once There Were Giants". CJR Daily. 

Notes
  1. ^ Ponnuru, Ramesh (17 July 2000). "Time's Terrible Two: The perils of Barlett and Steele". National Review LII (13). 
  2. ^ Alter, Jonathan (April 24, 1989). "Two Reporters You Don't Want on Your Tail". Newsweek. 
  3. ^ "1975 Winners". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved 30 April 2011. 
  4. ^ "1989 Winners and Finalists". The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved 30 April 2011. 
  5. ^ Barringer, Felicity (March 1, 1999). "Journalism's Greatest Hits: Two Lists of a Century's Top Stories". The New York Times. 
  6. ^ O'Reilly, David (Feb 2, 1997). "Barlett, Steele Leave Inquirer After 26 Years". The Philadelphia Inquirer. 
  7. ^ Colford, Paul (March 16, 2001). "Time Pair Snare Record Sixth Polk". Daily News (New York). 
  8. ^ Seelye, Katharine (May 18, 2006). "Richard Stengel Is Chosen To Be Top Editor at Time". The New York Times. 
  9. ^ Seelye, Katharine (August 7, 2006). "An Established Reporting Team Moves to Vanity Fair". The New York Times. 
  10. ^ Meyer, Philip (April 28, 2011). "In Pulitzers, journalism's evolution is taking shape". USA Today. 
  11. ^ Houston, Brant; Investigative Reporters and Editors, Inc. (2009). The Investigative Reporter's Handbook. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's. p. 5. ISBN 978-0-312-58997-4. 
  12. ^ Cox, James (April 14, 1992). "Stoking Fires of Debate". USA Today. 
  13. ^ Marvin, Carolyn; Philip Meyer (2005). "What Kind of Journalism Does the Public Need?". In Geneva Overholser & Kathleen Hall Jamieson. The Press. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 400–411 [403]. ISBN 978-0-19-517283-6. 
  14. ^ Cauchon, Dennis (August 1, 1990). "Roberts to leave 'Inquirer'". USA Today. 
  15. ^ Cox, James (April 14, 1992). "Stoking Fires of Debate". USA Today. 
  16. ^ Smith, Rosslyn (16 August 2010). "Two Cheers for Old-Fashioned Political Scoundrels". American Thinker. Retrieved 6 September 2010. 

External links[edit]