Donald Mackay, 11th Lord Reay

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The Right Honourable
Lord Reay
KT, GCSI, GCIE, PC, DL, JP
Donald James Mackay Lord Reay.jpg
Governor of Bombay
In office
1885–1890
Monarch Victoria
Preceded by Sir James Fergusson, Bt
Succeeded by Lord Harris
Under-Secretary of State for India
In office
11 March 1894 – 21 June 1895
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister The Earl of Rosebery
Preceded by George W. E. Russell
Succeeded by The Earl of Onslow
Personal details
Born 22 December 1839 (1839-12-22)
The Hague, Netherlands
Died 1 August 1921 (1921-09)
Nationality British
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s) Fanny Hasler

Donald James Mackay, 11th Lord Reay, KT, GCSI, GCIE, PC, DL, JP (22 December 1839 – 1 August 1921) (in the Netherlands: Donald Jacob, Baron Mackay, Lord of Ophemert and Zennewijnen) was a Dutch-born British administrator and Liberal politician.

Background[edit]

Mackay was born Donald Jacob baron Mackay in The Hague, Netherlands,[1] the son of Aeneas Mackay, 10th Lord Reay,[2] a Dutch member of Parliament, and jonkvrouw Maria Catharina Anna Jacoba Fagel,[1] daughter of mr. Jacob baron Fagel and jkvr. Maria Boreel, relative of the Boreel baronets.[3]

Political career[edit]

Lord Reay succeeded his father in 1876 and was naturalised as a British subject in 1877.[3] He was created Baron Reay, of Durness in the County of Sutherland, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, in 1881.[4] In 1885 he was appointed Governor of Bombay,[5] a post he held until 1890.[2] He was appointed a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire in 1887 and a Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India in 1890.[3] After his return to Britain he served as Under-Secretary of State for India between 1894 and 1895 in Lord Rosebery Liberal administration.[2] He was also a British delegate at the Second Peace Conference which led to the signing of the Hague Convention 1907. Other British delegates included Ernest Satow and Eyre Crowe.[citation needed]

Other public appointments[edit]

Apart from his political and administrative career Lord Reay was Rector of St Andrews University from 1884 to 1886,[6] Chairman of the London School Board (1897 – 1904), President of the Royal Asiatic Society (1893–1921) and University College, London, and first President of the British Academy from 1901 to 1907.[7] He was also Lord Lieutenant of Roxburghshire from 1892 to 1918 and served as President of the first day of the 1882 Co-operative Congress.[8] He was sworn of the Privy Council in 1906[9] and made a Knight of the Thistle in 1911.[10]

He received an honorary doctorate (LL.D) from the University of Glasgow during their 450th jubilee celebrations in June 1901.[11]

He remained in contact with the Dutch community and attended the reception and spoke with the famous Dutch writer Louis Couperus (1863-1923) on the occasion of his visit to London in June 1921, being invited by the Dutch ambassador in London, René de Marees van Swinderen (1860-1955), and which visit was mainly organised by his translator Alexander Teixeira de Mattos (1865-1921).[12]

Family[edit]

Lord Reay married Fanny Georgiana Jane, daughter of Richard Hasler, of Aldingbourne, Sussex, in 1877. They had no children. He died in August 1921, aged 81. On his death the barony of 1881 became extinct while he was succeeded in the Scottish title by his cousin Eric baron Mackay (1870-1921) who was succeeded only three months later by his son Sir Aeneas Alexander baron Mackay (1905-1963), 13th Lord Reay, member of the House of Lords (1955-1959).[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Birth certificate, The Hague Municipal Archive
  2. ^ a b c d thepeerage.com Sir Donald James Mackay, 11th Lord Reay
  3. ^ a b c Nederland's Adelsboek 88 (1999), p. 28.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25021. p. 4891. 30 September 1881.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25448. p. 920. 3 March 1885.
  6. ^ Lord Rectors of St Andrews 1858-to date
  7. ^ britac.ac.uk Donald James Mackay, KT, FBA, 11th Baron Reay (1839-1921)
  8. ^ Congress Presidents 1869-2002, February 2002, retrieved 10 May 2008 
  9. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27886. p. 1133. 16 February 1906.
  10. ^ leighrayment.com Knights of the Thistle
  11. ^ "Glasgow University jubilee" The Times (London). Friday, 14 June 1901. (36481), p. 10.
  12. ^ Ronald Breugelmans, Louis Couperus. Lion of the season. Raamsdonk, De Roofpers, 1982

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
George W. E. Russell
Under-Secretary of State for India
1894–1895
Succeeded by
The Earl of Onslow
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir James Fergusson
Governor of Bombay
1885–1890
Succeeded by
The Lord Harris
Preceded by
The Marquess of Londonderry
Chairman of the London School Board
1897–1904
Succeeded by
Board abolished
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Duke of Roxburghe
Lord Lieutenant of Roxburghshire
1892–1918
Succeeded by
The Duke of Roxburghe
Academic offices
Preceded by
Sir Theodore Martin
Rector of the University of St Andrews
1884–1886
Succeeded by
Arthur Balfour
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Aeneas Mackay
Lord Reay
1876–1921
Succeeded by
Eric Mackay
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Reay
1881–1921
Extinct
Dutch nobility
Preceded by
Aeneas Mackay
Baron Mackay
1839–1921
Succeeded by
Eric Mackay