|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2012)|
November 16, 1893|
Philadelphia, United States
|Died||January 9, 1962
Philadelphia, United States
|Height||178 cm / 5' 10"|
|Weight||72 kg / 159 lb|
|Event(s)||100 meters, 200 meters|
|College team||Penn Quakers|
|Achievements and titles|
|Personal best(s)||100m - 10.6 s, WR (1912)
100 y - 9.6 s, WR (1913)
200 m - 21.8 s (1912)
220 y - 21.2 s, WR= straight track (1913)
4x440y - 3:18.0, WR (1915)
|Olympic medal record|
|Competitor for the United States|
|Silver||1912 Stockholm||200 metres|
|Bronze||1912 Stockholm||100 metres|
Donald Fithian "Don" Lippincott (November 16, 1893 – January 9, 1963) was an American athlete who competed in the sprint events.
Lippincott was the first record holder over 100 meters as recognised by the IAAF (then the International Amateur Athletics Federation, now known as the International Association of Athletics Federations). He set the world record in a heat of 100 m at the 1912 Olympics.
Life as a student
Lippincott was a successful student athlete at Penn. In 1913, he equalled the world record for the 100 yards at 9.6 s and equalled Ralph Craig's record for 220 y (straight track) at 21.2 s. He also, in 1915, was a member of the Penn 4x440 y relay team that set a new world record of 3:18.0.
Lippincott also had a time recorded for 440 y of 48.0 s and, though this is a suspect timing, he was without doubt a talented performer over this distance.
During his time at Penn, Lipincott was a member of the varsity track team that was the dominant force in college track and field at the time, winning 3 Intercollegiate association of Amateur Athletics of America (IC4A) championships in 4 years in the period 1910-13. The team was coached by Mike Murphy who died in 1913. It is said Lippincott ran the 220 y in world record time to guarantee Murphy his last championship. In 1915, Lippincott was named captain of the track team.
Lippincott also did well in other areas of student life. He was a member of:
- Phi Kappa Beta Junior Honorary Society
- Sphinx Senior Society
- Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity
- Canteen club
As a student athlete, he also acted as:
- head cheerleader
- member of the Board of Director of the Athletic Association
Lippincott had been spotted as a talent whilst a freshman at Penn, and was offered a place on the Olympics team if he could fund his own travel.
The story within the Lippincott family is that his mother tried to stop him travelling because she was worried about his sea voyage to Europe following the sinking of the Titanic only months before. She tried to persuade Lippincott's father to write his son a letter stating that the family business was struggling and no money for travel would be forthcoming. In the end he did raise the sponsorship money from Penn alumni and his parents relented. There is no evidence that the business was indeed struggling at the time and the family remained wealthy.
In 1912, the USA Olympic trials consisted of 3 area meets (Western, Central and Eastern) that served as guides for team selection by the USOC and the AAU in conjunction. Lippincott ran in the Eastern trials (held in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on June 8) finishing fourth in the 100 m final but was elimintated at the semi-final stage in the 200 m. In the end, Lippincott was one of eleven American athletes selected for the 100m![note 1]
Lippincott set the world record in a heat 16 of 100 m. Richard Rau was considered to have the then unofficial world's best time of 10.5 s but this had not been properly ratified. The time was actually quoted as 10 3/5 s, as the hand watches of the day recorded race times in 1/5 (0.2) s increments. Lippincott would remain world record holder for eight years without peers (in 1920 Jackson Scholz gained a share of the record, and in 1921 Charlie Paddock recorded a new record of 10.4 s).
In the 100 m final itself there were seven false starts, one of which led to both Lippincott and the eventual winner Ralph Craig sprinting the whole length of the track. To relieve his tension at the start, Lippincott squeezed a cork that is still in the family's possession.
When the race finally got underway, George Patching from South Africa (the only non-American in the final) led until halfway, where the three Americans Craig, Lippincott and Alvah Meyer drew level. Craig then drew ahead, but it was a blanket finish and the crowd was unsure who had won. So it was left to the judges to announce the final result, Craig first, Meyer second and Lippincott third.
Lippincot was not a member of the USA team that was disqualified for exchanging outside the zone in their semi-final. The USA team with any combination of their sprinters were the overwhelming favourites for the 4x100 m relay title.
After graduation in 1915, Lippincott saw war service in the Great War as a lieutenant in the US Navy. After the war, he went into banking in Philadelphia, eventually becoming a broker, first with Samuel McCreery and Co. and later with Merrill Lynch.
Lippincott supported his alma mater, Penn, by becoming the president of the Class of 1915, and in doing so helping to establish the "Class of ’15 Award" for the male student who excelled best both athletically and academically. He also helped to establish the annual football club dinner.
- From the 1920 Olympics, a maximum of 4 athletes could be selected in a single event, which was changed in 1932 to the present maximum of 3.
- http://www.sports-reference.com/olympics/athletes/li/donald-lippincott-1.html Donald Lippincott, sports-reference.com. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
- Progression of IAAF World Records, 2011 edition, Editor Imre Motrahazi, IAAF, p 495.
- http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/olympics/18409733 'How Donald Lippincott blazed trail as first 100m record holder', Tim Franks, BBC Sport, 12 June 2012.
- http://www.archives.upenn.edu/people/1800s/lippincott_donald_fithian.html, Donald Fithian Lippincott (1893-1963), Penn Biographies, Penn University Archives & record Center. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- Duncanson N, The Fastest Men on Earth, p 33.
- E L Quercetani & G Pallicca, A World History of Sprint Racing 1850-2005, p 37.
- Duncanson N, The Fastest Men on Earth, p 31.
- http://www.usatf.org/statistics/champions/OlympicTrials/HistoryOfTheOlympicTrials.pdf The History of the United States Olympic Trials - Track & Field, R Hymans, USA Track & Field, 2008, p 3. and 45.
- Duncanson N, The Fastest Men on Earth, p 32.
- http://speedendurance.com/2012/06/26/100-meters-wr-photo-finish-timekeeping-100-years-later/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+Speedendurance+%28Speedendurance.com%29, 'The 100 meters WR, Photo Finish and Timekeeping 100 Years Later', speedendurance.com, June 26, 2012. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- http://www.iaaf.org/Mini/Centenary/News/NewsDetail.aspx?id=65564, '100 years of the 100 metres World record – IAAF Centenary', IAAF, July 6, 2012.
- Duncanson N, The Fastest Men on Earth, p 33
- E L Quercetani & G Pallicca, A World History of Sprint Racing 1850-2005, p 36.
- http://www.pennathletics.com/ViewArticle.dbml?DB_OEM_ID=1700&ATCLID=825059 "Donald F. Lippincott", pennathletics.com. Retrieved 16 July 2012.
- Duncanson, Neil, "The Fastest Men on Earth", Andre Deutsch, 2011, ISBN 978-0-233-00336-8.
- R L Quercetani & G Pallicca, "A World History of Sprint Racing 1850-2005", SEP Editrice Srl, 2006, ISBN 978-88-87110-75-3.
- IAAF, Progression of IAAF World Records, 2011 Edition, Editor Imre Motrahazi, IAAF.