Donald Wandrei, date unknown
|Born||Donald Albert Wandrei
April 20, 1908
Saint Paul, Ramsey County, Minnesota
|Died||October 15, 1987
Saint Paul, Ramsey County, Minnesota
|Occupation||writer, poet, editor|
|Genre||science fiction, fantasy, weird fiction|
Donald Albert Wandrei (April 20, 1908–October 15, 1987) was an American science fiction, fantasy and weird fiction writer, poet and editor. He wrote as Donald Wandrei. He was the older brother of science fiction writer and artist Howard Wandrei. He had fourteen stories in Weird Tales, another sixteen in Astounding Stories, plus a few in other magazines including Esquire.
Wandrei was born in Saint Paul, Ramsey County, Minnesota. All of his grandparents were early Minnesota settlers. Donald's father, Albert Christian Wandrei, became chief editor of West Publishing Company, America's leading publisher of law books. Donald grew up in his parents' house at 1152 Portland Ave, St Paul and lived there most of his life save for a stint in the Army and occasional sojourns in New York and Hollywood. He loved frequent rambles in the woods along the Minnesota River; it was Wandrei who later taught August Derleth the fine art of morel hunting.
He attended Central High in St Paul, Minnesota (1921–24), during which period he published short compositions in the school newspaper and avidly read the magazine Science and Invention. In 1923 he began work part-time as a 'page-boy' in the Circulation Room of the Saint Paul Public Library, filling reader's requests for books from the storage stacks; this expanded his access to, and reading of, a wide variety of literature. In 1923 and 1924 he also worked evenings at the Hill Reference Library. He graduated from the University of Minnesota in 1928, with a BA in English. While there he was a student editor on the student newspaper The Minnesota Daily. At that time he was enormously influenced by a reading of Arthur Machen's novel The Hill of Dreams.
Wandrei started writing in 1926 and his writing career took off around 1932. In late 1927 he hitchhiked from Minnesota to Rhode Island to visit H.P. Lovecraft. Lovecraft conducted him on a grand antiquarian tour of Providence, R.I. and then on to similar tours in Boston, Salem and Marblehead. There was also an excursion to Warren, R.I., later made famous by Wandrei's reminiscences in the Arkham House volume Marginalia (1944) during which Wandrei, Lovecraft and James Ferdinand Morton each sampled twenty-eight different flavors of ice cream at Maxfield's ice-cream parlour.
Wandrei was active in pulp magazines until the late 1930s. He was a member of the "Lovecraft Circle," as a friend and protégé of H. P. Lovecraft, corresponding with other members of the circle (Frank Belknap Long, Clark Ashton Smith, etc.). Wandrei personally made the case for Weird Tales to publish Lovecraft's "The Call of Cthulhu" telling Farnsworth Wright that unless he published the tale, Lovecraft may look for other magazines to submit stories to.
As an accomplished poet, Wandrei was the first to write a series of sonnets for Weird Tales, “Sonnets of the Midnight Hours.” Lovecraft liked the idea so much, he embarked on his own series, Fungi From Yuggoth.” Robert E. Howard also wrote his own series with “Sonnets out of Bedlam.”
Wandrei's only full-length fantastic novel, Dead Titans, Waken!, written in 1932, was rejected successively by three publishers - Harpers, Kendall and John Day, and finally shelved indefinitely by its author. However it was eventually destined to published in a heavily revised version in 1948 by Arkham House as The Web of Easter Island. The original version was scheduled to be published in the late 1990s by weird fiction specialty publishing house Fedogan and Bremer but due to the dormancy of F&B, the edition was held up. It was finally published by Centipede Press in a limited edition of 300 copies in March 2012. The volume includes Wandrei's mainstream novel "Invisible Sun."
During 1933 Wandrei lived in a studio apartment in New York that was within easy walking distance of the offices of Street & Smith, who published Astounding Stories, so that Wandrei could easily bring in a new story by hand. His story “Colossus” was the first “thought variant” story (stories based on some new or not-yet-overworked idea such as other dimensions or the timetravel paradox), and helped revive the fortunes of Astounding under the editorship of his editorial mentor, F. Orlin Tremaine.
During the 1930s Wandrei wrote two more (non-fantastic) novels and several plays, one a collaboration with his brother Howard but none were published although they were submitted to various publishers and agents.
He contributed two stories to the Cthulhu Mythos: "The Fire Vampires" (1933) and "The Tree-Men of M'Bwa" (1933). Wandrei and August Derleth later co-founded the publishing house Arkham House to keep Lovecraft's legacy alive, an action for which Wandrei is perhaps better remembered than for his own fiction. Much of the editorial work on Lovecraft's Selected Letters series as published by Arkham House in five volumes, was performed by Wandrei.
Wandrei wrote some outlines for Gang Busters and other comic books in the 1940s, and also attempted writing song lyrics in Hollywood. After World War II he continued writing speculative fiction stories, although at a greatly reduced rate. Some of his stories were adapted for the comic book Weird Science - "Divide and Conquer" (issue 6), based on his "A Scientist Divides" and "Monster From the Fourth Dimension" (issue 7) based on "A Monster From Nowhere".
In the 1970s Wandrei commenced a long and tedious process of litigation against Arkham House, the publishing company he had helped to found.
He died in St. Paul in 1987.
In 1976 Philip Rahman met Wandrei at a convention and the two became friends. Three years after Wandrei's death in 1987, Rahman and his mostly silent partner Dennis Weiler founded the publishing firm of Fedogan and Bremer to issue work by Donald and Howard Wandrei as well as other classic pulp writers.
- The Web of Easter Island (1948)
- Ecstasy & Other Poems (The Recluse Press, 1928; ltd to 322 copies)
- Dark Odyssey (Webb Publishing Co, 1931; ltd to 400 copies) - poems, with five illustrations by Howard Wandrei
- Poems for Midnight (Arkham House, 1964) - poems
- Collected Poems (Necronomicon Press, 1988) - edited by S.T. Joshi; illustrated by Howard Wandrei OCLC 21630466
- Sanctity and Sin: The Collected Poetry and Prose-Poems of Donald Wandrei (edited by S.T. Joshi, with illustrations by Howard Wandrei). Hippocampus Press, 2008. ISBN 0-9771734-9-6.
- The Eye and the Finger (Arkham House, 1944)
- Strange Harvest (Arkham House, 1965)
- Colossus (Philip J Rahman & Dennis E Weiler, eds. Fedogan & Bremer, 1989) ISBN 1-878252-00-3 An expanded 2nd ed. was issued in 1999, adding two stories ("A Stranger Passes" & "If"), plus an updated biographical intro by Richard L. Tierney & photo gallery ISBN 1-878252-45-3
- Don't Dream: The Collected Fantasy and Horror of Donald Wandrei (Philip J Rahman & Dennis E Weiler, eds. Fedogan & Bremer, 1997) ISBN 1-878252-27-5
- Frost (F & B Mystery, 2000) ISBN 1-878252-42-9
- Three Mysteries (F & B Mystery, 2000) OCLC 51309341
- Mysteries of Time & Spirit: The Letters of H.P. Lovecraft & Donald Wandrei (S. T. Joshi & David E Schultz, eds.;Night Shade Books, 2002) ISBN 1-892389-49-5
- Minnesota Death Certificates Index. Accessed 21 May 2009
- Leigh Blackmore. Ecstasies and Odysseys: The Weird Poetry of Donald Wandrei. Forthcoming in Phillip A. Ellis and Benjamin J. Szumskyj (eds) Rhythmic Toil Combin'd: Poets of the Lovecraft Circle (Mythos Books)
- Phillip A. Ellis. A Concordance to the Poetry of Donald Wandrei. Hippocampus Press, 2008. ISBN 978-0-9814888-2-0. May be obtained as a free download. 
- Don Herron. "Collecting Donald Wandrei". Firsts (October 1999). 
- Don Herron. "The Last Cosmic Master." Studies in Weird Fiction 4 (Fall 1988), 13-22.
- Don Herron. ""The Red Brain": A Study in Absolute Doom". Studies in Weird Fiction No 2(Summer 1987), 30-35.
- S. T. Joshi. “Donald Wandrei: Nightmare in Green,” chapter 5 in Emperors of Dreams: Some Notes on Weird Poetry. Sydney: P’rea Press, 2008. ISBN 978-0-9804625-3-1 (pbk) and ISBN 978-0-9804625-4-8 (hbk).
- S.T. Joshi (ed). Studies in Weird Fiction 3 (Fall 1988). West Warwick, RI: Necronomicon Press. Donald Wandrei Special issue.
- Richard L. Tierney. "Introduction" to Colossus: The Collected Science Fiction of Donald Wandrei. Minneapolis, MN: Fedogan and Bremer, 1999 (2nd ed).
- Donald Wandrei: An Inventory of His Papers at the Minnesota Historical Society
- Donald Wandrei at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
- Don Herron. "Collecting Donald Wandrei". 
- Works by Donald Wandrei at Project Gutenberg