Donaueschingen

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Donaueschingen
Donaueschingen-um-1900.jpg
Coat of arms of Donaueschingen
Coat of arms
Donaueschingen   is located in Germany
Donaueschingen
Donaueschingen
Coordinates: 47°57′11″N 08°30′12″E / 47.95306°N 8.50333°E / 47.95306; 8.50333Coordinates: 47°57′11″N 08°30′12″E / 47.95306°N 8.50333°E / 47.95306; 8.50333
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Freiburg
District Schwarzwald-Baar-Kreis
Subdivisions Kernstadt und 7 Stadtteile
Government
 • Lord Mayor Thorsten Frei (CDU)
Area
 • Total 104.63 km2 (40.40 sq mi)
Elevation 686 m (2,251 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 21,088
 • Density 200/km2 (520/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 78151–78168
Dialling codes 0771
Vehicle registration VS
Website www.donaueschingen.de

Donaueschingen is a German town in the Black Forest in the southwest of the federal state of Baden-Württemberg in the Schwarzwald-Baar Kreis. It stands near the confluence of the two sources of the river Danube (in German: Donau;[2] the town's name is an eponym).

Donaueschingen stands in a basin within low mountainous terrain. It is located about 13 km (8.1 mi) south of Villingen-Schwenningen, 24 km (15 mi) west of Tuttlingen, and about 30 km (19 mi) north of the Swiss town of Schaffhausen. In 2003, the population was 21,300 making it the second largest town in the district (Kreis) of Schwarzwald-Baar. The location of the town is favourable for its role as a regional rail hub.

Geography[edit]

Donaueschingen lies in the Baar basin in the southern Black Forest at the confluence of the Brigach and Breg rivers— the two source tributaries of the Danube— from which the town gets its name.

The town is close to Lake Titisee and less than an hour's drive from Switzerland and France.

History[edit]

The town of Donaueschingen in 1827
Destruction after the August 1908 fire

Donaueschingen is first recorded as Esginga in 889; the modern form of the name is first attested in 1292.[3] In 1283, Rudolph von Habsburg granted the principality of Baar and Donaueschingen to Heinrich von Fürstenberg. The right to brew beer was also connected with this grant. This is the source of the Royal Fürstenberg Brewery. In 1488, possession was passed to the Count of Fürstenberg-Baar. From the 18th Century it was the residence of the Princes of Fürstenberg. In 1806, Donaueschingen came under the rule of the Grand Duchy of Baden and was granted township in 1810. A large part of the town was destroyed by fire in 1908. Donaueschingen has a tradition as a military garrison; since World War II the French military has maintained barracks in the town, and, until the early 1990s, the U.S. Air Force operated a contingency hospital there. The hospital never received casualties on a large scale from military operations; it saw the most activity in 1989, when the United States offered the facility as temporary housing for refugees leaving from East Germany to the West.

Though the Princes of Fürstenberg were nominally mediatised and deposed as absolute ruler of the principality, they still own huge property in their former lands, including their palace with the surrounding parks and gardens. The Schlosspark (palace gardens) which used to be public and the only park accessible to the citizens of the town since 1806 recently became off-limits again. The Princes of Fürstenberg were also the owners of an important manuscript of the Nibelungenlied (Manuscript C) until they sold it in 2001. The ancestral brewery has also been sold.

Government[edit]

The results of the 2004 local elections are as follows:

CDU  : 16 Seats
FDP/FW  : 7 Seats
SPD  : 7 Seats
Independents  : 5 Seats
Bündnis 90/Die Grünen  : 4 Seats

Economy[edit]

The town's economy consists of nearly 1,000 various enterprises, of which 24 are medium-sized employing 2,200 people. The most important industries are machine assembly, semiconductors, injection moulding, magnetics, dyes, and shoe manufacturing.

Transport[edit]

Donaueschingen station is a regional rail hub; four rail lines join in the town. It sits on the Schwarzwaldbahn line from Offenburg to Konstanz and it is the start of the Höllentalbahn (Schwarzwald) from Donaueschingen to Freiburg im Breisgau. Both of these lines are uniquely constructed because of the rough Black Forest terrain they cover. Donaueschingen is also the starting point for the Donautalbahn and the Bregtalbahn which run to Ulm and Bräunlingen respectively. The town is part of the Schwarzwald-Baar public transport system.

The town is on the A 864, a spur of the A 81 to Stuttgart. Three Federal Highways cross each other near Donaueschingen: the B 27 from Stuttgart to Schaffhausen; the B 31 from Freiburg im Breisgau to Lindau and the B 33 from Offenburg to Konstanz.

The long-distance Danube Cycle Trail begins in Donaueschingen and follows the course of the Danube. It is one of the most well-known and longest bicycle trails in Europe.

Education[edit]

The town has four secondary schools: the Fürstenberg-Gymnasium and the Wirtschaftsgymnasium, one Realschule, and one Hauptschule. There are four elementary schools associated with these schools: Eichendorffschule, Erich-Kästner-Schule, Grundschule Pfohren, and the Grundschule Wolterdingen. There are two special-needs schools: the Heinrich-Feuerstein-Schule and the Karl-Wacker-Schule.

There are two professional training schools: the Donaueschingen Commercial School and the Business and Home Economics Schools. There is also the Nursing College and the College for Agriculture. The Academy for Further Education and Personal Development is located in the former district hospital.

Cultural Events[edit]

The Donaueschingen Festival for contemporary music ("Donaueschinger Musiktage). Founded in 1921, the world's oldest festival for New music takes place every year in October. Guest composers have included Paul Hindemith, Arnold Schoenberg, Pierre Boulez, Elliott Carter, John Cage, and György Ligeti.

Partner Cities[edit]

Donaueschingen has partnerships with the following cities:

Sons and daughters of Donaueschingen[edit]

Gallery[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ [Statistisches Bundesamt – Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012 (XLS-Datei; 4,0 MB) (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011) "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012"]. Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 12 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "Donau (Danube via interwiki link)". de.wikipedia. Retrieved 2007-10-06. "An obvious eponym given article equivalence and name" 
  3. ^ Berger, Dieter, Duden. Geographische Names in Deutschland, 2nd edition, Duden 1999.