Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic

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For the 2014 separatist entity, see Donetsk People's Republic.
Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic
советская республика
Republic within Russian SFSR




Map of the territory claimed by the Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Republic.
Capital Kharkiv, later Lugansk
Languages Russian
Government Republics of the Soviet Union
Chairman of the Sovnarkom Fyodor Sergeyev
Legislature Soviet council
Historical era World War I
 -  Established 12 February 1918
 -  Treaty of Brest-Litovsk 3 March 1918
 -  Incorporated into the Ukrainian SSR 20 March 1918[1]
Currency Ruble
Today part of
Part of a series on the
History of Ukraine
Coat of arms of Ukraine
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The Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic (Russian: Донецко-Криворожская советская республика) was a self-declared Soviet republic of the Russian SFSR founded on 12 February 1918 and sought independence from Ukraine. On 29 March 1918 it became a republic within Ukraine until the last was fully occupied by the German forces in support of the Central Rada.

The Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic claimed the territories south of the neighbouring Ukrainian People's Republic, which included the Donbass, Kharkov, Yekaterinoslav, and part of the Kherson Governorates. Another territory claimed was part of the Don Voisko Oblast.[2] In the beginning, the republic's capital was the city of Kharkiv, but later with the retreat of the Red Guard it was moved to Luhansk. The Soviet government of Russia supported it as the existence of the state set an anarchy in the region.[clarification needed] The newly created government challenged the authority of the General Secretariat of Ukraine and the People's Secretariat. Some of the commissars held positions of secretaries in another Bolshevik government in Ukraine, the People's Secretariat.

The Republic was disbanded at the 2nd All-Ukrainian Congress of Soviets on 20 March 1918 when was announced the independence of the Soviet Ukraine. It failed to achieve recognition, either internationally or by the Russian SFSR and in accordance with the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was abolished.

The legacy of the Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic was revived again during the 2014 pro-Russian conflict in Ukraine.


After a government crisis and resignation of Vasilchenko, Zhakov, and Filov on 29 March 1918, Sovnarkom relocated from Kharkiv to Luhansk.

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