Dong Biwu

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Dong Biwu
董必武
DONGBIWU.JPG
Dong Biwu
President of the Supreme People's Court of the People's Republic of China
In office
1954–1959
Preceded by Shen Junru
Succeeded by Xie Juezai
Vice Chairman of the People's Republic of China
In office
27 April 1959 – 17 January 1975
President Liu Shaoqi
Soong Ching-ling
Himself (acting)
Leader Mao Zedong
Preceded by Zhu De
Succeeded by Ulanhu
Chairman of the People's Republic of China
(acting)
In office
31 October 1968 – 17 January 1975
Premier Zhou Enlai
Preceded by Liu Shaoqi
Succeeded by Post abolished
(Li Xiannian in 1983)
Member of the
National People's Congress
In office
15 September 1954 – 2 April 1975
Constituency Hubei At-large
Personal details
Born (1886-03-05)5 March 1886
Huanggang, Hubei, Qing Dynasty
Died 2 April 1975(1975-04-02) (aged 89)
Beijing, People's Republic of China
Dong Biwu
Chinese

Dong Biwu (5 March 1886 – 2 April 1975) was a Chinese communist political leader during the regime of Mao Zedong.

Life and politics[edit]

Dong Biwu was born in Huanggang, Hubei. In 1911 he joined the Tongmenghui, and participated in the Xinhai Revolution. Twice he went to Japan to study at Nihon University. In 1921 he attended the 1st Congress of the Communist Party of China as a representative of Wuhan. Mao Zedong and Dong Biwu were the only two men to attend both the 1st Congress and the establishment of the People's Republic of China at Tiananmen in 1949.

He was Vice Chairman of the People's Republic of China from 1959 until 1975, jointly with Soong Ching-ling, and after 1968 he was - until 1972 jointly with Soong Ching-ling - Acting President of the People's Republic of China. In 1975, the office of president was abolished and the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress - then Zhu De - became formal head of state. Dong was elected Vice Chairman of the Standing Committee of People's National Congress.

Dong was a member of Politburo of the Communist Party of China from 1945 to 1975. He was elected one of nine members of the Standing Committee of the Politburo at 10th Congress of the Communist Party in 1973.

He died just a year before Mao and several other important politicians like Zhou Enlai and Zhu De.

In 1991, a statue of Dong Biwu was erected in one of Wuhan's central squares, Hongshan Guangchang. Hubei Provincial museum houses a collection of Dong's personal items.

Statue of Dong Biwu in Wuhan

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
Li Weihan
President of the CPC Central Party School
1935–1937
Succeeded by
Li Weihan
Legal offices
Preceded by
Shen Junru
President of the Supreme People's Court
1954–1959
Succeeded by
Xie Juezai
Political offices
Preceded by
Zhu De
Vice Chairman of the People's Republic of China
1959–1975
Served alongside: Soong Ching-ling
Succeeded by
Ulanhu
Abolished until 1983
Preceded by
Liu Shaoqi
Chairman of the People's Republic of China
Acting

1968–1975
Served alongside: Soong Ching-ling
Succeeded by
Li Xiannian
Abolished until 1983