Football in Seoul

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Football is one of the most popular sports, both in terms of participants and spectators, in Seoul. Seoul had several of South Korea's leading football clubs and biggest football stadium - Seoul World Cup Stadium.

History[edit]

After the Royal navy introduced the sport in the late 19th century, there was a footballing boom throughout the nation that saw many football clubs and school teams formed by the 1910s. Also in Seoul, many famous football clubs like Bulgyo Cheongnyeonhoe (불교청년회, Buddhist Youth Club), Geongang Gurakbu (건강구락부, Health Club) and Joseon Football Culb (조선축구단) were founded between the 1910s and 1920s, and they usually had a rivalry against football clubs in Pyongyang, the second biggest city in Korea. In 1933 Kyungsung FC, named according to Seoul's alternate name, was formed and it was the only Korean club which won the Emperor's Cup in Japan.

In 1957, Hapoel Tel Aviv F.C. visited Seoul. This was first foreign professional football club that visited South Korea They had 3 matches.

Clubs[edit]

Current clubs[edit]

  • Men's Football
Tier League Club Home Stadium Period
Top K League Classic FC Seoul Dongdaemun Stadium
Seoul World Cup Stadium
1990-1995
2004–present
2nd K League Challenge Seoul E-Land FC Seoul Olympic Stadium 2015– (Proposed)
3rd National League N/A N/A N/A
4th Challengers League Seoul United Seoul Olympic Stadium
Hyochang Stadium
Madeul Stadium
2007-2009, 2012
2009-2010
2011-present
Seoul FC Martyrs Gangbuk Public Stadium 2009–present
Jungnang Chorus Mustang Jungnang Public Ground 2012–present
  • Women's Football
Tier League Club Home Stadium Period
Top WK-League Seoul Metropolitan Government WFC To be determined 2004

Defunct Clubs[edit]

  • Not Franchised Period 1983-1986 : K League Clubs had franchise but clubs played the all game of round at one stadium.
  • Franchised Period 1987–present : K League introduced home and away matches system in 1987.
Club Home Stadium Period Notes
Kyungsung FC Seoul Stadium 1933-1953
Seoul Metropolitan Government FC Mokdong Stadium 1973-2003 National Football Championship Winner
(1980, 1982, 1986)
Yukong Elephants Dongdaemun Stadium 1983 First professional football club based in the Seoul.
But club's franchise was Seoul+Incheon+Gyeonggi
1984-1986 Yukong Elephants separated Incheon+Gyeonggi and based in the only Seoul.
But they didn't had home matches in Seoul.
Ilhwa Chunma Dongdaemun Stadium 1989-1995[1] First professional Football club based in the only Seoul and had home matches in Seoul.
Lucky-Goldstar Hwangso
LG Cheetahs
Dongdaemun Stadium 1990-1995[1] Lucky-Goldstar Hwangso demanded that original franchise should be Seoul.[1]
But board of K League didn't allow and launchecd at Chungcheong franchise.

Moved to Seoul in 1990 from Chungcheong.

Yukong Elephants Dongdaemun Stadium 1991-1995[1] Moved to Incheon+Gyeonggi in 1987, and then returned in 1991.
Seoul Pabal FC Eunpyeong-gu-rip Stadium 2007-2008 K3 League founding club member.
Nowon Hummel FC Madeul Stadium 2008-2009

[1] The board of K League forced the three clubs Ilhwa Chunma, LG Cheetahs and Yukong Elephants out of the city in 1996.
Therefore Seoul's 3 clubs had to leave Seoul for another city in accordance with the K League's decentralization policy and relocated not their own wills as belows.
Ilhwa Chunma relocated to Cheonan, LG Cheetahs to Anyang and Yukong Elephants to Bucheon.

Honours[edit]

※ Only counted FC Seoul 1990-1995 seasons, 2004-present in Seoul franchise / Ilhwa Chunma (Currently Seongnam FC) 1989-19995 seasons in Seoul franchise

Domestic[edit]

  • League Title
Tier League Club Winners Runners-up
Top K League Classic FC Seoul 3 (1990, 2010, 2012) 2 (1993, 2008)
Ilhwa Chunma 3 (1993, 1994, 1995) 1 (1992)
Yukong Elephants 0 1 (1994)
2nd K League Challenge N/A N/A N/A
3rd National League N/A N/A N/A
4th Challengers League Seoul United 1 (2007) 0
Seoul Martyrs FC 0 0
Jungnang Chorus Mustang 0 0
Tier Club Winners Runners-up
Top FC Seoul 2 (2006, 2010) 3 (1992, 1994, 2007)
Top Ilhwa Chunma 1 (1992) 1 (1994)
Tier Club Winners Runners-up
Top FC Seoul 0 0
Tier Club Winners Runners-up
2nd Seoul Metropolitan Government FC 3 (1980, 1982, 1986) 0

International[edit]

Tier Club Winners Runners-up
Top Ilhwa Chunma 1 (1995) 0
Top FC Seoul 0 1 (2013)

Women's Domestic[edit]

Tier League Club Winners Runners-up
Top WK-League Seoul Metropolitan Government WFC 0 0

Derbies with clubs based in Seoul[edit]

The Seoul derbies started in 1990, with competing three football clubs - Ilhwa Chunma, LG Cheetahs and Yukong Elephants. This derby is called Dongdaemun derby. Many Korean football fans called Dongdaemun Derby because 3 clubs called Dongdaemun Stadium their home. The highlight match of the derbies was the K League 28 round match between Ilhwa Chunma and Yukong Elephants at Dongdaemun Stadium on 9 November 1994 This match was also famous for both team's great goalkeepers – Valeri Sarychev of Ilhwa Chunma and Aleksandr Podshivalov of Yukong Elephants from Lev Yashin Club. Yukong Elephants beat Ilhwa Chunma 2–0 this round, and took the derby with just a one point difference. The Seoul derbies stopped in 1995, due to the board of K League forcing the three original clubs out of the city in 1996.

Dongdaemun derby[edit]

This Derby was put to an end in 1996, due to K League's decentralization policy which relocated the 3 clubs.[2]

Ilhwa Chunma vs LG Cheetahs (1990-1995)[edit]

Competition Matches Ilhwa Chunma Wins Draws LG Cheetahs Wins Ilhwa Chunma Goals LG Cheetahs Goals
K League 35 12 12 11 47 44
League Cup 5 2 1 2 5 6
Total 40 14 13 13 52 50

Ilhwa Chunma vs Yukong Elephants (1991-1995)[edit]

Competition Matches Ilhwa Chunma Wins Draws Yukong Elephants Wins Ilhwa Chunma Goals Yukong Elephants Goals
K League 29 13 13 3 36 25
League Cup 5 2 2 1 5 4
Total 34 15 15 4 41 29

Seoul derby[edit]

Seoul E-Land FC is newly founded on April 15, 2014. This club will use Seoul Olympic Stadium in South Seoul. Korean football fans hope to Seoul derby with FC Seoul using Seoul World Cup Stadium in North Seoul.

LG Cheetahs vs Yukong Elephants (1991-1995)[edit]

Competition Matches LG Cheetahs Wins Draws Yukong Elephants Wins LG Cheetahs Goals Yukong Elephants Goals
K League 29 9 11 9 32 34
League Cup 5 2 1 2 8 5
Total 34 11 12 11 40 39

Derbies with clubs not based in Seoul[edit]

Kyungsung FC–Pyongyang FC rivalry[edit]

Super Match[edit]

Main article: Super Match

Gyeongin derby[edit]

All-time results[edit]

Competition Played Seoul wins Draws Incheon wins Seoul goals Incheon goals
K League Classic 24 10 9 5 42 29
League Cup 8 2 4 2 7 6
FA Cup 2 1 0 1 4 4
Total 34 13 13 8 54 39

Stadiums[edit]

Notable footballers[edit]

Players[edit]

Managers[edit]

Administration[edit]

Seoul is the location of the headquarters of Korea Football Association.

List of Football Clubs in Seoul[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lucky-Goldstar wants Seoul franchise." (in Korean). Kyunghyang Newspaper. 1983-08-19. 
  2. ^ "일화 유공 LG, 내년에 서울연고 없어 Dongdaemun". Monthly Football. December 1995. 

External links[edit]