Football in Seoul
Football is one of the most popular sports, both in terms of participants and spectators, in Seoul. Seoul had several of South Korea's leading football clubs and biggest football stadium - Seoul World Cup Stadium.
- 1 History
- 2 Clubs
- 3 Honours
- 4 Derbies with clubs based in Seoul
- 5 Derbies with clubs not based in Seoul
- 6 Stadiums
- 7 Notable footballers
- 8 Administration
- 9 List of Football Clubs in Seoul
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
After the Royal navy introduced the sport in the late 19th century, there was a footballing boom throughout the nation that saw many football clubs and school teams formed by the 1910s. Also in Seoul, many famous football clubs like Bulgyo Cheongnyeonhoe (불교청년회, Buddhist Youth Club), Geongang Gurakbu (건강구락부, Health Club) and Joseon Football Culb (조선축구단) were founded between the 1910s and 1920s, and they usually had a rivalry against football clubs in Pyongyang, the second biggest city in Korea. In 1933 Kyungsung FC, named according to Seoul's alternate name, was formed and it was the only Korean club which won the Emperor's Cup in Japan.
- Men's Football
|Top||K League Classic||FC Seoul||Dongdaemun Stadium
Seoul World Cup Stadium
|2nd||K League Challenge||Seoul E-Land FC||Seoul Olympic Stadium||2015– (Proposed)|
|4th||Challengers League||Seoul United||Seoul Olympic Stadium
|Seoul FC Martyrs||Gangbuk Public Stadium||2009–present|
|Jungnang Chorus Mustang||Jungnang Public Ground||2012–present|
- Women's Football
|Top||WK-League||Seoul Metropolitan Government WFC||To be determined||2004|
- Not Franchised Period 1983-1986 : K League Clubs had franchise but clubs played the all game of round at one stadium.
- Franchised Period 1987–present : K League introduced home and away matches system in 1987.
|Kyungsung FC||Seoul Stadium||1933-1953|
|Seoul Metropolitan Government FC||Mokdong Stadium||1973-2003||National Football Championship Winner
(1980, 1982, 1986)
|Yukong Elephants||Dongdaemun Stadium||1983||First professional football club based in the Seoul.
But club's franchise was Seoul+Incheon+Gyeonggi
|1984-1986||Yukong Elephants separated Incheon+Gyeonggi and based in the only Seoul.
But they didn't had home matches in Seoul.
|Ilhwa Chunma||Dongdaemun Stadium||1989-1995||First professional Football club based in the only Seoul and had home matches in Seoul.|
|Dongdaemun Stadium||1990-1995||Lucky-Goldstar Hwangso demanded that original franchise should be Seoul.
But board of K League didn't allow and launchecd at Chungcheong franchise.
|Yukong Elephants||Dongdaemun Stadium||1991-1995||Moved to Incheon+Gyeonggi in 1987, and then returned in 1991.|
|Seoul Pabal FC||Eunpyeong-gu-rip Stadium||2007-2008||K3 League founding club member.|
|Nowon Hummel FC||Madeul Stadium||2008-2009|
 The board of K League forced the three clubs Ilhwa Chunma, LG Cheetahs and Yukong Elephants out of the city in 1996.
Therefore Seoul's 3 clubs had to leave Seoul for another city in accordance with the K League's decentralization policy and relocated not their own wills as belows.
Ilhwa Chunma relocated to Cheonan, LG Cheetahs to Anyang and Yukong Elephants to Bucheon.
- League Title
|Top||K League Classic||FC Seoul||3 (1990, 2010, 2012)||2 (1993, 2008)|
|Ilhwa Chunma||3 (1993, 1994, 1995)||1 (1992)|
|Yukong Elephants||0||1 (1994)|
|2nd||K League Challenge||N/A||N/A||N/A|
|4th||Challengers League||Seoul United||1 (2007)||0|
|Seoul Martyrs FC||0||0|
|Jungnang Chorus Mustang||0||0|
|Top||FC Seoul||2 (2006, 2010)||3 (1992, 1994, 2007)|
|Top||Ilhwa Chunma||1 (1992)||1 (1994)|
|2nd||Seoul Metropolitan Government FC||3 (1980, 1982, 1986)||0|
|Top||Ilhwa Chunma||1 (1995)||0|
|Top||FC Seoul||0||1 (2013)|
|Top||WK-League||Seoul Metropolitan Government WFC||0||0|
Derbies with clubs based in Seoul
The Seoul derbies started in 1990, with competing three football clubs - Ilhwa Chunma, LG Cheetahs and Yukong Elephants. This derby is called Dongdaemun derby. Many Korean football fans called Dongdaemun Derby because 3 clubs called Dongdaemun Stadium their home. The highlight match of the derbies was the K League 28 round match between Ilhwa Chunma and Yukong Elephants at Dongdaemun Stadium on 9 November 1994 This match was also famous for both team's great goalkeepers – Valeri Sarychev of Ilhwa Chunma and Aleksandr Podshivalov of Yukong Elephants from Lev Yashin Club. Yukong Elephants beat Ilhwa Chunma 2–0 this round, and took the derby with just a one point difference. The Seoul derbies stopped in 1995, due to the board of K League forcing the three original clubs out of the city in 1996.
Ilhwa Chunma vs LG Cheetahs (1990-1995)
|Competition||Matches||Ilhwa Chunma Wins||Draws||LG Cheetahs Wins||Ilhwa Chunma Goals||LG Cheetahs Goals|
Ilhwa Chunma vs Yukong Elephants (1991-1995)
|Competition||Matches||Ilhwa Chunma Wins||Draws||Yukong Elephants Wins||Ilhwa Chunma Goals||Yukong Elephants Goals|
Seoul E-Land FC is newly founded on April 15, 2014. This club will use Seoul Olympic Stadium in South Seoul. Korean football fans hope to Seoul derby with FC Seoul using Seoul World Cup Stadium in North Seoul.
LG Cheetahs vs Yukong Elephants (1991-1995)
|Competition||Matches||LG Cheetahs Wins||Draws||Yukong Elephants Wins||LG Cheetahs Goals||Yukong Elephants Goals|
Derbies with clubs not based in Seoul
Kyungsung FC–Pyongyang FC rivalry
- As of 17 August 2014
- Penalty shoot-outs results are counted as a drawn match.
|Competition||Played||Seoul wins||Draws||Incheon wins||Seoul goals||Incheon goals|
|K League Classic||24||10||9||5||42||29|
Seoul is the location of the headquarters of Korea Football Association.
List of Football Clubs in Seoul
- FC Seoul
- Seoul United
- Seoul FC Martyrs
- Seoul Metropolitan Government FC
- Seoul Metropolitan Government WFC
- K League
- Korean League Cup
- Korean FA Cup
- Korean Super Cup
- AFC Champions League
- Korean National League
- Challengers League
- Korean football league system
- List of football clubs in South Korea
- "Lucky-Goldstar wants Seoul franchise." (in Korean). Kyunghyang Newspaper. 1983-08-19.
- "일화 유공 LG, 내년에 서울연고 없어 Dongdaemun". Monthly Football. December 1995.
- (Korean) K League HISTORY 1990 season