Dongping Lake

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For an artificial reservoir in Hubei, see Dongping Dam.
Dongping Lake
Coordinates 35°57′53″N 116°11′45″E / 35.96472°N 116.19583°E / 35.96472; 116.19583Coordinates: 35°57′53″N 116°11′45″E / 35.96472°N 116.19583°E / 35.96472; 116.19583
Lake type Fresh water lake
Primary inflows Daqing River
Primary outflows Yellow River
Catchment area 9,064 km2 (3,500 sq mi)
Basin countries China
Max. length 23.5 km (15 mi)
Max. width 9.7 km (6 mi)
Surface area 148 km2 (100 sq mi)
Average depth 1.59 m (5 ft)
Max. depth 2.4 m (8 ft)
Water volume 235×10^6 m3 (8.3×10^9 cu ft)
Surface elevation 41 m (135 ft)

The Dongping Lake(Chinese: 东平湖; pinyin: Dōngpíng Hú) is a freshwater lake in Shandong Province of China. It is situated in Dongping County in the west of Shandong Province, south of the lower reaches of Yellow River. The lake has a total area of about 148 square kilometers. The average depth is 1.59 m, the water storage capacity is about 2.35×108m3.[1]

The Dongping Lake is the second large fresh-water lake in Shandong Province; it is the only extant water area of the Eight Hundred Li Liangshan Lake (Chinese: 八百里梁山水泊) described in the famous medieval novel, Water Margin, one of the Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese literature.[2]

The Dongping Lake will be used as a reservoir on the Eastern Route of China's South–North Water Transfer Project. (The Yangtze River to Yellow River route, mostly piggybacking on, or paralleling, the Grand Canal of China).[3][4] As the water transfer system entered its testing stage in the summer of 2013, the area's fish farmers started complaining that the polluted Yangtze River water entering the Dongping Lake is killing their fish.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Sumin, Wang; Hongshen, Dou (1998). Lakes in China. Beijing: Science Press. p. 304. ISBN 7-03-006706-1. 
  2. ^ www.chinakindnesstour.com
  3. ^ The map at the "Eastern Route Project (ERP)" page, on the official project site.
  4. ^ 南水北调东线工程对东平湖蓄水的影响及对策
  5. ^ Chinese Water Diversion Project Kills Fish on Test Run, 2013-07-08