Location of Dongying City administration in Shandong
|Coordinates (Dongying District): Coordinates:|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Municipal seat||Dongying District|
|• CPC Secretary||Zhang Qiubo (张秋波)|
|• Mayor||Zhang Jianhua (张建华)|
|• Prefecture-level city||7,923 km2 (3,059 sq mi)|
|• Prefecture-level city||2,035,300|
|• Density||260/km2 (670/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|License Plate Prefix||鲁E|
Dongying (simplified Chinese: 东营; traditional Chinese: 東營; pinyin: Dōngyíng), a prefecture-level city, lies on the northern (Bohai Sea) coast of Shandong province, People's Republic of China. At the 2010 census, 2,035,300 people resided within its administrative area of 7,923 km2 (3,059 sq mi). Dongying is home to the Shengli Oilfield, which is, after Daqing (Heilongjiang), the second largest oilfield nationally.
- Dongying District (东营区)
- Hekou District (河口区)
- Guangrao County (广饶县)
- Lijin County (利津县)
- Kenli County (垦利县)
The city was established in 1983, as a base for developing the Yellow River Delta and China's second largest oilfield, Shengli Field. The oilfield was discovered in 1964 near a small village called Dongying, which gave its name to the city.
Dongying is located on the banks of the Yellow River Delta of Northern Shandong Province. Bordering prefectures are:
The city is located at 36° 55'–38° 10' N latitude and 118° 07′–119° 10' E longitude, and has a total area of 7,923 square kilometres (3,059 sq mi). The city's 350 km (220 mi) coastline borders Laizhou Bay and Bohai Bay to the east and north respectively.
Dongying has a monsoon-influenced, four-season climate that lies in the transition between the humid continental and humid subtropical (Köppen Dwa and Cwa, respectively) regimes, with hot, humid summers, and cold but dry winters. The city is dry and nearly rainless in spring, hot and rainy in summer, crisp in autumn and dry and cold (with little snow) in winter. The average annual temperature is 13.1 °C (55.6 °F), and the annual precipitation is 559 millimetres (22.0 in), with a strong summer maximum, and high variability from year to year. January is the coldest and driest month, with a mean temperature of −2.6 °C (27.3 °F) and 5.5 mm (0.22 in) of equivalent rainfall. July is the hottest and wettest month; the corresponding numbers are 26.8 °C (80.2 °F), and 168.8 mm (6.65 in).
|Climate data for Dongying (1971−2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||2.5
|Average low °C (°F)||−6.3
|Precipitation mm (inches)||5.5
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||2.7||3.5||4.0||4.9||5.7||8.0||11.8||9.8||5.9||5.5||4.4||3.3||69.5|
|Source: Weather China|
A large part of the city's economy revolves around petroleum and the nearby Shengli Oil Field.
Industries include petroleum, petrochemistry, saline chemistry, papermaking, machinery, electronics, construction, building materials, foodstuff processing, pneumatic tires and rubber, textiles, and light industries.
Dongying is one of the world's leading producers of rubber tires. It has more tire factories than any other city in the world.
Recently, Dongying's economy has grown significantly, reflecting the high development of China's economy. The city's growing manufacturing sector and its proximity to oil reserves have led to increased company investments. An example is DuPont, which invested 5 billion yuan in 2005 to build a titanium dioxide factory in the area. After this project's completion, it became the largest investment outside of the US for DuPont.
A new bus station (东营市汽车总站; pinyin: Dōngyíng Shì qìchē Zǒng Zhàn) was built between the east and west sides of the city, on Huanghe Road (黄河路; pinyin: Huánghé Lù). Connections to Beijing, Qingdao and Jinan, among many other cities are available on a daily basis.
Dongying is home to one major university, the China University of Petroleum, as well as several colleges and technical schools.
- "东营市第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报". 东营市统计局. Retrieved 2012-07-27.
- "Geographical Location". Dongying municipal government. Retrieved 27 July 2012.
- Government website of Dongying (in Simplified Chinese)
- Profile of Dongying from WECP
- Map of Dongying