December 23, 1963 |
|Notable work(s)||The Secret History (1992)
The Little Friend (2002)
The Goldfinch (2013)
|Notable award(s)||WH Smith Literary Award (2003)
Pulitzer Prize for Fiction (2014)
Donna Tartt (born December 23, 1963) is an American writer and author of the novels The Secret History (1992), The Little Friend (2002), and The Goldfinch (2013). Tartt won the WH Smith Literary Award for The Little Friend in 2003 and the Pulitzer Prize (Fiction) for The Goldfinch in 2014 and she was named to the TIME 100: The 100 Most Influential People  in 2014.
She enrolled in the University of Mississippi in 1981, and her writing caught the attention of Willie Morris while she was a freshman. Following a recommendation from Morris, Barry Hannah, then an Ole Miss Writer-in-Residence, admitted eighteen-year-old Tartt into his graduate short story course. "She was deeply literary," says Hannah. "Just a rare genius, really. A literary star." Following the suggestion of Morris and others, she transferred to Bennington College in 1982, where she was friends with fellow students Bret Easton Ellis, Jill Eisenstadt, and Jonathan Lethem, and studying classics with Claude Fredericks. She dated Ellis for a while after sharing works in progress, The Secret History and Less Than Zero respectively.
The Secret History
Tartt began writing her first novel, originally titled "The God of Illusions" and later published as The Secret History, during her second year at Bennington. She graduated from Bennington in 1986. After Ellis recommended her work to literary agent Amanda Urban, The Secret History was published in 1992, and sold out its original print-run of 75,000 copies, becoming a bestseller. It has been translated into 24 languages.
The Secret History is set at a fictional college and concerns a close-knit group of six students and their professor of classics. The students embark upon a secretive plan to stage a bacchanal. The narrator reflects on a variety of circumstances that lead ultimately to murder within the group.
The murder, the location and the perpetrators are revealed in the opening pages, upending the familiar framework and accepted conventions of the murder mystery genre. Critic A.O. Scott labelled it "a murder mystery in reverse."
The book was wrapped in a transparent acetate book jacket, a retro design by Barbara De Wilde and Chip Kidd. According to Kidd, "The following season acetate jackets sprang up in bookstores like mushrooms on a murdered tree."
The Little Friend
The Little Friend, Tartt's second novel, was published in October 2002. It is a mystery centered on a young girl living in the American South in the late 20th century. Her implicit anxieties about the long-unexplained death of her brother and the dynamics of her extended family are a strong focus, as are the contrasting lifestyles and customs of small-town Southerners.
In February 2013, the New York Observer announced that Tartt's long-awaited third novel, titled The Goldfinch, was set for publication on October 22, 2013, after originally being slated for publication in September 2008. The plot is described thus: "A young boy in New York City, Theo Decker, miraculously survives an accident that takes the life of his mother. Alone and determined to avoid being taken in by the city as an orphan, Theo scrambles between nights in friends’ apartments and on the city streets," Amazon’s description reads. "He becomes entranced by the one thing that reminds him of his mother: a small, mysteriously captivating painting that soon draws Theo into the art underworld. Composed with the skills of a master, The Goldfinch is a haunted odyssey through present-day America. It is a story of loss and obsession, survival and self-invention, and the enormous power of art."
The Goldfinch was published in the English language by Little, Brown on 22 October 2013  with the Swedish edition also publishing in October. Publication in Brazil, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia and Spain will follow next year. Early reviews from the US have praised the novel, with the trade publications Kirkus and Booklist both giving starred reviews. Kirkus describes The Goldfinch as “a standout”  while Booklist comments “Drenched in sensory detail, infused with Theo’s churning thoughts and feelings, sparked by nimble dialogue, and propelled by escalating cosmic angst and thriller action, Tartt’s trenchant, defiant, engrossing, and rocketing novel conducts a grand inquiry into the mystery and sorrow of survival, beauty and obsession, and the promise of art.”  Stephen King has also expressed admiration for the novel, writing “’The Goldfinch’ is a rarity that comes along perhaps half a dozen times per decade, a smartly written literary novel that connects with the heart as well as the mind….Donna Tartt has delivered an extraordinary work of fiction.” The novel was a #1 New York Times bestseller and has been on the New York Times bestsellers list since November 10, 2013. It was named one of the Best Books of 2013 by The New York Times Book Review,  USA Today,  The Washington Post,  Vogue, The Economist, Slate, The Huffington Post, NPR, and The Christian Science Monitor, among others. Stephen King and Michiko Kakutani both named it one of the Best Books of 2013 and Amazon  named the novel the #1 Best Book of the Year. It won the 2014 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction.
As of 2002, Tartt was reportedly working on a retelling of the myth of Daedalus and Icarus for the Canongate Myth Series, a series of novellas in which ancient myths are re-imagined and re-written by contemporary authors. In 2006, Donna Tartt's short story "The Ambush" was named to The Best American Short Stories.
A number of major recurring literary themes occur in Donna Tartt's novels. These include the themes of social class and social stratification, as well as guilt and aesthetic beauty. These themes are both present as important aspects of The Secret History and The Goldfinch.
Awards and honours
- 2003 WH Smith Literary Award for The Little Friend
- 2003 Orange Prize for Fiction shortlist for The Little Friend
- 2013 National Book Critics Circle Award (Fiction) shortlist for The Goldfinch
- 2014 Baileys Women's Prize for Fiction shortlist for The Goldfinch
- 2014 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for The Goldfinch
- 2014 TIME 100 The 100 Most Influential People 
- 2014 Andrew Carnegie Medal for Excellence for Fiction for The Goldfinch 
- The Secret History (1992, Alfred A. Knopf)
- The Little Friend (2002, Alfred A. Knopf)
- The Goldfinch (2013, Little, Brown and Company)
- Short stories
- “Tam-O'-Shanter”. The New Yorker April 19, 1993, p. 90.
- “A Christmas Pageant”. Harper’s 287.1723. December 1993, p. 45+.
- “A Garter Snake”. GQ 65.5, May 1995, p. 89+.
- “The Ambush”. The Guardian, June 25, 2005.
- “Sleepytown: A Southern Gothic Childhood, with Codeine.” Harper’s 286, July 1992, p. 60-66.
- “Basketball Season.” The Best American Sports Writing, edited and with an introduction by Frank Deford. Houghton Mifflin, 1993.
- “Team Spirit: Memories of Being a Freshman Cheerleader for the Basketball Team.” Harper’s 288, April 1994, p. 37-40.
- The Secret History
- The Little Friend (abridgment)
- True Grit (with afterword expressing her love of the novel)
- Winesburg, Ohio (selection)
- Kara Bloomgarden-Smoke (12 February 2013). "Donna Tartts long awaited third novel will be published this year". The New York Observer. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
- Lacey Galbraith (Winter 2004). "Interview: Barry Hannah, The Art of Fiction No 184". The Paris Review. Retrieved 15 October 2013.
- Fein, Esther B. (1992-11-16). ""The Marketing of a Cause Celebre" - The New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 2010-05-22.
- Scott, A.O. "Harriet the Spy," New York Times, November 3, 2002.
- "Jacobs, Alexandra. "Kidd Keeps Knopf Cool, Wrapping Books Gorgeously" New York Observer, Nov. 6, 2005". Observer.com. 2005-11-06. Retrieved 2014-04-29.
- "''Independent'': "Whatever happened to Donna Tartt?"". Arlindo-correia.org. Retrieved 2010-05-22.
- Kirsten Reach (January 14, 2014). "NBCC finalists announced". Melville House Publishing. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
- Admin (January 14, 2014). "Announcing the National Book Critics Awards Finalists for Publishing Year 2013". National Book Critics Circle. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
- Mark Brown (7 April 2014). "Donna Tartt heads Baileys women's prize for fiction 2014 shortlist". The Guardian. Retrieved April 11, 2014.
- Tartt, Donna (1993-04-19). "Fiction: Tam-O'-Shanter" (abstract). The New Yorker. Retrieved 2008-01-14.
- Tracy Hargreaves, Donna Tartt's "The Secret History", New York and London: Continuum International Publishing Group, 2001 ISBN 0-8264-5320-1
- Adrian McOran-Campbell, The Secret History (August 2000)
- Danny Yee, "Studying Ancient Greek Warps the Mind of the Young?" (January 4, 1994)
- Tartt, Donna, Playboy Magazine, "Lolita, 50 Years Later" (December 2005)
- Kakutani, Michiko, The New York Times, "Students Indulging in Course of Destruction" (September 4, 1992)
- Kaplan, James, Vanity Fair, "Smart Tartt" (September 1992)
- Tartt, Donna, The Oxford American, "Spanish Grandeur in Mississippi" (Fall 2000)
- Donna Tartt interviewed by Robert Birnbaum at identitytheory.com
- Tartt on reading and her Scottish grandmother
- Tartt in Vogue on her teenage worship of Hunter S. Thompson
- NPR: Talk of the Nation: Donna Tartt interviewed by Lynn Neary (November 5, 2002)
- NPR: Talk of the Nation: Donna Tartt and Anne Rice interviewed by Ray Suarez (October 30, 1997)
- Donna Tartt at BBC Radio 4 - Bookclub interviewed by James Naughtie (January 5, 2014)
- The Guardian's 10 Best Dressed People of 2013