Doom Dooma

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Doom Dooma
ডুমডুমা
Dum Duma
town
Doom Dooma is located in Assam
Doom Dooma
Doom Dooma
Location in Assam, India
Coordinates: 27°34′N 95°34′E / 27.57°N 95.57°E / 27.57; 95.57Coordinates: 27°34′N 95°34′E / 27.57°N 95.57°E / 27.57; 95.57
Country  India
State Assam
District Tinsukia
Elevation 114 m (374 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 19,822
Languages
 • Official Assamese
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 786151

Doom Dooma (Pron:/ˌduːm ˈduːmə/) is a town and a town area committee in Tinsukia district in the state of Assam, India.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[1] Doom Dooma had a population of 19,822. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Doom Dooma has an average literacy rate of 70%, lower than the national average of 74.04%. Male literacy is 75% and female literacy is 63%. In Doom Dooma, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Etymology[edit]

Once the city was covered with jungle, mainly populated by elephants. The name, Doom Dooma, sounds like the footfalls of elephants running: "dumdum"[citation needed].

History[edit]

Doom Dooma has its name written in the pages of Mahabharata as, the Doom Dooma river which flows through the heart of the city is mentioned as the drain connected to the bathroom of the mighty Bhima, of the Pancha Pandavas when he was in Manipur with his wife Hirimba. The place had been ruled by many Kings of different dynasties across Assam, and the most significant ones were the Ahom Dynasty, the Kachari Dynasty and the Moran Dynasty before the impact of the British on Assam. But Doom Dooma was an unseen and underdeveloped region for many decades, mostly covered with forests until the British had noticed the region as an excellent place for the cultivation of tea and cleared the forests and set up tea farms which gave the place a new identity and made it known among people as the 'Tea City'. Now, Doom Dooma, has the largest tea gardens in Asia. Hence it is right to say that Doom Dooma generates a sizable amount of currency for the Indian government from its tea exports. The town is mainly surrounded by tea gardens and the scenic beauty of the place and surroundings easily captivates the mind of a stranger. It is an old town which got its township during Second World War and currently it is under the Tinsukia Circle.

Geography and climate[edit]

DoomDooma is located at 27°34′N 95°34′E / 27.57°N 95.57°E / 27.57; 95.57.[2] It has an average elevation of 114 m (374 ft). It is situated on the bank of Doomdooma river, a tributary of River Brahmaputra. The place is humid in nature and receives heavy rainfall throughout the rainy season. In the season of summer, the temperature varies from 25 to 38 Degree Celsius and in winters the temperature remains from 5 to 22 Degree Celsius.

Education[edit]

DoomDooma has an average literacy rate of 70% where the male literacy is 75% and, female literacy is 63%. The town has many schools and colleges of different mediums, mostly English, Assamese, Bengali and Hindi, which contribute towards the education and literacy of the many. The most popular schools and colleges in the place are- Dr. Rajendra Prashad HE School, Don Bosco High School, Saint Mary's School, Hoonlal High School, Doom Dooma Girls' School, Bongiya Vidyalay, Jawahar Hindi Vidyalay, Learners' High School,Shiksha The Gurukul, Kendriya Vidyalaya(ARC), Lotus Academy, Doom Dooma Jatiya Vidyalay, Doomdooma College, Don Bosco Junior College, Hoonlal Higher Secondary School, Learners' Higher Secondary School,Karma Institute(KIICD) etc. Hoonlal High School is the oldest Assamese Medium High School, donated by Golaprai Hoonlall & Co., by its Founder, Late Hanumanbux Agarwalla, on the inspiration of Late P.C. Casebourne, the then Head of Doom Dooma Tea Company Limited and currently a government aided school. The Don Bosco High School is the oldest English medium school which was set up by the Missionaries of Charity, under the British Rule.

Transport[edit]

The main source of transportation here is public buses and Tata Magics which makes journey between the town and its district very easy anytime. It also has a small local train running between Tinsukia to Dangari via Doom Dooma, however once in a day and that too on unscheduled timings thereby giving poor service for this part of the country. Autorickshaws and Tata Wingers are a popular means of transportation here. It also has a private airport under A.R.C. Cycle Rickshaws are an easy source of transportation within the local area.

Economy[edit]

The economy of the region is mainly dependent upon tea cultivation. There are several major and minor tea companies around the region dealing with tea production through tea estates established throughout the region. Some of the leading companies are Hindustan Unilever Ltd, M.K Shah Exports, Russell Industries Ltd, Jalan Enterprises Pvt Ltd, Warren Tea ltd, etc. Again, Hindustan Unilever Group's, Personal Product Factory is situated near the area reducing the rate of unemployment in the area. A very important base of Government of India situated in Doom Dooma town which is known as AVIATION RESEARCH CENTRE and basically it is an Air Reconnaissance Centre to keep a vigil on International Border along with China.It is a very important airbase which Government of India point of view and it generated significant economical values for the town.

Culture[edit]

People following different religions reside peacefully in Doom Dooma which includes Hindus (50%) Christians (4%) Muslims (40%) Buddhist (1%) and Sikhs (5%)[citation needed]. There are mainly the Assamese who reside in the place but there are also people from various parts of India who have been settled here permanently for years. Language speaking populations comprises Assamese (40%) Tea-garden tribals (28%) Biharis & Marwaris (22%) Bengalis (10%) . It has many Namghars (Assamese Prayer Temple), Hindu Gods and Goddesses' Temples, Mosques, Gurudwaras, Churches, Budhha Temples,etc. People visit each other during festivals, irrespective of all caste and religions and celebrate all the major and minor festivals of all the religions mentioned.

Recent activities[edit]

In the year 2006, a riot took place in Assam, which also affected Doom Dooma but, to a negligible extent. The company HLL got threats from the extremist group ULFA, and within two years ULFA also damaged a part of the company by a grenade attack[citation needed]. The matter has been resolved for now and people continue to live peacefully and independently in a sociable environment.

Recently, there was a gunfire battle in Kordoiguri Village of Doom Dooma town where the police lit a house of a local inhibitant who was inside the house at that time, in search of two ULFA militants. According to sources, the militants were ready to surrender but the police didn't listen to their pleadings and fired a mortar which resulted in the death of all the three persons inside the house. The villagers as well as the local inhabitants along with the Moran Students' Union has brought out a protest rally against the state govt and the police and has demanded a high level enquiry about the incident.A Police Inspector was also killed in the gunfire[citation needed].

Politics[edit]

Doom Dooma is part of Lakhimpur (Lok Sabha constituency).[3] Elections are held every four years just like in other parts of Assam and people participate in the elections as candidates or voters. Currently there are two political parties which are active in the region- the Congress and the BJP.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - DoomDooma
  3. ^ "List of Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies". Assam. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-06.