Dora Pejačević

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Dora Pejačević

Dora Pejačević (10 September 1885 – 5 March 1923) was a Croatian composer, a member of Pejačević noble family. She was one of the composers to introduce the orchestral song to Croatian music.[1]

Biography[edit]

Dora Pejačević (in old documents also Pejacsevich) was born in Budapest, a daughter of Croatian ban Teodor Pejačević and Hungarian Countess Lilla Vay de Vaya, herself a fine pianist. Her mother gave her first piano lessons. Paternally, she descended from the old Croatian noble Pejačević family, one of the most distinguished noble families in Slavonia, eastern region of Croatia.

Dora began to compose when she was 12. She studied music privately in Zagreb, Dresden and Munich and received lessons in instrumentation (from Dragutin Kaiser and Walter Courvoisier), composition (from Percy Sherwood) and violin (from Henri Petri in München). She was largely self-taught, however. She married Ottomar von Lumbe in 1921. Although Pejačević led a lonely life, she met many prominent musicians and writers, and befriended Austrian journalist and writer Karl Kraus and Czech aristocrat and patroness of arts Sidonie Nádherná. Dora died in Munich in 1923, a result of complications following a difficult childbirth (of her son Theo), and is buried at the cemetery in Našice, Croatia.

Dora Pejačević should be considered a major Croatian composer. She left behind a strong catalogue of 58 opuses (106 compositions), mostly in late-Romantic style, ranging from songs, piano works, chamber music, and several compositions for large orchestra, arguably her best. Her Symphony in F-sharp minor is considered by scholars the first modern symphony in Croatian Music. Most of her music has yet to be published and released on compact disc, although concerted efforts have been made recently to rectify this situation. For example, the Croatian Music Information Centre has published some of her scores, including three of her orchestral works (Piano Concerto, Symphony, and Phantasie Concertante). In 2008, the Center also published a bilingual monograph (in English and Croatian), written by the Pejačević scholar Koraljka Kos, accompanied by a first all-Pejačević CD of piano and chamber music.

Her life is a subject of a Croatian biographical film Countess Dora (1993), directed by Zvonimir Berković and starring Alma Prica and Rade Šerbedžija.[2]

List of works[edit]

Vocal compositions[edit]

Lieder:
  • Ein Lied, op. 11, (text: Paul Wilhelm), (1900)
  • Warum?, op. 13, (text: Dora Pejačević), (1901)
  • Ave Maria, op. 16, for voice, violin and organ, (1903)
  • Sieben Lieder, op. 23, (text: Wilhelmine Wickenburg-Almásy), (1907), (dedicated to Eva van Osten, Melanie Páiffy-Almásy, Julia Culp)
  1. Sicheres Merkmal
  2. Es hat gleich einem Diebe
  3. Taut erst Blauveilchen
  4. Es jagen sich Mond und Sonne
  5. Du bist der helle Frühlingsmorgen
  6. In den Blättern wühlt
  7. Es war einmal
  • Zwei Lieder, op. 27, (Text: Wilhelmine Wickenburg-Almásy; Ernst Strauss), (1909)
  1. Ich schleiche meine Straβen
  2. Verweht
  • Vier Lieder, op. 30, (text: Anna Ritter), (1911), (dedicated to Marianne Konradsheim)
  1. Ein Schrei
  2. Wie ein Rausch
  3. Ich glaub', lieber Schatz
  4. Traumglück
  • Verwandlung for voice, violin and organ, op. 37a, (text: Karl Kraus), (1915), (dedicated to Sidonie Nádherny von Borutin)
  • Mädchengestalten, op. 42, (text: Rainer Maria Rilke), (1916)
  1. Als du mich einst gefunden hast
  2. Viel Fähren sind auf den Flüssen
  3. Ich bin eine Waise
  4. Ich war ein Kind und träumte viel
  • An eine Falte, op. 46, (text: Karl Kraus), (1918), (dedicated to Sidonie Nádherny von Borutin)
  • Drei Gesänge, op. 53, (text: Friedrich Nietzsche), (1919 - 1920)
  1. Venedig
  2. Vereinsamt
  3. Der Einsamste
  • Zwei Lieder, op. 55, (Text: Karl Henckell; Ricarda Huch), (1920), (dedicated to Rosa Lumbe-Mladota and Juza Lumbe)
  1. Zu dir!
  2. Um bei dir zu sein
  • Tri dječje pjesme (Three children's songs) op. 56, (text: Zmaj Jovan Jovanović), (1921)
  1. Majčica, moj anđeo (Mommy, my angel)
  2. Dijete i baka (Child and grandmother)
  3. Mali Radojica (Little Radojica)
with orchestral accompaniment:
  • Verwandlung, op. 37b, (text: Karl Kraus), (1915)
  • Liebeslied, op. 39, (text: Rainer Maria Rilke) (1915)
  • Zwei Schmetterlingslieder, op. 52, (text: Karl Henckell), (1920)
  1. Goldne Sterne, blaue Glöckchen
  2. Schwebe, du Schmetterling

Compositions for solo piano[edit]

  • Berceuse, op. 2, (1897)
  • Gondellied, op. 4, (In Erinnerung an die gemütlichen Tage in Našice von Dora, Našice, 25-VII-1898)
  • Chanson sans paroles, op. 5, (1898)
  • Papillon, op. 6, (1898)
  • Menuette, op. 7, (1898)
  • Impromptu, op. 9a, (1899)
  • Chanson sans paroles, op. 10, (1900), (dedicated to baroness Else Szentkereszty)
  • Albumblatt, op. 12, (1901), (lost)
  • Trauermarsch, op. 14, (1902)
  • Sechs Phantasiestücke, op. 17, (1903)
  1. Sehnsucht
  2. Leid
  3. Frage
  4. Klage
  5. Bitte
  6. Wahn (2 versions: A and B)
  • Blumenleben - acht Klavierstücke nach der Blütenzeit im Jahresablauf komponiert, op. 19, (1904 -1905)
  1. Schneeglöckchen
  2. Veilchen
  3. Maiglöckchen
  4. Vergißmeinnicht
  5. Rose
  6. Rote Nelken
  7. Lilien
  8. Chrysanthemen
  • Berceuse, op. 20, (1906), (dedicated to her nephew count Nikola Pejačević)
  • Valse de concert, op. 21, (1906)
  • Erinnerung, op. 24, (1908), (dedicated to Marie Therese Schall-Riaucour)
  • Walzer-Capricen, op. 28, (1910), (dedicated to her professor Percy Sherwood)
  1. moderato
  2. grazioso
  3. im Lëndler-tempo
  4. wiegend
  5. lento
  6. tempo giusto
  7. allegretto
  8. grazioso, allegramente
  9. moderato
  • Vier Klavierstücke, op. 32a, (1912), (dedicated to pianist Alice Ripper, who premiered them in Stockholm in 1917)
  1. (lost)
  2. Libelle
  3. Papillon
  4. Abendgedanke
  • Impromptu, op. 32b, (1912), (dedicated to pianist Alice Ripper)
  • Sonata in B minor, op. 36, (1914), (dedicated to Anny von Lange)
  • Zwei Intermezzi, op. 38, (1915), (dedicated to Olga Schulz-Granitz)
  1. Ruhig und innig
  2. Langsam und ausdrucksvoll
  • Zwei Klavierskizzen, op. 44, (1918), (dedicated to Anny von Lange)
  1. An dich!
  2. Vor deinem Bild
  • Blütenwirbel, op. 45, (1918), (2 versions: A and B), (dedicated to Sidonie Nádherny von Borutin)
  • Capriccio, op. 47, (1919), (dedicated to pianist Alice Ripper)
  • Zwei Nocturnos, op. 50, (1918; 1920)
  1. Sehr ruhig, mit innigem Ausdruck, (Janowitz 20. – 21. Juli 1918. Dedicated to pianist Alice Ripper)
  2. Leicht bewegt und ferträumt
  • Humoreske und Caprice, op. 54, (1920)
  1. Humoreske, allegretto vivo
  2. Caprice, vivace grazioso
  • Sonata in A flat major, op. 57 (in one movement), (1921)

Chamber compositions[edit]

  • Rêverie for violin and piano, op. 3, (1897.)
  • Canzonetta in D major, for violin and piano, op. 8, (1899.), (Pejačević's first printed composition. Dedicated to Stefi Geyer)
  • Impromptu op. 9b for piano quartet,(1903), (Bearbeitung von Op.9a)
  • Trio in D major, op. 15 for violin, violoncello and piano, (1902)
  • Menuett in A major, for violin and piano, op. 18, (1904), (dedicated to Jaroslav Kocian)
  • Romanze in F major, for violin and piano, op. 22, (1907)
  • Quartet in D minor, op. 25 for violin, viola, violoncello and piano, (1908)
  • Sonata in D major, op. 26 'Frühlings-Sonate' for violin and piano, (1909)
  • Trio in C major, op. 29 for violin, violoncello and piano, (1910)
  • String Quartet in F major, op. 31, (1911), (lost)
  • Elegie in E flat, major for violin and piano, op. 34, (1913), (dedicated to Johannes Nádherny-Borutin)
  • Sonata in E minor, op. 35 for violoncello and piano, (1913), (dedicated to Olga and Ernst Schulz)
  • Piano Quintet op. 40 in B minor for 2 violins, viola, violoncello and piano, (1915 - 1918)
  • Sonata in B minor, op. 43 'Slawische Sonate' for violin and piano, (1917), (dedicated to violinist Zlatko Baloković)
  • Méditation for violin and piano, op. 51, (1919), (dedicated to Viteszlav Novák)
  • String Quartet in C major, op. 58, (1922)

Orchestral compositions[edit]

  • Piano Concerto in G minor, op. 33, (1913)
  • Symphony in F-sharp minor for large orchestra, op. 41, (1916 - 1917. Rev. 1920), (dedicated to her mother baroness Lilla Vay de Vaya)
  • Phantasie concertante in D minor for piano and orchestra, op. 48, (1919), (dedicated to pianist Alice Ripper)
  • Ouverture in D minor for large orchestra, op. 49, (1919)
Songs for voice and orchestra (1915 – 1920)
  • Verwandlung for voice, violin and orchestra, op.37b, (text: Karl Kraus)
  • Liebeslied, op.39, (text: Rainer Maria Rilke), (dedicated to her sister Gabrielle Kochanovsky)
  • Gold'ne Sterne, blaue Glöckchen (Zwei Schmetterlingslieder, op.52 No.1), (text: Karl Henckell)
  • Schwebe du Schmetterling, schwebe vorbei (Zwei Schmetterlingslieder, op.52 No.2), (text: Karl Henckell)

CD Recordings[edit]

  • Symphony in F-sharp minor, op. 41; Phantasie Concertante in D minor, op. 48 for Piano & Orchestra (CPO CD#777-418-2)
  • Piano Trio, op.29; Cello Sonata, op. 35 (Oliver Triendl, Andrej Bielow, Christian Poltera. CPO 777-419-2)
  • Piano Quintet, op.40; Piano Quartet, op.25; String Quartet, op.58; Impromptu, op. 9(Oliver Triendl, Quatuor Sine Nomine. CPO 777-421-2) [2 CDs]
  • String Quartet in C major, op.58 together with String Sextet by Papandopulo (CD #5558910)
  • Violin Sonata No.1 in D major, op. 26 together with works by Kunc, Boris Papandopulo and J. Š. Slavenski (CD #5872221)
  • Lieder ein Lied, op. 11; Warum, op. 13; 7 Lieder, op. 23; 2 Lieder, op. 27; 4 Lieder, op. 30; Verwandlung, op. 37; Liebeslied, op. 39; Mädchengestalten, op. 42; An eine Falte, op. 46; 2 Schmetterlingslieder, op. 52; 3 Gesänge, op. 53; 2 Lieder, op. 55 (Ingeborg Danz, Cord Garben. CPO 2012)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Historicisim in Croatia Vladimir Maleković, Vesna Lovrić Plantić, Graham McMaster - 2000 "In this period Josip Hatze composed the first modern cantata in Croatian music5 ; Dora Pejačević, Bersa and Baranovic introduced the song for voice and orchestra."
  2. ^ http://www.film.hr/bazafilm_film.php?film_id=321 (Croatian)

Bibliography[edit]

  • Kos, Koraljka. Dora Pejacevic. Zagreb: The Croatian Music Information Centre, 2008.
  • Kos, Koraljka. Dora Pejačević: Leben und Werk. Zagreb: Musikinformationszentrum Konzertdirektion, 1987.

External links[edit]