|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2010)|
|City of Doral|
Aerial view of western Doral
|Motto: "For all the right reasons!"|
Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida
U.S. Census Bureau map showing the former CDP limits
|Country||United States of America|
|Incorporated||June 24, 2003|
|• Mayor||Luigi Boria|
|• Vice Mayor||Sandra Ruiz|
|• Councilmembers||Pete Cabrera, Christi Fraga, and Ana Maria Rodriguez|
|• City Manager||Edward A. Rojas|
|• City Clerk||Connie Diaz|
|• City||13.6 sq mi (35.3 km2)|
|• Land||13.2 sq mi (13.2 km2)|
|• Water||0.5 sq mi (1.2 km2) 3.52%|
|Elevation||3 ft (1 m)|
|• Density||3,293.4/sq mi (1,271.6/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||305, 786|
|GNIS feature ID||1867137|
Doral, often referred to as El Doral in Spanish, is a city located in north-central Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. An industrial and suburban mixed neighborhood of Miami, it lies north-west of Miami International Airport. It takes its name from the Doral Golf Resort & Spa located within its municipal boundaries. Originally built by Doris and Alfred Kaskel, who coined "Doral" by combining their names. The city is nicknamed Doralzuela due to the city's large and affluent Venezuelan community.
For a city of its size, Doral has a large number of shops, financial institutions and businesses, especially importers and exporters, primarily because of its proximity to the Miami International Airport. In 2008, Fortune Small Business and CNN Money ranked Doral as 51 on a list of 100 cities with the best mix of business advantages and lifestyle appeal.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Government and infrastructure
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Media
- 8 Education
- 9 References
- 10 External links
In the late 1950s, real estate pioneers Alfred and Doris Kaskel purchased 2,400 acres of swampland between Northwest 36 Street and Northwest 74 Street and from Northwest 79 Avenue to Northwest 117 Avenue for about $49,000, intending to build a golf course and hotel. In 1962, the Doral Country Club opened in western Dade County, featuring the blue, red and par-3 golf courses, along with a hotel on Miami Beach. The "Doral" name combined Doris and Alfred. As Doral's very first structure, the Doral Hotel and Country Club became the area's hot spot: guests were transported from the beach to the country club for a day on the golf course.
In the second year of operations, the Kaskels hosted the first Doral Open Invitational, Florida's major PGA event. Alfred offered $50,000 in prize money to attract well-known golfers. According to the South Florida Golf Foundation, at the time only three other tournaments were held in Florida, offering a combined total of $65,000 prize money.
By the early 1980s, Doral started to experience its first residential growth spurt, when Alfred's and Doris' grandson Bill developed Doral Estates, followed by a joint venture with Lennar Corporation to build Doral Park. Both communities were named after the fotel, a trend that was to be repeated many more times. Although younger families started flooding the area, there were no stores, schools, or parks. Initially, most new homes were investment properties or second homes, but early full-time residents started coming together as a community.
From 1983 to 1985, Miami-Dade County imposed a building moratorium to protect the area's water wells. Once the ban was lifted, Doral experienced tremendous growth. In 1989, Morgan Levy helped organize the West Dade Federation of Homeowner Associations to stand strong against any proposals that threatened the community's welfare. Thus, they secured a police station instead of a jail, as well as convinced county officials to implement higher development standards as well as more lighting, roads and landscaping.
In 1995, residents began lobbying for incorporation in earnest, dissatisfied with the high tax rate relative to the services they received, as well as unchecked growth. The county met the first attempt at incorporation with a year's deferral. Some classified Doral as a "donor community," meaning that the taxes paid were more than the cost of operations. With the deferral, incorporation efforts intensified even more. In 1996, the community elected its first community council: Jose "Pepe" Cancio, Sr., Mario Pita and Barbara B. Thomas were elected and three other members were appointed. The council initially met once every month.
In 2002, Governor Jeb Bush appointed Cancio to fill the remainder of Miami-Dade Commissioner Miriam Alonso's term of office. Doral residents hoped that his appointment would bring the community closer to incorporation, and their hopes were realized. Although Cancio endorsed Juan Carlos Bermudez, the City of Doral's first elected Mayor, as his replacement on the Community Council, Bermudez declined the offer, ran for the seat and was elected. At the time, Bermudez was president of One Doral, a civic organization formed to counteract the perceived influence of the West Dade Federation on the new Council. However, both One Doral and the West Dade Federation proved essential to the incorporation process.
In January 2003, following a seven-year battle, 85% of Doral's voters voted in favor of incorporation. In June of the same year, 92% voted to accept the City Charter and elected their first Mayor and City Council.
The City of Doral has attracted positive attention from Fortune 100 corporations, mom-and-pop businesses, young families and retirees. Mayor Luigi Boria, elected in November, 2012, became the second Venezuelan-American mayor in the United States, and only one still in office (Caracas-born Philip Giordano, three-term mayor of Waterbury, Connecticut and former opponent of Senator Joseph Lieberman, having given up his position after federal felony convictions). Current city council memmbers include Christi Fraga and Sandra Ruiz. In January, 2015, the city hosted events relating to Miss Universe 2014.
Doral is located at .
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.6 square miles (35 km2). 13.2 square miles (34 km2) of it is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) of it (3.52%) is water.
- Unincorporated Miami-Dade County
- Unincorporated Miami-Dade County Unincorporated Miami-Dade County
- Unincorporated Miami-Dade County, Tamiami Unincorporated Miami-Dade County
- Tamiami Unincorporated Miami-Dade County
|2010 Census||Doral||Miami-Dade County||Florida|
|Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010||+123.6%||+10.8%||+17.6%|
|Population density||3,293.4/sq mi||1,315.5/sq mi||350.6/sq mi|
|White or Caucasian (including White Hispanic)||88.7%||73.8%||75.0%|
|(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian)||14.6%||15.4%||57.9%|
|Black or African-American||2.5%||18.9%||16.0%|
|Hispanic or Latino (of any race)||79.5%||65.0%||22.5%|
|Native American or Native Alaskan||0.1%||0.2%||0.4%|
|Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian||0.0%||0.0%||0.1%|
|Two or more races (Multiracial)||2.1%||2.4%||2.5%|
|Some Other Race||3.0%||3.2%||3.6%|
As of the 2010, there were 17,785 households out of which 14.3% were vacant. As of 2000, 38.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.6% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 1.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.12.
In 2000, the city population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 43.6% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, and 4.8% who were 65 years of age or older. As of 2000, the median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 97.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.
In 2000, the median income for a household in the CDP was $53,060, and the median income for a family was $57,193. Males had a median income of $46,324 versus $32,827 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $27,705. About 9.5% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.8% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.
As of 2000, speakers of Spanish as a first language accounted for 74.50%, while English accounted for 16.15%, Portuguese was spoken by 5.02%, Chinese made up 0.98%, Tamil at 0.64%, Japanese at 0.53%, and Arabic was the mother tongue for 0.50% of the population.
As of 2000, Doral had the highest percentage of Venezuelans residents in the US, with 8.22% of the population (Weston was the second highest, with 4.10% of the population.) It had the thirty-third highest percentage of Cuban residents in the US, at 15.20% of the city's population, and the sixth highest percentage of Colombian residents in the US, at 8.71% of the its population. It also had the tenth most Peruvians in the US, at 2.95%, while it had the forty-eighth highest percentage of Dominicans, at 2.64% of all residents. It had the thirteenth highest concentration of Brazilians, with 2.50% of the city (tied with Newark, NJ and Oak Bluffs, Massachusetts.) Doral's Nicaraguan community had the twenty-sixth highest percentage of residents, which comprised 1.69% of the population. It is also home to the fifty-first highest percentage of Ecuadorian residents, which made up 1.18% of the population.
In 2005 Doral had over 10,000 businesses. During that year Carnival Cruise Lines, Ryder, and Univision had operations in Doral. For years leading into 2005, Doral attracted businesses of various sizes.
The Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta Miami Branch Office, one of the five Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta branch offices, is located in Doral.
Martinair operates its Americas headquarters in the Doral Corporate Center One in Doral. Avianca operates a Miami-area sales office in Doral. Grupo TACA operates a Miami-area TACA Center in Doral. El Al has its Miami-area office in Doral. Hellmann Worldwide Logistics has its USA head office in Doral.
The Doral Chamber of Commerce is the official chamber for the City of Doral.
Before Doral was incorporated, the second (1996–1998) Pan American World Airways had its headquarters in Doral. At one time Ryder had its headquarters in Doral. In 2002 Ryder announced that it would move its headquarters to a new site in Miami-Dade County.
According to Doral's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|5||Amadeus North America||500|
|6||Perry Ellis International||420|
|9||Gold Coast Beverage Distributors||286|
Government and infrastructure
The Doral Police Department was started on June 2, 2008, with 93 officers to service the growing Doral area. Previously, the Miami-Dade Police Department would service the area with a sticker on the side of the car showing the Doral logo. From its inception, the new police service has started a routine of parking at busy intersections or roadsides in an effort to catch speeders, thus forcing the entire city to slow down its speed on its once fast streets.
On September 4, 2014 former NBA star Shaquille O'Neal was confirmed to apply as a reserve with the department.
State and federal representation
The Florida Department of Law Enforcement operates the Miami Regional Operations Center in an unincorporated area that was formerly a part of the Doral CDP and is not within the city limits of Doral.
The City of Doral Trolley was launched on February 1, 2008 and has been available to residents and visitors alike for a convenient FREE RIDE. The pilot program involved a weekday route that ran from 7:00 am to 7:00 pm with one trolley servicing one route. Since then, the City has added five new trolleys and has expanded service with two additional routes which connect to Metrorail. Currently the system has three routes serviced by seven trolleys.
The City of Doral, Fla. is served by the Miami-Ft. Lauderdale market for local radio and television. Doral has its own local map, Discover Doral City Map, published quarterly since 2005 and distributed in all the shopping centers, hotel lobby, car rental, and visitor information centers. Two big media outlets have their headquarters in Doral: Univision Network/Fusion and CBS-owned & operated affiliate WFOR-TV, Channel 4. Several studios and other TV operations work out from Doral. In addition, the Telemundo chain has a presence in the City of Doral, with one of its main office and production units located there.
Primary and secondary schools
Doral is a part of the Miami-Dade County Public Schools system.
Residents are zoned to the following education facilities:
Public Schools (MDCPS)
- Eugenia B. Thomas. K–8 Center
- Ronald W. Reagan/Doral Senior High School
- Dr. Rolando Espinosa K-8 Center
Colleges and universities
- Carlos Albizu University
- Miami Dade College – West Campus
- Millennia Atlantic University
- West Coast University
The Miami-Dade Public Library System operates the Doral Branch, which had re-opened on July 5, 2003 after an expansion, in the Doral Isles Shopping Center. In addition the system operates the 7,500 square feet (700 m2) International Mall Branch in Doral. The library was the second to be built after the opening of the Main Library in 1985.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Meet The New Mayor Of 'Doralzuela'- The First Venezuelan Born Mayor In Florida" (Archive). WLRN-FM. Thursday January 10, 2013. Retrieved on Aril 30, 2014.
- Semple, Kirk (January 23, 2008). "Rise of Chávez Sends Venezuelans to Florida". The New York Times.
- "100 Best Places to live and launch – 51. Doral, Fla. (51)". www.cnnmoney.com. Retrieved 2008-04-15.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "CENSUS QUICK FACTS 2010". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-07-17.
- 2013 U.S Census Population Estimates
- "MLA Data Center Results for Doral, Florida". Modern Language Association. Retrieved 2007-11-19.
- "Ancestry Map of Venezuelan Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-11-19.
- "Ancestry Map of Cuban Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-11-19.
- "Ancestry Map of Colombian Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-11-19.
- "Ancestry Map of Peruvian Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-11-19.
- "Ancestry Map of Dominican Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-11-19.
- "Ancestry Map of Brazilian Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-11-19.
- "Ancestry Map of Nicaraguan Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-11-19.
- "Ancestry Map of Ecuadorian Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-11-19.
- "COMPANIES FLOCK TO DORAL." Miami Herald. April 23, 2005. 33WW Special Edition. Retrieved on January 9, 2010.
- "Corporate Address." Carnival Cruise Lines. Retrieved on January 9, 2010.
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- "How to Contact Us." AAXICO. Retrieved on January 9, 2010.
- "Contact Us." Benihana. Retrieved on January 24, 2014. "Benihana Inc.[...]8750 NW 36th Street Suite 300 Doral, FL 33178"
- Walker, Elaine. "Doral, Fla.-Based Benihana Discloses Secret of Its Success." Knight Ridder/Tribune Business News. May 26, 1999. Retrieved on January 9, 2010.
- "Franchising Contacts." Benihana. Retrieved on January 9, 2010.
- "Contact Us." Perry Ellis International Corporate Apparel. Retrieved on January 9, 2010.
- "Contact Us." Perry Ellis International. Retrieved on January 9, 2010.
- "Miami Branch." Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta. Retrieved on September 3, 2011. "9100 N.W. 36th Street Miami, Florida 33178-2425"
- "Worldwide Offices." Martinair. Retrieved on March 8, 2009.
- "Doral Corporate Center." Hines Interests Limited Partnership. Retrieved on September 6, 2009.
- Bowden, Marilyn. "Hines buys Doral Corporate Center for $55.75 million." Miami Today. Week of December 7, 2006. Retrieved on September 6, 2009.
- "Offices rest of the world." Avianca. Retrieved on January 27, 2009.
- "TACA Offices." Grupo TACA. Retrieved on January 27, 2009.
- "Worldwide Offices USA." El Al. Retrieved on September 29, 2009.
- "Hellmann Head Office USA." Hellmann Worldwide Logistics. Retrieved on November 6, 2010.
- Ostrowski, Jeff. "Codina, Swerdlow set sights on Sawgrass Mills." South Florida Business Journal. Friday March 28, 1997. Retrieved on May 23, 2009.
- "Contact Ryder." Ryder. Retrieved on January 9, 2010.
- Tamen, Joan Fleischer. "Ryder Headquarters to be Located Near Broward County, Fla., Border." South Florida Sun-Sentinel. December 5, 2002. Retrieved on January 9, 2010.
- City of Doral CAFR
- "Police Services." Miami-Dade County. Retrieved on March 12, 2010.
- "Doral Police To Be Sworn In." WPLG. Friday May 9, 2008. Retrieved on March 12, 2010.
- "Miami-Dade Police." Miami-Dade County. Retrieved on September 9, 2012. "Miami-Dade Police Department 9105 NW 25 ST Doral, Fl 33172"
- "Midwest District Station." Miami-Dade Police Department. Retrieved on September 8, 2012. "9101 NW 25th Street Doral, FL 33172"
- "Contact Us." Miami-Dade Fire Rescue Department. Retrieved on September 8, 2012. "Miami-Dade Fire Rescue Department 9300 N.W. 41st Street Miami, Florida 33178-2414"
- "FDLE Regional Contacts." Florida Department of Law Enforcement. Retrieved on March 7, 2010.
- "Doral CDP, Florida." (Archive) U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on January 9, 2010.
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- "Contáctenos." El Nuevo Herald. Retrieved on January 24, 2014. "El Nuevo Herald 3511 NW 91 Ave. Miami, FL 33172"
- "Doral Fact Sheet: Education". www.cityofdoral.com. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
- "Doral Branch." Miami-Dade Public Library System. Retrieved on February 26, 2010.
- "International Mall Branch." Miami-Dade Public Library System. Retrieved on February 26, 2010.
- "ホーム" ("Home"). Miami Hoshuko. Retrieved on April 30, 2014. "借用校・校舎 Iglesia Bautisita de Coral Park 8755 SW 16 Street Miami, FL. 33165" and "補習校事務所 Miami Hoshuko, INC. 3403 NW 82 Ave, Suite 340 Miami, FL. 33122"
- "2010 Block Census Map Westchester, Florida" (Archive). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on April 30, 2014.
- City of Doral website
- Official Doral Chamber of Commerce Site
- Doral Real Estate
- Official Doral Hotel Association Site