|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2010)|
|City of Doral|
Aerial view of western Doral
Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida
U.S. Census Bureau map showing the former CDP limits
|Incorporated||June 24, 2003|
|• Mayor||Luigi Boria|
|• City||13.6 sq mi (35.3 km2)|
|• Land||13.2 sq mi (13.2 km2)|
|• Water||0.5 sq mi (1.2 km2) 3.52%|
|Elevation||3 ft (1 m)|
|• Density||3,462.4/sq mi (1,069/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1867137|
Doral is a city located in north-central Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States. An industrial and suburban mixed neighborhood of Miami, it lies north-west of Miami International Airport. It takes its name from the Doral Golf Resort & Spa located within its municipal boundaries. Originally built by Doris and Alfred Kaskel, who coined "Doral" by combining their names. The city is nicknamed Doralzuela due to the city's large and affluent Venezuelan community.
For a city of its size, Doral has a large number of shops, financial institutions and businesses, especially importers and exporters, primarily because of its proximity to the Miami International Airport. In 2008, Fortune Small Business and CNN Money ranked Doral as 51 on a list of 100 cities with the best mix of business advantages and lifestyle appeal.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Government and infrastructure
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Media
- 8 Education
- 9 References
- 10 External links
In the late 1950s, real estate pioneer Alfred and Doris Kaskel purchased 2,400 acres of swampland between Northwest 36 Street and Northwest 74 Street and from Northwest 79 Avenue to Northwest 117 Avenue for about $49,000 with the intention of building a golf course and hotel. In 1962, the Kaskel's dream came true when they opened a hotel on Miami Beach and country club in western Dade County that featured the Blue, Red and Par 3 golf courses. They named it Doral - a combination of Doris and Alfred.
Once the Country Club was built, guests were transported from the Beach to the Country Club for a day on the golf course. As Doral's very first structure, the Doral Hotel and Country Club became the area's hot spot. In the second year of operation, the Kaskels hosted the first Doral Open Invitational, Florida's major PGA event. Alfred offered $50,000 in prize money to attract well-known golfers. To put it in perspective, according to the South Florida Golf Foundation, there were only three other tournaments being held in Florida at the time with a combined total of $65,000 prize money.
By the early 1980s, Doral started to experience the first spurts of growth when Alfred's and Doris' grandson Bill developed Doral Estates that was followed by a joint venture with Lennar Homes to build Doral Park. Both communities were named after the Hotel, a trend that was to be repeated many more times. Younger families started flooding the area but had to travel to purchase even the most basic essentials, because there were no stores, schools, or parks. Although the majority of the original homes were investment properties or second homes, the early fulltime residents believed that the quality of life and the low housing costs far exceeded the lack of amenities and started coming together as a community.
From 1983 to 1985, the county imposed a building moratorium for the area to protect the well fields. Once the ban was lifted, Doral experienced tremendous growth. The West Dade Federation of Homeowner Associations was formed in 1989 under the leadership of Morgan Levy to stand strong against any proposals that threatened the community's welfare. As a result of their efforts, a police station instead of a jail was built, higher development standards were implemented, and more lighting, roads and landscaping appeared in the area.
Incorporation began in earnest in 1995 with the realization that residents were paying a very high price for services received. The County met the first attempt at incorporation with a year's deferral. Doral had been classified as a "donor community," meaning that the taxes paid were more than the cost of operations. With the deferral, incorporation efforts intensified even more. The County was allowing unchecked growth that was detrimental to the residents. In 1996, the first election of the Community Council was held and soon-to-be County Commissioner Jose "Pepe" Cancio, Sr., Mario Pita and Barbara B. Thomas were elected and three other members were appointed. The Council met every month to work on different projects and to address the needs of the community.
In 2002, the Governor appointed Cancio to fill the remainder of Commissioner Miriam Alonso's term of office. Doral residents hoped that his appointment would be the impetus to bring the community closer to incorporation, and Cancio did not let his community down. In the meantime, Cancio named Juan Carlos Bermudez, the City of Doral's first elected Mayor, as his replacement to the Community Council. Bermudez declined the offer and ran for the seat and was elected. At the time, Bermudez was president of One Doral, a civic organization formed to counteract the perceived influence of the West Dade Federation on the Council. One Doral and the West Dade Federation were instrumental in the incorporation process.
In January 2003, following a seven year battle, 85% of the voters in Doral voted in favor of incorporation. At long last, they had their own new city with a local government and more service for their tax dollars. In June of the same year, 92% voted to accept the City Charter and elected their first Mayor and City Council.
The City of Doral has come a very long way in a very short time and is attracting positive attention from Fortune 100 corporations, mom-and-pop businesses, young families and retirees.
Doral is located at .
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.6 square miles (35 km2). 13.2 square miles (34 km2) of it is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) of it (3.52%) is water.
- Unincorporated Miami-Dade County
- Unincorporated Miami-Dade County Unincorporated Miami-Dade County
- Unincorporated Miami-Dade County, Tamiami Unincorporated Miami-Dade County
- Tamiami Unincorporated Miami-Dade County
As of the census of 2010, there were 45,704 people, 13,641 households, and 10,492 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 3,293.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,271.9/km2). There were 17,785 housing units at an average density of 1,897.8 per square mile (732.9/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 88.7% White (14.3% were Non-Hispanic White,) 2.5% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 3.7% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 3.0% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 79.5% of the population. Doral is the city with the highest percentage of Venezuelans in its population in the United States, at 23.6% Venezuelan in 2010. Mayor Luigi Boria, elected in 2013, holds the honor as the first Venezuelan-American mayor in the United States.
As of the census of 2000, there were 20,438 people, 7,692 households, and 5,492 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,552.6 inhabitants per square mile (599.6/km2). There were 9,186 housing units at an average density of 697.8 per square mile (269.5/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 84.02% White (22% were Non-Hispanic White,) 2.66% Black or African American, 0.07% Native American, 5.08% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 4.36% from other races, and 3.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 69.44% of the population.
There were 7,692 households out of which 38.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.6% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 1.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.12.
In the CDP the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 7.7% fron 18 to 24, 43.6% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, and 4.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 97.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $53,060, and the median income for a family was $57,193. Males had a median income of $46,324 versus $32,827 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $27,705. About 9.5% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.8% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.
As of 2010, speakers of Spanish as a first language accounted for 81.60%, while English accounted for 7.40%, Portuguese was spoken by 6.79%, Japanese at 0.61%, Chinese made up 0.57%, Arabic was at 0.50% and Tamil was the mother tongue for 0.34% of the population.
As of 2000, Doral had the highest percentage of Venezuelans residents in the US, with 8.22% of the population (Weston was the second highest, with 4.10% of the population.) It had the thirty-third highest percentage of Cuban residents in the US, at 15.20% of the city's population, and the sixth highest percentage of Colombian residents in the US, at 8.71% of the its population. It also had the tenth most Peruvians in the US, at 2.95%, while it had the forty-eighth highest percentage of Dominicans, at 2.64% of all residents. It had the thirteenth highest concentration of Brazilians, with 2.50% of the city (tied with Newark, NJ and Oak Bluffs, Massachusetts.) Doral's Nicaraguan community had the twenty-sixth highest percentage of residents, which comprised 1.69% of the population. It is also home to the fifty-first highest percentage of Ecuadorian residents, which made up 1.18% of the population.
In 2005 Doral had over 10,000 businesses. During that year Carnival Cruise Lines, Ryder, and Univision had operations in Doral. For years leading into 2005, Doral attracted businesses of various sizes.
The Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta Miami Branch Office, one of the five Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta branch offices, is located in Doral.
Martinair operates its Americas headquarters in the Doral Corporate Center One in Doral. Avianca operates a Miami-area sales office in Doral. Grupo TACA operates a Miami-area TACA Center in Doral. El Al has its Miami-area office in Doral. Hellmann Worldwide Logistics has its USA head office in Doral.
The Doral Chamber of Commerce is the official chamber for the City of Doral.
Before Doral was incorporated, the second (1996–1998) Pan American World Airways had its headquarters in Doral. At one time Ryder had its headquarters in Doral. In 2002 Ryder announced that it would move its headquarters to a new site in Miami-Dade County.
According to Doral's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|5||Amadeus North America||500|
|6||Perry Ellis International||420|
|9||Gold Coast Beverage Distributors||286|
Government and infrastructure
The Doral Police Department was started on June 2, 2008, with 93 officers to service the growing Doral area. Previously, the Miami-Dade Police Department would service the area with a sticker on the side of the car showing the Doral logo. From its inception, the new police service has started a routine of parking at busy intersections or roadsides in an effort to catch speeders, thus forcing the entire city to slow down its speed on its once fast streets.
On September 4th, 2014 former NBA star Shaquille O'Neal was confirmed to apply as a reserve with the department.
State and federal representation
The Florida Department of Law Enforcement operates the Miami Regional Operations Center in an unincorporated area that was formerly a part of the Doral CDP and is not within the city limits of Doral.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (May 2010)|
Although Miami-Dade County Transportation does service the Doral area, it does not service inner Doral. Therefore, in February 2008, the City of Doral began a pilot program for a new form of transportation for residents, the Doral Trolley. With stops all over the city, the trolley runs all the way from Ronald W. Reagan/Doral Senior High School to the city limit at NW 87 Ave. It services all Doral area public schools (with the exception of Doral Academy Charter High School) and many businesses and retail locations in the city.
The City of Doral, Fla. is served by the Miami-Ft. Lauderdale market for local radio and television. Doral has its own local map, Discover Doral City Map, published quarterly since 2005 and distributed in all the shopping centers, hotel lobby, car rental, and visitor information centers. Two big media outlets have their headquarters in Doral: Univision Network and CBS-owned & operated affiliate WFOR-TV, Channel 4. Several studios and other TV operations work out from Doral. In addition, the Telemundo chain has a presence in the City of Doral, with one of its main office and production units located there.
Primary and secondary schools
Doral is a part of the Miami-Dade County Public Schools system.
Residents are zoned to the following education facilities:
Public Schools (MDCPS)
- Eugenia B. Thomas. K–8 Center
- Ronald W. Reagan/Doral Senior High School
- Dr. Ronaldo Espinosa K-8 Center
Charter schools include:
Colleges and universities
The Miami-Dade Public Library System operates the Doral Branch, which had re-opened on July 5, 2003 after an expansion, in the Doral Isles Shopping Center. In addition the system operates the 7,500 square feet (700 m2) International Mall Branch in Doral. The library was the second to be built after the opening of the Main Library in 1985.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Meet The New Mayor Of 'Doralzuela'- The First Venezuelan Born Mayor In Florida" (Archive). WLRN-FM. Thursday January 10, 2013. Retrieved on Aril 30, 2014.
- Semple, Kirk (January 23, 2008). "Rise of Chávez Sends Venezuelans to Florida". The New York Times.
- "100 Best Places to live and launch – 51. Doral, Fla. (51)". www.cnnmoney.com. Retrieved 2008-04-15.
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- "Demographics of Doral, FL". US Census Quick Facts 2010. Retrieved 2013-02-19.
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- "Ancestry Map of Cuban Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-11-19.
- "Ancestry Map of Colombian Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-11-19.
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- "Ancestry Map of Dominican Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-11-19.
- "Ancestry Map of Brazilian Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-11-19.
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- "Ancestry Map of Ecuadorian Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-11-19.
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- "How to Contact Us." AAXICO. Retrieved on January 9, 2010.
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- "Miami Branch." Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta. Retrieved on September 3, 2011. "9100 N.W. 36th Street Miami, Florida 33178-2425"
- "Worldwide Offices." Martinair. Retrieved on March 8, 2009.
- "Doral Corporate Center." Hines Interests Limited Partnership. Retrieved on September 6, 2009.
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- "Offices rest of the world." Avianca. Retrieved on January 27, 2009.
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- "Worldwide Offices USA." El Al. Retrieved on September 29, 2009.
- "Hellmann Head Office USA." Hellmann Worldwide Logistics. Retrieved on November 6, 2010.
- Ostrowski, Jeff. "Codina, Swerdlow set sights on Sawgrass Mills." South Florida Business Journal. Friday March 28, 1997. Retrieved on May 23, 2009.
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- Tamen, Joan Fleischer. "Ryder Headquarters to be Located Near Broward County, Fla., Border." South Florida Sun-Sentinel. December 5, 2002. Retrieved on January 9, 2010.
- City of Doral CAFR
- "Police Services." Miami-Dade County. Retrieved on March 12, 2010.
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- "Contact Us." Miami-Dade Fire Rescue Department. Retrieved on September 8, 2012. "Miami-Dade Fire Rescue Department 9300 N.W. 41st Street Miami, Florida 33178-2414"
- "FDLE Regional Contacts." Florida Department of Law Enforcement. Retrieved on March 7, 2010.
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- "Doral Fact Sheet: Education". www.cityofdoral.com. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
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- "2010 Block Census Map Westchester, Florida" (Archive). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on April 30, 2014.
- City of Doral website
- Official Doral Chamber of Commerce Site
- Doral Real Estate
- Official Doral Hotel Association Site