|Motto: "Diversity, Vitality, Community"|
Location in DeKalb County and the state of Georgia
|• Total||3.6 sq mi (9.3 km2)|
|• Land||3.6 sq mi (9.3 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,073 ft (327 m)|
|• Density||2,739.4/sq mi (1,060.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||30340, 30360, 30362|
|FIPS code||13-23536 |
|GNIS feature ID||0325924 |
Doraville was incorporated by an act of the Georgia General Assembly, approved December 15, 1871. From its development until the 1940s, Doraville was a small agricultural community that served the interests of a larger surrounding farming area.
At the end of World War II, Doraville was on a main railroad line, and had a new water system available. General Motors selected Doraville as the site for its new assembly plant. The growth of Doraville exploded in the late 1940s and the 1950s as a result. In the late 1940s, plans for Guilford Village, the first subdivision, were announced by Southern Builders and Engineering Company. The 112-home subdivision at Tilly Mill and Flowers Roads was to cover some 58 acres.
In 1950, Doraville’s population was 472. By 1964, the city's population was 6,160 and land area was 1,722 acres. Part of the population growth during that period was because of the annexation of Northwoods in 1949 and Oakcliff in 1958.
By the 1980s, Doraville and neighboring Chamblee attracted immigrants relocating to the Atlanta area who settled along Buford Highway. The result is one of the largest Asian communities in the country. Many Latin American countries are also represented. 56% of residents speak a language other than English as a first language.
The Doraville MARTA Station was built in 1992, destroying the few buildings that remained of Doraville's downtown.
The GM Doraville Assembly Plant closed in 2009, and the economy has stalled plans to turn the site into a mixed-use town center. Nonetheless, Doraville is becoming an attractive destination because of its close proximity to Atlanta, its MARTA Station, and the promise of a new town center.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.6 square miles (9.3 km2), all of it land. Crooked Creek goes through Doraville. Crooked Creek is a tributary of the Chattahoochee River.
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,862 people, 2,998 households, and 1,981 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,747.0 people per square mile (1,060.7/km²). There were 3,102 housing units at an average density of 864.1 per square mile (333.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 46.35% White, 14.77% African American, 1.28% Native American, 12.67% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 20.62% from other races, and 4.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 43.44% of the population.
There were 2,998 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 13.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 21.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.24 and the average family size was 3.62.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 14.9% from 18 to 24, 38.7% from 25 to 44, 16.4% from 45 to 64, and 6.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 127.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 134.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $40,641, and the median income for a family was $41,903. Males had a median income of $23,681 versus $22,165 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,048. About 9.6% of families and 15.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.8% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over.
On November 21, 2005, General Motors announced that it would close its Doraville automobile manufacturing plant on September 26, 2008. The plant assembled the Chevrolet Uplander/Pontiac Montana SV6/Buick Terraza/Saturn Relay family of minivans. The site is no longer being considered for the future home of the NFL's Atlanta Falcons. In December 2008, the Atlanta Journal-Constitution reported that a land developer, The Sembler Company, is in preliminary talks and negotiations to buy the former plant to build a new stadium for the Falcons. It is rumored that the site will remain vacant for at least another ten years.
Mid-Century modern architecture
Doraville contains a large stock of mid-century modern houses, arguably the largest concentration in metropolitan Atlanta. Mid-Century architecture was frequently employed in residential structures with the goal of bringing modernism into suburbs developed in the era immediately following World War II, which is when the majority of homes in Doraville were constructed. This style emphasized creating structures with ample windows and open floor plans, with the intention of opening up interior spaces and bringing the outdoors in. Many Mid-century houses utilized then-groundbreaking post and beam architectural design that eliminated bulky support walls in favor of walls seemingly made of glass. Function was as important as form in Mid-Century designs, with an emphasis placed specifically on targeting the needs of the average American family. While the style in seen throughout Doraville, the Northwoods and Northcrest neighborhoods are the most well-preserved Mid-Century modern neighborhoods in the city. In Northcrest, over half of the homes are Mid-Century moderns, while Northwoods, which may soon be granted historic status, is one of only three surviving mid-century planned communities in Georgia.
Primary and secondary schools
DeKalb County School System serves Doraville.
The following elementary schools serve sections of Doraville:
- Henderson Mill Elementary School (Doraville)
- Oakcliff Elementary School (Doraville)
- Hightower Elementary School (Doraville)
- Cary Reynolds Elementary School (Doraville)
The following middle schools serve sections of Doraville:
The following high schools serve sections of Doraville:
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- John Casper, Astronaut, resides in Doraville.
- The 70s Southern rock/adult contemporary band The Atlanta Rhythm Section was formed in Doraville. The band's first top 40 single was an uptempo song titled "Doraville" from the Third Annual Pipe Dream album. The town was described in the 1974 song as "a touch of country in the city." Their 1980 album was titled "The Boys from Doraville".
- "The City of Doraville Georgia Website". The City of Doraville Georgia Website. Retrieved September 6, 2012.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Sembler might build Falcons stadium in Doraville
- GM site touted as Falcons’ new nest
- "Map" (Map). Seigakuin Atlanta International School. Retrieved on January 11, 2012. "5505 Winters Chapel Road , Atlanta , GA 30360 USA"
- "Relocating school has Japan ties." Atlanta Journal-Constitution. September 29, 2002. JJ1. Retrieved on January 11, 2012.
- "Library Locations & Hours." DeKalb County Public Library. Retrieved on February 24, 2010.
- Official band site
- Official band site
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Doraville, Georgia.|
- City of Doraville
- City-Data.com Comprehensive Statistical Data and more about Doraville
- Doraville Life Online Magazine
- Doraville.com - Local Business Directory