Dordogne (river)

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Dordogne
Dordogne 2.jpg
The Dordogne in Périgord.
Origin Massif Central
Mouth Garonne
45°2′29″N 0°36′24″W / 45.04139°N 0.60667°W / 45.04139; -0.60667 (Gironde-Dordogne)Coordinates: 45°2′29″N 0°36′24″W / 45.04139°N 0.60667°W / 45.04139; -0.60667 (Gironde-Dordogne)
Basin countries France
Length 483 km
Source elevation 1,720 m
Avg. discharge 450 m³/s
Basin area 23,870 km²
See also Dordogne département.

The Dordogne (Occitan: Dordonha) is a river in south-central and southwest France. The Dordogne river and its watershed was designated Biosphere Reserve by the UNESCO on July 2012. [1]

Name[edit]

Contrary to appearances, the name of the Dordogne is not a recent word[2] resulting from the names of the Dore and the Dogne. It comes from an ancient Durānius,[3] dérived from a Pre-Celtic root dur-, dor- (as the Durance).

The medieval forms adopted a redoubled suffix -ononia:[4] Dorononia fluvius[5] (sixth century), Dornonia (eighth century) that evolves in Dordonia (ninth century) by a phenomenon of dissimilation, giving the impression of an etymology *Dore-Dogne.

River Dordogne at Argentat in Corrèze, part of the Limousin region.

Geography[edit]

Location of Dordogne River

The river rises on the flanks of Puy de Sancy (1 885 m) in the mountains of Auvergne, from the confluence of two small torrents above the town of Mont-Dore: the Dore[6] and the Dogne. It flows generally west about 500 km through the Limousin and Périgord regions before flowing into the Gironde, its common estuary with the Garonne, at the "Ambès beak", in the north of the city of Bordeaux.

Nature[edit]

Canoeing on Dordogne River

The Dordogne is one of the few rivers in the world that exhibit the phenomenon known as a tidal bore.[7]

The upper valley of the Dordogne is a series of deep gorges. The cliffs, steep banks, fast flowing water and high bridges attract both walkers and drivers. In several places the river is dammed to form long, deep lakes. Camp sites and holiday homes have proliferated wherever the valley floor is wide enough to accommodate them

Below Argentat and around Beaulieu-sur-Dordogne, the valley widens to accommodate fertile farmland, well-watered pasture and orchards. In the towns, which are major tourist attractions because of their history and architecture, the quaysides are lined with eating and drinking places. In Périgord, the valley widens further to encompass one of France's main gastronomic regions, with vineyards, poultry farms and truffle-rich woodlands.

The main season for tourism in the Valley of the Dordogne is from June to September, with July and August being high season. The lifestyle and culture of the Dordogne valley attract both visitors and incomers from all over France, but also from many other countries, particularly Britain and Germany.


Course[edit]

The départements of France through which the Dordogne River runs, together with some towns in those départements that are on or quite near the River, are as follows:

Tributaries[edit]

Dordogne River in the Périgord
Beaulieu-sur-Dordogne and Dordogne view from Altillac

Main tributaries from source to mouth:

N.B. : (R) = right tributary; (L) = left tributary

Activities on the River[edit]

Aside from the usual activities such as tennis and golf available in many areas of France, there are a number of water-related activities related to the Dordogne River, including:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "UNESCO description of the Bassin de la Dordogne". 
  2. ^ as the Midouze, a portmanteau that fuses the names of its two precursors, the Midou and the Douze.
  3. ^ Sidonius Apollinaris
  4. ^ influenced by the suffix -onna, frequent in river names, in France.
  5. ^ Gregory of Tours
  6. ^ Not to be confused with the Dore.
  7. ^ Tidal bores, Mascaret, Pororoca (1). Myths, Fables and Reality !!!

External links[edit]