Doreen Massey (geographer)
|Born||Doreen Barbara Massey
Manchester, England, UK
|Fields||economic and social geographer|
|Alma mater||University of Oxford
University of Pennsylvania
|Notable awards||Victoria Medal (1994)
Prix Vautrin Lud (1998)
Doreen Barbara Massey FRSA FBA AcSS (born 1944), is a contemporary British social scientist and geographer, working among others on topics typical of Marxist geography. She currently serves as Emeritus Professor of Geography at the Open University.
Massey was born in Manchester and most of her childhood in Wythenshawe, a large council estate. She studied at Oxford and later did a Masters in Regional Science at the University of Pennsylvania, beginning her career with a thinktank, the Centre for Environmental Studies (CES) in London. CES contained several key analysts of the contemporary British economy, and Massey established a working partnership with Richard Meegan, among others. CES was closed down and she moved into academia at The Open University.
Massey retired in 2009 but remains a frequent media commentator, particularly on industry and regional trends. In her role as Emeritus Professor at the OU she continues her speaking engagements and involvement in educational TV programmes and books.
Doreen Massey's main fields of study are globalisation, regional uneven development, cities, and the reconceptualisation of place. Although associated with an analysis of contemporary western capitalist society, she has also worked in Nicaragua, South Africa and Venezuela.
Her early work at CES established the basis for her 'spatial divisions of labour' theory (Power Geometry), that social inequalities were generated by the unevenness of the capitalist economy, creating stark divisions between rich and poor regions and between social classes. 'Space matters' for poverty, welfare and wealth. Over the years this theory has been refined and extended, with space and spatial relationships remaining central to her account of contemporary society.
Sense of place
While Massey has argued for the importance of place, her position accords with those arguing against essentialised or static notions, where:
- places do not have single identities but multiple ones.
- places are not frozen in time, they are processes.
- places are not enclosures with a clear inside and outside.
Massey used the example of Kilburn High Road in north west London to exemplify what she termed a 'progressive' or 'global' sense of place, in the essay 'A Global Sense of Place'. In a Podcast interview with Social Science Space Massey talks about the idea of physical space being alive "A lot of what I’ve been trying to do over the all too many years when I’ve been writing about space is to bring space alive, to dynamize it and to make it relevant, to emphasize how important space is in the lives in which we live. Most obviously I would say that space is not a flat surface across which we walk; Raymond Williams talked about this: you’re taking a train across the landscape – you’re not traveling across a dead flat surface that is space: you’re cutting across a myriad of stories going on. So instead of space being this flat surface it’s like a pincushion of a million stories: if you stop at any point in that walk there will be a house with a story. Raymond Williams spoke about looking out of a train window and there was this woman clearing the grate, and he speeds on and forever in his mind she’s stuck in that moment. But actually, of course, that woman is in the middle of doing something, it’s a story. Maybe she’s going away tomorrow to see her sister, but really before she goes she really must clean that grate out because she’s been meaning to do it for ages. So I want to see space as a cut through the myriad stories in which we are all living at any one moment. Space and time become intimately connected." 
- Presidential Achievement Award, Association of American Geographers (2014)
- Victoria Medal of the Royal Geographical Society in 1994, (1994)
- Centenary Medal, Royal Scottish Geographical Society (2003)
- Prix Vautrin Lud (1998)
- Anders Retzius Gold Medal by the Swedish Society for Anthropology and Geography (2003)
- Awarded honorary DSc by the University of Edinburgh (2006)
- Honorary Doctorate from University of Glasgow (2009)
- Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts
- Academician of the Social Sciences
- Fellow of the British Academy
- Cordey-Hayes, M. & Massey, DB.. 1970. An operational urban development model of Cheshire. London: Centre for Environmental Studies.
- Massey, D.B. 1971. The basic: service categorisation in planning London: Centre for Environmental Studies.
- Massey, D.B. 1974. Towards a critique of industrial location theory London: Centre for Environmental Studies.
- Massey, D.B & Batey, P.W.J. (Eds)(1977) "Alternative Frameworks for analysis", London:Pion (ISBN 085086061X)
- Massey, D.B. & Catalano, A. (1978) Capital and land: Landownership by capital in Great Britain. London: Edward Arnold. (ISBN 0713161086 and 0713161094 pbk)
- Massey, D.B. & Meegan, R.A. (1979) The geography of industrial reorganisation: The spatial effects of the restructuring of the electrical engineering sector under the industrial reorganisation corporation. Oxford and New York: Pergamon Press.
- Massey, D.B. & Meegan, R.A. (1982) The anatomy of job loss: The how, why, and where of employment decline. London and New York: Methuen.
- Massey, D.B. (1984) Spatial divisions of labor: Social structures and the geography of production. New York: Methuen.
- Massey, D.B. (1987) Nicaragua. Milton Keynes, England and Philadelphia: Open University Press.
- Massey, D.B. (1988) Global restructuring, local responses. Atwood lecture. Worcester, Mass.: Graduate School of Geography, Clark University.
- Ginwala, F, Mackintosh, M, & Massey, D.B. (1991) Gender and economic policy in a democratic South Africa. Milton Keynes, U.K.: Development Policy and Practice, Technology Faculty, Open University.
- Massey, D.B. (1994) Space, place, and gender. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
- Massey, D.B. (1995) Spatial divisions of labor: Social structures and the geography of production 2nd edition. New York: Routledge.
- Hall, S., Massey, D.B., & Rustin, M. (1997) The next ten years. London: Soundings.
- Allen, J., Massey, D.B, Cochrane, A. (1998) Rethinking the region. New York: Routledge.
- Massey, D.B (2005) For Space, London: Sage (ISBN 1412903610 & 1412903629)
- Massey, D.B. (2007). World City, Cambridge: Polity Press.
- Massey, D.B. (2010). World City, published with new Preface: "After the Crash", July 2010. Cambridge: Polity Press
- Open University. "Prof Doreen Massey - Profile". Retrieved 16 June 2008.
- "Staff Profile Prof Doreen Massey". Retrieved 29 March 2013.
- Dovey, Kim: Becoming Places, Routledge, 2010
- Massey, Doreen (1991-06-24). "A Global Sense of Place". Marxism Today 38.
- The Independent (1 October 1998). "Professor wins 'geography Nobel'". Retrieved 10 March 2013.
- Honorary Doctorate, Harokopio University in Athens (2012)