Doris Eaton Travis
|Doris Eaton Travis|
Doris Eaton Travis in about 1920, during the Ziegfeld Follies years
March 14, 1904
Norfolk, Virginia, U.S.
|Died||May 11, 2010
Commerce, Michigan, U.S.
|Occupation||Actress, dancer, author, Teacher/Instructor.|
|Spouse(s)||Paul Travis (1900-2000); (m.1930–2000)
Joe Gorham (1923)
Doris Eaton Travis (March 14, 1904 – May 11, 2010) was an American actress of both Broadway and film, as well as a dance instructor, and author. As a dancer she was also the last surviving Ziegfeld girl member.
Travis began performing onstage as a young child, and made her Broadway debut at the age of 13. A year later, in 1918, she joined entrepreneur Florenz Ziegfeld who founded the famed Ziegfeld Follies as the youngest Ziegfeld Girl ever cast in the show. She continued to perform in stage productions and silent films throughout the 1920s and early 1930s.
When her career in stage and screen declined, she started a second career as an Arthur Murray dance instructor and local television personality in Detroit. Her association with Arthur Murray lasted for three decades, during which time she rose through the ranks to own and manage a chain of nearly 20 schools. After retiring from her career with Arthur Murray, she went on to manage a horse ranch with her husband and returned to school, eventually earning several degrees.
Documentaries and Authorship 
In her later years, Travis had returned to the public eye. As the last surviving Ziegfeld Girl, she was featured in several books and documentaries about the Ziegfeld Follies and her other stage endeavors. Eaton Travis had also returned to the stage as a featured performer in benefit performances for Broadway Cares/Equity Fights AIDS.
Early Life and Career - Theatre 
Doris Eaton was born on March 14, 1904 in Norfolk, Virginia to Mary and Charles Eaton and was raised as a Christian Scientist. She was one of seven children in the family. Eaton began attending dance lessons in Washington, D.C., along with her sisters Mary and Pearl Eaton, aged four. In 1911, all three sisters were hired for a production of Maurice Maeterlinck's fantasy play The Blue Bird at the Shubert Belasco Theatre in Washington. While Eaton had a minor role in the show, as a sleeping child in the Palace of Night scene, it marked the beginning of her career in professional theatre.
After The Blue Bird, in 1912, the three Eaton sisters and their younger brother Joe began appearing in various plays and melodramas for the Poli Stock Company. They quickly gained reputations as professional, reliable, and versatile actors, and were rarely out of work.
In 1915, all three sisters appeared in a new production of The Blue Bird for Poli. Doris and Mary were given the starring roles of Mytyl and Tyltyl. The siblings were subsequently invited to reprise their roles for a New York and road tour of the play, produced by the Shubert Brothers. When the show closed, Doris and her brother Charlie, who had followed his four siblings into show business, resumed their work with Poli and appeared together in their first Broadway show, Mother Carey's Chickens at the Cort Theatre. The entire Eaton family relocated to New York City, where the children pursued their careers in various stage projects.
Ziegfeld Follies years 
By 1918, Pearl Eaton had become a dancer and assistant to the director with the Ziegfeld Follies. The Follies were a series of elaborate musical revues on Broadway in New York City from 1907 through 1931. Inspired by the Folies Bergères of Paris, the Follies were conceived and mounted by Florenz Ziegfeld. When Doris accompanied Pearl to a rehearsal, dance supervisor Ned Wayburn spotted her and hired her for a role in the summer touring company of the 1918 Follies.
The day she finished the eighth grade, Doris began rehearsals to become a Ziegfeld girl in the Follies. To circumvent child labor laws and the attention of the Gerry Society, she performed under the stage names "Doris Levant" (actually her young niece's name) and "Lucille Levant". As soon as she turned sixteen, she began using her real name again. Wayburn was one of only a few people who were aware of her true age, and arranged for her mother to accompany her on the Follies tour as a paid member of the company.
Eaton Travis would associate with Ziegfeld for several years, appearing in the 1918, 1919, and 1920 editions of the Ziegfeld Follies and the 1919 Midnight Frolics. She was the understudy to star Marilyn Miller. Doris was not the only member of the Eaton family to prosper in the show: by 1922, siblings Mary, Pearl, Doris, Joe, and ten-year old Charlie had all performed in one edition of the Follies or another. Doris' last appearance with the Follies was in the 1920 edition.
Eaton Travis made her motion picture debut at the age of 17 in the 1921 romantic drama At the Stage Door, opposite silent film star Billie Dove. Her career flourished in the 1920s and early 1930s. She appeared in a number of additional silent films, including Tell Your Children with director Donald Crisp in England and Egypt; performed in five different Broadway shows and danced in the Hollywood Music Box Revue and the Gorham Follies in Los Angeles and the Hollywood Club in New York.
While in the Hollywood Music Box Revue, Eaton Travis premiered two important songs, both composed by Nacio Herb Brown: "Singin' in the Rain" and "The Doll Dance." Doris was the lyricist for the latter song, but did not receive due credit.
Arthur Murray Dance Instructor and Rancher 
Travis performed in her final Broadway show, the play Merrily We Roll Along at the Music Box Theatre, in 1935. Her career, along with those of her siblings, declined in the 1930s. She returned to work in stock theatrical productions on Long Island and had a brief, albeit unsuccessful, foray into vaudeville with her brother Charlie.
In 1936, she was hired by the Arthur Murray Dance Studios in New York as a tap dance instructor. She remained with the Arthur Murray company for thirty-two years, advancing from teaching to owning her own school. Eventually Eaton Travis established and owned a total of eighteen Arthur Murray studios across Michigan. She authored a column of dance advice and commentary for the Detroit News entitled "On Your Toes" and hosted a local television program for seven years.
One of her pupils, inventor and engineer Paul Travis, became her husband after an 11-year courtship. Their marriage lasted over fifty years, until Paul's death in 2000; they had no children. After retiring from the dance studio business in 1968, Eaton Travis and her husband moved to Norman, Oklahoma, and established a ranch. The initial 220-acre (89 ha) plot grew to 880 acres (356 ha), and many of the quarter-horses bred and raised on the ranch had success in racing. The ranch operated largely as a boarding facility, managed by Eaton Travis, until 2008.
Later life 
In 1998, Eaton Travis returned to Broadway and the New Amsterdam Theatre, the same venue where she had first appeared in 1918, 80 years earlier, to participate in the Easter Bonnet Competition, a benefit for Broadway Cares/Equity Fights AIDS. She became the show's "lucky charm" and an audience favorite, and continued to appear in the production almost every year, often presenting renditions of her old dances to standing ovations from the audience. In 1999 she made her first film appearance in over sixty-five years with a small role in Man on the Moon with Jim Carrey.
She appeared in several documentaries and interviews about the Ziegfeld Follies and her siblings and colleagues; she also published an autobiography and family history, entitled The Days We Danced, in 2003. In 2006, Eaton Travis was the subject of a photo-collage biography by Pulitzer Prize nominee Lauren Redniss entitled Century Girl: 100 Years in the Life of Doris Eaton Travis, Last Living Star of the Ziegfeld Follies.
In January 2008 Eaton Travis served as the Grand Marshal of the opening parade for the Art Deco Weekend festival in Miami Beach. Her last public appearance was the opening of the 2010 Easter Bonnet show on April 27, 2010. After a long life and career, Eaton Travis died of an aneurysm on May 11, 2010. On May 12, the lights of Broadway were dimmed in her honor. She is interred in the Guardian Angel Cemetery in Rochester, Michigan.
See also 
- Martin, Douglas (11 May 2010). "Doris E. Travis, Last of the Ziegfeld Girls, Dies at 106". The New York Times.
- Jones, Kenneth and Simonson, Robert."Doris Eaton Travis, Among the Last of the Ziegfeld Girls, Dead at 106" Playbill, May 11, 2010
- Comer, Ruby."Ruby’s Rap" aumag.org, August 2004. The third question asks if Doris is a healthy girl and Doris answers, "Yes, I am. I don't take any medicine. I'm a Christian Scientist, Ruby".
- McElroy, Tom (11 May 2010). "Last Broadway Ziegfeld Follies Girl dies at 106". Associated Press. Retrieved 12 May 2010.[dead link]
- Travis, Doris Eaton (2003). The Days We Danced. Marquand Books. ISBN 0-8061-9950-4.
- "Doris Eaton Travis at the Internet Broadway Database". Retrieved 2008-02-06.
- Kenrick, John."Florenz Ziegfeld:Biography - Part II" Musicals101.com, accessed May 12, 2010
- Wilson, Victoria (January 1999). "Doris Eaton Travis, a former Ziegfeld Follies dancer". Interview. Archived from the original on 2007-10-06. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
- Simonson, Robert (April 17, 2004). "Nearly) Oldest Living Ziegfeld Girl Tells All: 100-Year-Old Doris Eaton Visits New Amsterdam Once More". Playbill Online. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
- Kenrick, John."Florenz Ziegfeld, Jr. article, "What Makes A 'Ziegfeld Girl'"? Musicals101.com, accessed May 12, 2010
- "Doris Eaton Travis at the Internet Movie Database". Retrieved 2008-02-06.
- Orkin Emmanuel, Lisa (January 18, 2008). "Oldest living Ziegfeld girl kicks off annual Art Deco Weekend". Associated Press. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
- Viagas, Robert (April 20, 2005). "Easter Bonnet Competition Raises $2.5 Million". Playbill Online. Retrieved 2008-02-06.
- Martin, Douglas."Obituaries. Doris Eaton Travis"The New York Times, May 12, 2010
- "Doris Eaton Travis" findagrave.com, accessed August 29, 2011
Further reading 
- Redniss, Lauren. Century Girl: 100 Years in the Life of Doris Eaton Travis, Last Surviving Star of the Ziegfeld Follies, New York, Harper Collins, 2006, ISBN 978-0-06-085333-4.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Doris Eaton Travis|
- Interview with Lauren Redniss
- Profile of Travis from Art Deco Weekend 2008
- NPR: The Oldest Living Ziegfeld Girl
- Doris Eaton Travis at the Internet Movie Database
- Doris Eaton Travis at Find a Grave