Doris Gibson

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Doris Gibson Parra del Riego (28 April 1910 – 23 August 2008)[1] was a Peruvian magazine writer and publisher. She is most noted as the founder and editor of the Peruvian weekly newsmagazine Caretas.[2]

She has been described as "a feminist before the movement had begun, and according to many, a visionary who influenced the course of Peru's recent history through the brave and defiant reporting of the magazine she created".[2]

Life and work[edit]

Doris Gibson was born in Lima. Her father was the Peruvian poet of English/German ancestry Percy Gibson Moller. She married an Argentine diplomat, Manlio Zileri. They had one child, Enrique Zileri, who also became an editor of Caretas.

She had a relationship with the artist, Sérvulo Gutiérrez, for whom she was a muse as well as a lover.[2] After Gibson and Gutiérrez had a heated argument, he rid himself of a full-size nude painting that he had executed of Gibson. He sold it to a well-off businessman. When she learned of the transaction, Gibson traveled to the businessman's house with a photographer and, on the pretext of needing daylight for a photograph, took the painting outside and promptly drove away with it. When the man later asked for its return, she responded, "I don't want to be nude in your house."[2]

Caretas[edit]

Gibson started the weekly newsmagazine Caretas in 1950, using 10,000 Peruvian soles which her uncle had lent her, along with a room and a typewriter. The first issue appeared in October 1950, but before the end of the year her operation was shut down by then-dictator Manuel A. Odría (1948–1956). This pattern became familiar: the operation was closed five times by the government of Juan Velasco Alvarado (1975–1980)(in October 1969 Velasco ordered the arrest and deportation [to Spain] of then-editor Enrique Zileri Gibson). The operation was closed again under the regime of Francisco Morales Bermúdez (1975–1980).[3]

The government of Fernando Belaúnde Terry (1980–1985) gave the magazine the Orden del Sol del Perú, in recognition of its services.

The government of Alejandro Toledo (2001–2006) also gave the magazine La Orden de Mérito, for Distinguished Service.[3]

Marco Zilero Dougall was editor of the magazine when Doris Gibson Parra died in Lima.

Later years and death[edit]

Gibson Parra entered a Peruvian clinic in August 2008 for treatment of pneumonia. She died there on 23 August 2008. She was predeceased by former husband Manlio Zileri. Peruvian President Alan García and several of his ministers attended her wake.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ El Comercio (2008). "Falleció Doris Gibson". Downloaded 1 September 2008
  2. ^ a b c d Collyns, Dan. "Peru's first 'visionary' editor", BBC, 30 August 2008. Retrieved 20 September 2009
  3. ^ a b NY Times
  4. ^ http://nydailynews.com/latino/espanol/2008/08/25/2008-08-25_muere_fundadora_de_revista_caretas_.html NY Daily News obituary