Doris Taylor is an American scientist, best known for her work on stem cell research and decellularization. Dr. Taylor directs the Center for Cardiovascular Repair at the University of Minnesota. Her most recent accomplishment was leading a team which demonstrated the ability to create an entirely new rat heart in the lab.
In 1977, Taylor received her BSc in Biology at the Mississippi University for Women in Columbus, Mississippi. In 1988, Taylor was awarded her PhD in Pharmacology from the Southwestern Medical School in Dallas, Texas.
In 2008, Taylor led a team which published research on the creation of a completely new rat heart in the lab. This breakthrough is expected to help pave the way for future research to eventually create entire replacement organs based on the patient's own cells, which would eliminate the need for transplants or drugs to prevent rejection (tissue engineering). In February 2008, Dr. Taylor was invited by Dr. Earl Bakken to present her research findings at Hawaii's Heart Brain Center.
In April 2011 her team at the University of Minnesota used adult human stem cells to create a human heart. This was from a heart stripped of its cells, leaving behind a tough protein skeleton known as a "ghost heart". This was then coated with adult human stem cells and the researchers hope the heart will start beating in the coming weeks.
- New York Times article on Dr. Taylor's work
- Stem Cell Institute at the University of Minnesota; retrieved January 14, 2008 from the University of Minnesota website
- Altman, Lawrence K. (2008-01-13). "Researchers create new rat heart in lab." International Herald Tribune; Retrieved January 14, 2008.
- Report on Dr. Taylor's appearance at Hawaii's Heart Brain Center
- Leake, Jonathan (2011-04-03). "Human hearts created in lab". Retrieved April 24, 2011.
- "Breakthrough: New heart grown using adult stem cells". April 4, 2011. Retrieved July 2, 2013.