Dormition Cathedral (London)

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Cathedral of the Dormition of the Mother of God and All Saints
Russian Orthodox Cathedral of the Dormition.JPG
The face of the cathedral.
Basic information
Location England London, England
Geographic coordinates 51°30′02″N 0°10′09″W / 51.5006°N 0.1693°W / 51.5006; -0.1693Coordinates: 51°30′02″N 0°10′09″W / 51.5006°N 0.1693°W / 51.5006; -0.1693
Affiliation Russian Orthodox Church
Ecclesiastical or organizational status Cathedral
Website www.sourozh.org
Architectural description

The Russian Orthodox Cathedral of the Mother of God and All Saints is Grade II* listed cathedral of the Russian Orthodox Diocese of Sourozh, which is the Moscow Patriarchate's diocese for the islands of Great Britain and Ireland. The cathedral is located in Ennismore Gardens, Knightsbridge, London, England. It houses the administrative apparatus of the diocese.[1]

The church was built in 1848-49, and the architect was Lewis Vulliamy.[2] The western facade is a very close copy of the facade of the Basilica of St. Zeno, Bishop of Verona, in Verona, Italy. Such view of church adopted only after reconstruction in 1891.[3]

History[edit]

The building of the cathedral was built in 1849 as the Anglican Church of All Saints.

Architect Lewis Vulliamy proposed to build a church in Lombard style then instead of the conventional Gothic one. However, the full project could not be realized due to financial reasons. Consecration of the church took place in July 1849. It became a parish, with the boundaries of Kensington Palace Gardens to Albert Gate. Parish had about 5,000 people.

In 1860 architect R. L. Roumieu completed the construction of the bell tower on basis of the draft prepared Vallyami. Bell tower height was 36.5 meters.

During the reconstruction in the years 1891-1892 the western facade acquired the kind that has survived to present day: this is a very close copy of the Basilica of St. Zeno of Verona in Italy.

The first attempt was made interior decoration by Thomas R. Spence, however, sgraffito and stained glass windows have survived belong Heywood Sumner.

In 1924, near the church was built the house for priest. Now it's the number 66 Ennismore Gardens.

In 1955, the Anglican parish was merged with another, and the new parish church became the Holy Trinity on Prince Consort Road.

A Church of All Saints was given to the use of Russian Orthodox parish. The church was consecrated in honor of the Assumption of the Mother of God.

In 1978 it was bought into the property of the Sourozh diocese. Over time, up to the death of Metropolitan Anthony in 2003, the parish developed into a multinational one, but since 2006 it has reverted to being almost exclusively for Russians.

In 2006 a substantial part of the clergy and laity, headed by Bishop Basil (Osborne), the Administrator of the Diocese, decided to leave the Moscow Patriarchate. In June 2007 the Parish Council of the Cathedral voted to place the Cathedral under the Episcopal Vicariate headed by Bishop Basil. This was challenged by the Moscow Patriarchate and in 2009 the High Court decided, on the construction of the 1944 Trust Deed of the Cathedral, that it should remain with the adherents of the Moscow Patriarchate.

Priors[edit]

References[edit]